ery few, but they sufficed.
Reading, writing, and the fundamental operations in arithmetic—the three R's—were all that found a place in the course of studies in those early schools.
I will spare my readers an enumeration of the things we are expected to study and teach to-day.
Beginning about 1750, at each annual meeting, after voting the minister's salary, the town immediately votes to provide a school for the ensuing year.
These were the first matters attended to. Evidently the education of their children was coming to the front.
And as we approach 1776, although the records throb with drumbeats and glisten with bayonets, there are no indications of any failing of that deep interest which from that day to this Medford has ever shown in her public schools.
The last warrant for town meeting issued in his majesty's name was dated March 6, 1775, signed by Richard Hall, Town Clerk. Thus early it would seem the people of Medford were beginning to dream of complete independen
Committee on Historic Sites has taken permanent form in three tablets already placed, with the subject-matter for several others well under way. Those placed are as follows:
built by Gov. Matthew Cradock, 1634.
Cradock House, Riverside avenue.
the aqueduct by which the Middlesex canal crossed the Mystic river Rested upon the identical Abutments and piers which now support this bridge.
Boston-avenue bridge over Mystic river.
here stood, 1727-1770, the second meeting House of Medford.
Rev. Ebenezer Turrell.
South side of High street, near meeting House Brook.
This work has been, of necessity, slow.
Not only have the records of Medford been examined very closely, but the records at East Cambridge and Boston.
Tablets are under way to mark the site of the First Church, one for the Royall House, old Wade House, and many other historic spots.
It is hoped by the committee to make this work thorough and complete with the gift of the funds from the late Town Improve
Mrs. Richard P. Hallowell. England, and John Winthrop succeeded to the chief executive office.
From that time, Massachusetts became to a large degree self-governed.
The earliest information we get concerning the circumstances under which Medford was settled comes from a letter written by Governor Dudley, March 28, 1631.
After a recital of the events connected with the arrival of the colonists, he says: We began to consult of a place for our sitting down, for Salem, where we landed, ple—perhaps some small fishing-vessels; but we have no reason to believe that ship-building was carried on as a considerable industry.
The fact is, the patronage which Medford received from Governor Cradock was by no means an unmixed blessing.
Early Medford almost died of it. The governor monopolized almost all the land, and small holdings were rare.
There was little chance for the honest yoemen, the bone and sinew of any land.
And Mr. Cradock died early, in 1644, and his works (material) foll