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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 12: operations on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. (search)
lity of his troops, and gave to the general-in-chief (McClellan) the credit of planning the expedition. I beg to say to the general commanding the army, he wrote, that I have endeavored to carry out the very minute instructions given me by him before leaving Annapolis, and thus far events have been singularly coincident with his anticipations. In this battle the Nationals lost about one hundred in killed and four hundred and ninety-eight in wounded. Among the former were Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Merritt, of the Twenty-third Massachusetts, and other gallant officer s and men. The loss of the Confederates wa s much less in killed and wounded, but two hundred of them were made prisoners. They reported their loss at 64 killed, 101 wounded, and 413 missing. The spoils of victory were many and important,; These were the important town and harbor of New Berne; eight batteries mounting forty-six heavy guns; three batteries of light artillery of six guns each; two steamboats; a nu
omotives and cars in and about Newbern, on their way inland toward Goldsboroa. The wind suddenly lulling, the fires were soon extinguished by sailors from our fleet; but the railroad bridge, market-house, and about a dozen other structures, were burned. Our captures at the Rebel intrenchments and in the city included 69 cannon, two steamboats, large quantities of munitions and stores, with some 500 prisoners. Our total loss was about 100 killed and 500 wounded: the former including Lt.-Col. Henry Merritt, 23d Massachusetts, Adjt. Frazer A. Stearns, of the 21st, Maj. Charles W. Le Gendre and Capt. D. R. Johnson, of the 51st, and Capt. Charles Tillinghast, of the 4th Rhode Island. The Rebel loss, beside prisoners, hardly exceeded 200, including Maj. Carmichael, killed, and Col. Avery, captured. Gen. Burnside, having undisturbed possession of Newbern, sent Gen. Parke March 20. with his brigade, 3,500 strong, southwestward to the coast, where he occupied March 23. Morehead City
us contest. On the 3d, an attempt of Hood, by a movement on the Emmitsburg road, to turn our left — which Gen. Meade regarded as our weak point — was defeated by Merritt's cavalry brigade, then coming up from Emmitsburg with intent to strike the rear and flank of the Rebel right, and by Farnsworth's brigade, which was guarding ourvantage was gained on either side; but a considerable infantry force under Hood seems to have been neutralized, during the grand assault, by the sturdy efforts of Merritt and Farnsworth, which were held to indicate that a strong infantry force was behind them, ready to strike heavily and attempt to turn the Rebel right. The battne Run and vicinity. ford, and advanced on the Catharpen road, covering the left or most exposed flank of our infantry: the other two divisions, under Custer and Merritt, watching respectively the upper fords of the Rapidan and the trains parked at Richardsville in our rear. Fully 70,000 men were engaged in this movement; while L
ved down toward Richmond, new bases were establish at Port Royal and then at White House; so that, while there was doubtless much suffering from privation as well as from wounds, it was always within a short distance of posts to which abundant supplies were forwarded from Washington and from the great commercial cities, under the efficient direction of Gen. Rufus Ingalls, its chief Quartermaster. On emerging from the Wilderness, Gen. Sheridan, with the better part of our cavalry, led by Merritt, Wilson, and Gregg, was dispatched May 9. on a raid toward Richmond. Crossing next day the North Anna, Sheridan carried the Beaverdam station on the Virginia Central, destroying the track, three trains of cars, a million and a half of rations, and liberating 400 Union prisoners captured in the Wilderness and now on their way to Richmond. Stuart's cavalry here overtook and assailed his flank and rear, but to little purpose. Crossing the South Anna at Ground Squirrel bridge, Sheridan ca
d back the Rebels into their works at Five Forks, leaving Warren's corps entirely disposable: and now, while directing Gen. Merritt, with his division of cavalry, to threaten to turn the Rebel right, at the same time that they were sharply pressed in he ordered thrown forward to fill the gap in our line, which was now impelled forward with irresistible momentum; while Merritt, with the cavalry, charged the enemy's front. The Confederates, facing their foes in each direction, stood bravely to Grant, Lt.-General. General R. E. Lee. Sheridan, with all his cavalry, had started again on the morning of the 7th; Merritt, with two divisions, moving by the left to Prince Edward C. H., to head off Lee from retreating on Danville. This was a Crook having already, by order, recrossed the Appomattox — concentrated his troopers on Prospect station, and pushed on Merritt's and Crook's divisions briskly to Appomattox station, on the Lynchburg railroad, 5 miles south of Appomattox C. H., wh
