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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 44 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Meade, William -1862 (search)
Meade, William -1862 Clergyman; born near Millwood, Frederick (now Clarke) co., Va., Nov. 11, 1789; son of Richard Kidder Meade, one of Washington's confidential aides; graduated at Princeton in 1808, and became a minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church. He was an earnest and active worker for his church and the best interests of religion. In 1829 he was made assistant bishop of the diocese of Virginia, and became bishop on the death of Bishop Moore in 1841. For several years he was the acknowledged head of the evangelical branch of the Church in the United States. In 1856 he published Old churches, ministers, and families in Virginia. He died in Richmond, Va., March 14, 1862.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battle of Mechanicsville, or Ellison's Mill, (search)
efensive position, and prepared for a retreat to the James River. On the right side of the Chickahominy General Porter was posted with 27,000 men and ten heavy guns in battery. At 3 P. M., on the 26th, Gen. A. P. Hill crossed the river and drove a regiment and a battery at Mechanicsville back to the main line near Ellison's Mill, where the Nationals were strongly posted. There, on a hill, McCall's Pennsylvania Reserves were posted, 8,500 strong, with five batteries. These, with a part of Meade's brigade, were supported by regulars under Morell and Sykes. General Reynolds held the right, and General Seymour the left, and the brigades of Martindale and Griffin were deployed on the right of McCall. In the face of these formidable obstacles, and a heavy fire of infantry and artillery, the leading brigades of Hill advanced, followed by Longstreet's, and moved to the attack. They massed on the National right to turn it, expecting Jackson to fall upon the same wing at the same time; b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mine Run, operations near (search)
ock Station and the crossing of that stream by Meade, Nov. 8, caused him, under cover of darkness, nd its vicinity, a strong defensive position. Meade lay quietly between the Rappahannock and Rapidight, when the latter was so hard pressed that Meade was compelled to send troops from his left to le time to prepare to meet his antagonist, and Meade's plans, so well laid, were frustrated. He com until they crossed the two highways on which Meade's army lay. In front of all was a strong abatis. Meade, however, resolved to attack Lee, and to Warren was intrusted the task of opening the assahe attack at 8 A. M., Nov. 30. At that hour Meade's batteries on the left and centre were openedcking. Satisfied that Warren had done wisely, Meade ordered a general suspension of operations. Lfences were growing stronger every hour, while Meade's strength was diminishing. His rations were y swell the streams and make them impassable. Meade therefore determined to sacrifice himself, if
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morgan, John Hunt 1826- (search)
r the property belonged to friend or foe. In June and July, 1863, he crossed the Ohio River for the purpose of plunder for himself and followers; to prepare the way for Buckner to dash into Kentucky from Tennessee and seize Louisville and, with Morgan, to capture Cincinnati; to form the nucleus of an armed counter-revolution in the Northwest, where the Knights of the Golden circle, or the Sons of liberty of the peace faction, were numerous; and to prevent reinforcements from being sent to Meade from that region. Already about eighty Kentuckians had crossed the Ohio (June 19) into Indiana to test the temper of the people. They were captured. Morgan started (June 27) with 3,500 well-mounted men and six guns, crossing the Cumberland River at Burkesville, and, pushing on. encountered some loyal cavalry at Columbia (July 3), fought them three hours. partly sacked the town, and proceeded to destroy a bridge over the Green River, when he was driven away, after a desperate fight of seve
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), entry on-to-richmond- (search)
ction of Lee's communications with Richmond. Three days after General Lee escaped into Virginia, July 17-18, 1863, General Meade crossed the Potomac to follow his flying antagonist. The Nationals marched rapidly along the eastern base of the Blue Ridge, while the Confederates went rapidly up the Shenandoah Valley, after trying to check Meade by threatening to re-enter Maryland. Failing in this, Lee hastened to oppose a movement that menaced his front and flank, and threatened to cut off h exciting race there were several skirmishes in the mountain-passes. Finally Lee, by a quick and skilful movement, while Meade was detained at Manassas Gap by a heavy skirmish, dashed through Chester Gap, and, crossing the Rappahannock, took a position between that stream and the Rapidan. For a while the opposing armies rested. Meade advanced cautiously, and at the middle of September he crossed the Rappahannock, and drove Lee beyond the Rapidan, where the latter took a strong defensive po
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Petersburg. (search)
federate right. The former was pushed back. Scene at the siege of Petersburg. On the following morning (June 22) the Nationals were attacked by divisions of the corps of A. P. Hill, driving back a portion of them with heavy loss. At sunset Meade came up and ordered both corps to advance and retake what had been lost. It was done, when Hill retired with 2,500 prisoners. The next morning Hancock and Wright advanced, and reached the Weldon road without much opposition, until they began to ed with heavy loss. Among the slain was General Burnham, and Ord was severely wounded. In honor of the slain general the captured works were named Fort Burnham. In these assaults the gallantry of the colored troops was conspicuous. Meanwhile, Meade had sent Generals Warren and Parke, with two divisions of troops each, to attempt the extension of the National left to the Weldon road and beyond. It was a feint in favor of Butler's movement on the north side of the James, but it resulted in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Simmons, Franklin 1842- (search)
g, at that time, few examples in New England. On leaving college, having made some portrait-busts with success, he decided to devote himself to sculpture. The Civil War then burst upon the country, and Mr. Simmons sought the field of operations, not as a soldier, but as a commemorator of the leading soldiers and statesmen of the day. During several years spent in Philadelphia and Washington, some thirty generals and statesmen sat to him for their busts, among them Lincoln, Grant, Sheridan, Meade, Seward, and Chase, which gave great satisfaction. Having received a commission from the State of Rhode Island to make a statue of Roger Williams for the Capitol at Washington, he went to Rome, where he has since resided. He has also made for the national Capitol a statue of William King, of Maine, and a G. A. R. monument of General Grant, and for the Iowa Circle in Washington an equestrian monument of General Logan. His other works include a second statue of Williams for the city of Pr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slocum, Henry Warner 1827-1894 (search)
volunteers in August, 1861, and commanded a brigade in Franklin's division. He served with distinction in the campaign on the Peninsula, in 1862, and on July 4, 1862, he was promoted major-general. In the battle of Groveton (or second battle of Bull Run), at South Mountain, and Antietam, he was signally active, and in October, 1862, was assigned to the command of the 12th Corps, which he led at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. At the latter he commanded the right wing of Meade's army. From September, 1863, to April, 1864, he guarded the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, and in the Atlanta campaign commanded the 20th Corps. In the march to the sea he commanded one of the grand divisions of Sherman's army; also through the Carolinas, until the surrender of Johnston. He resigned Sept. 28, 1865; was defeated as Democratic candidate for secretary of state of New York in 1865; was a Presidential elector in 1868; elected .to Congress in 1868 and 1870, and as Represe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Mountain, battle of (search)
eneral Hatch, who commanded King's division, was wounded, when General Doubleday took his command, his own passing to the care of General Wainwright, who was soon disabled. At dusk Hooker had flanked and beaten the Confederate left. Reno's command, which had gained a foothold on the crest, fought desperately until dark. At about sunset their leader, at the head of the troops in an open field, was killed. He died almost at the moment of victory, and his command devolved on General Cox. Meade, with his brigades, led by General Seymour and Colonels Magilton and Gallagher, fought on the right of Hatch's division. General Duryee, whose fine brigade of Ricketts's division had participated in the later struggles of Pope with Lee, was just coming up when the contest ceased at that point. Meanwhile the brigades of Gibbons and Hartsuff had pushed up the road along the Gap, fighting and winning steadily until about 9 P. M., when, having reached a point near the summit of the Gap, their