ls to hold the Weldon road, 587; pursues Lee, 743. Meagher, Brig.-Gen. T. F., at Gaines's Mill, 162; at Antietam, 208; at Fredericksburg, 345. Mechanicsville, Va., battle of, 153; Unionists withdraw from, 155. Meigs, M. C., Quartermaster-General, 433. Memphis, Tenn., gunboat fight near, 56; 57; surrender of to Federals, 57; Gen. Grant at, 394. Merrill, Col., triumphs at Hartsville, 447. Merrimac, Rebel iron-clad, in Hampton roads fight, 115-120; destruction (if, 127-8. Merritt's brigade, 389; at Five Forks, 733. miles, Gen., captures 600 Rebels near Petersburg, 735. miles, Col. D. S., surrenders Harper's Ferry, and is killed, 201. Milledgeville, Ga., taken by Sherman, 690. Miller, Col., 81st Pa., killed at Fair Oaks, 148. Milliken's Bend, 294; attack on, 319. Millikin, Col., killed at Stone River, 281. Mill Spring, Ky., battle of; 42; 44. Milroy. Gen. R. H., at McDowell, Va., 132-3; at Cross-Keys, 138; at Great Run — at Gainesville, 183; a
n when the battle raged the hottest, and rebels were found most plenty. Capt. Vanarsdall, of Co. B, was present, and discharged his duty faithfully, until the right wing was drawn off. Lieutenants Cobb, Coben, McAdams, Van Natts, Johnson, McCoy, Bush, Boswell, Shumate and Hunt, deserve the highest praise for their brave and gallant conduct. Lieut. McAdams fell while nobly leading on his men. Lieut. Bush commanded Company G, and quite distinguished himself. Second Lieuts. Rodman, Colwell, Merritt, Lutz, Miller, Stall, Simpson, Scott and Wilds, fully merit all that can be said in their praise, as do all the non-commissioned officers and privates that were present during the engagement. Many individual acts of bravery might be mentioned, such as those of Orderly-Sergeant Miller, of Company B, and my Orderly-Sergeant, Abraham A. Carter, who took a gun and fought manfully during the intervals that his services were not required by me in despatching orders. But nothing I can say, wil
e action, in pursuit, with such speed as to be captured by the enemy. From the joy of victory I must turn to the price it cost, in the soldier's death of Lieut.-Col. Merritt, of the Twenty-third Massachusetts, who fell early in the action while urging and cheering the men on, and of Lieut. J. W. Lawton, of the Twenty-seventh Masm not at present able to give more than that of my own regiment, which I enclose. It is with the most sincere regret that I have to report the loss of Lieut.-Col. Henry Merritt, who was killed by the first shot from the enemy's artillery, while bravely and gallantly executing an order I had given him a moment before. His loss inemy, which was replied to by very heavy volleys, and a cannonade from a park of field-pieces behind the breastwork. The very first cannon-shot killed Lieutenant-Col. Henry Merritt of the Twenty-third, the ball passmg through his body. As he fell he threw up his arms and said: O dear! O dear! Gen. Foster's line of battle was co
afterwards became colonel, and, for brave and meritorious services in the field, was commissioned by the President brigadier-general of volunteers. The Twenty-third Regiment was recruited at Lynnfield, and left the State for Annapolis, on the 11th of November, 1861. The Twenty-third was one of the five regiments of General Burnside's special command. The field officers were Colonel John Kurtz, of Boston, who commanded a company in the Thirteenth Regiment. The lieutenant-colonel was Henry Merritt, of Salem, who was killed in battle in North Carolina, March 14, 1862. The major was Andrew Elwell, of Gloucester, who was afterwards commissioned colonel. The Twenty-fourth Regiment was known as the New-England Guards Regiment. It was recruited by Colonel Thomas G. Stevenson, at Camp Massasoit, Readville, and left the State for Annapolis on the 9th of December, 1861, and formed part of General Burnside's command. The Twenty-fourth was one of the best regiments ever recruited in M
and 3,000 small arms. The Richmond Examiner said: The loss of an entire army at Roanoke Island is certainly the most fearful event of the war. The same regiments were engaged, with heavy losses, at New Berne (March 14). At this battle Lieut.-Col. Henry Merritt of Salem (23d Mass.) was killed, and Acting Adjt. Frazar A. Stearns (21st Mass.), son of the president of Amherst College. Seventeen members or graduates of the college fell in this battle; and in recognition of this a captured cannon, ed, a stone wall from which it could not be displaced. Sheridan himself said of him: I do not think there was a quality which I could have added to Lowell. He was the perfection of a man and of a soldier. Pond's Shenandoah Valley, p. 240. Gen. Merritt, commanding the First Cavalry division, wrote of him: His fall cast a gloom on the entire command. No one in the field appreciated his worth more than his division commander. He was wounded painfully in the early part of the day, soon after
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