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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 32 2 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 5 1 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Index (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 2 0 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 1: operations in Virginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. (search)
sed a secret flank movement with his entire corps present, on the National right, so as to fall upon Hooker's rear. Lee hesitated because he would have only the divisions of Anderson and McLaw s left to oppose both Hooker and Sedgwick, should the latter cross the river and attack. To thus divide his army in the Aldrich's Rouse this is a view of Aldrich's house, as it appeared when sketched by the writer, in June, 1866. it was used during the war as Headquarters by Generals Gregg and Merritt, and other officers of both armies. Near it the first skirmish at the opening of the battle of Chancellorsville occurred. It is rather a picturesque old mansion, .on the south side of the plank road, about two miles southeast from Chancellorsville. presence of superior numbers might imperil its existence; yet, so much did Lee lean upon Jackson as adviser and executor, that he consented and the bold movement was at once begun. With full twenty-five thousand men, Jackson turned off from
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 2: Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. (search)
rear of the Confederates, and at eleven o'clock, made a dash for the capture of their train. A heavy force of infantry was immediately sent to co-operate with some of Stuart's cavalry in confronting this new danger, when Generals Farnsworth and Merritt, acting as if they had heavy infantry supports, dashed forward over fences, and drove their foes back in much confusion. In the last of the charges by which the result was reached, Farnsworth was slain, and with him many of his brave men. The troops engaged in this affair, which greatly weakened the Confederate attack on Meade's lines, were the First; Vermont, First Virginia, and Eighteenth Pennsylvania cavalry. specially important were the services of Merritt and Farnsworth, of Kilpatrick's command, on the Confederate right, for they prevented Hood from turning Meade's left during the terrible battle on the afternoon of the 3d. July, 1868. both armies were severely shattered by losses and weakened by exhaustion, when the bat
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 3: political affairs.--Riots in New York.--Morgan's raid North of the Ohio. (search)
for the same point, for the purpose of a junction with the others, should cross at Germania Ford. Sykes's, followed by two divisions of Newton's, was to cross at Culpepper Mine Ford, and march for Parker's store and Hope Church, on the Orange plank road. The right and left columns of the army would thus be placed in close communication, on parallel roads. Gregg, with his cavalry, was to cross at Elly's Ford and take position on the extreme left; and to the cavalry divisions of Custer and Merritt was assigned the duty of watching the upper fords of the Rapid Anna and the trains at Richardsville. Meade had calculated the time of his march to the vicinity of Orange Court-House at not more than thirty-six hours, if all the prescribed movements should be made promptly. But the necessary conditions were not fulfilled. Instead of crossing the Rapid Anna that morning, and reaching Robertson's tavern and Parker's store that evening, so as to surprise the foe, nearly the whole day was c
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 10: the last invasion of Missouri.--events in East Tennessee.--preparations for the advance of the Army of the Potomac. (search)
t there, General Sedgwick, then in temporary command of the Army of the Potomac, in the absence of General Meade, made the diversion, in obedience to orders from Washington. He sent Kilpatrick's cavalry across the Rapid Anna at Elly's Ford, and Merritt's at Barnett's Ford, while two divisions of Hancock's infantry waded the stream at Germania Ford. These skirmished sharply with the Confederates, who stood unmoved in their position, and when the prescribed time for the execution of the raid haelle Isle, in the James River, in front of Richmond — circumstances which we shall consider hereafter. Kilpatrick left camp at three o'clock on Sunday morning, Feb. 28, 1864. with five thousand cavalry, picked from his own and the divisions of Merritt and Gregg, and crossing the Rapid Anna at Elly's Ford, swept around the right flank of Lee's army, by way of Spottsylvania Court-House, and pushing rapidly toward Richmond, struck the Virginia Central railway, at Beaver Dam Station, on the eveni
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 11: advance of the Army of the Potomac on Richmond. (search)
Fitz Hugh Lee that day), General Meade's cavalry escort blocked his way for nearly two hours. Two miles farther on, in the midst of a magnificent woods, and near a little tributary of the River Po, he was again impeded by the cavalry division of Merritt, which the day before had been fighting Stuart's cavalry, whom Lee had sent to hold the Brock road. There he was detained almost three hours, and when he was ready to advance it was daylight. The road was barricaded by heavy trees, which had he Wilderness, Sheridan was sent to cut Lee's communications. This was the first of the remarkable raids of that remarkable leader, in Virginia, and, though short, was a destructive one. He took with him a greater portion of the cavalry led by Merritt, Gregg, and Wilson, The dismounted men of the divisions of these leaders, and those whose horses were jaded, were left with the army to guard the trains. and cutting loose from the army, he swept over the Po and the Ta, In this region ther
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
, through which, alone, the Unionists, if beaten, might retreat. Averill had followed the Confederates closely from Bunker's Hill, and now formed a junction with Merritt's horsemen. These two powerful cavalry divisions enveloped Winchester on the east and north. Early's position compensated him, in a degree, for his inferiority their lines. This was followed by a rapid rallying of the broken columns, and re-forming of the National line, with Crook on the right, flanked by the cavalry of Merritt and Averill. This second line speedily advanced. Desperate fighting ensued, and continued until about four o'clock in the afternoon, when a loud shout was heard plainly seen, when the writer made the sketch, in October, 1866. right and rear of Emory. Kitching's division lay behind Crook's left. The cavalry divisions of Merritt and Custer were thrown out to guard the right, and Averill's (then under Powell) picketed the north fork of the Shenandoah from Cedar Creek to Front Royal. Str
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 20: Peace conference at Hampton Roads.--the campaign against Richmond. (search)
nt out two raids since he sent Early whirling up the Valley from Fisher's Hill. One, under General W. Merritt, started from Winchester on the 28th of November, 1864, passed through Ashby's Gap, by Midr-less morning, with about ten thousand men, composed of the First cavalry division, under General W. Merritt, and the Third cavalry division, under General George A. Custer. To the latter division wrd to the White Oak road, on his right, so as to be fully on the Confederate left, and directed Merritt to make a strong demonstration, as if about to turn the right of the adversary. At the same ticarried a portion of the line, and captured more than a thousand men and several battle-flags. Merritt, meanwhile, charged the front, and Griffin fell upon the left with such force that he carried tty in a most disorderly flight westward, pursued many miles, long after dark, by the cavalry of Merritt and McKenzie. Mr. Swinton, in his Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 600, says of Wa
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
Miles should assail the Confederate left. The latter did so before Barlow came up, and was repulsed with a loss of about six hundred men. Among the killed were General Smyth and Major Mills. Generals Mott, Madill, and McDougall were severely wounded; so also was Colonel Starbird of the Nineteenth Maine. When Barlow got into position it was too late to attack that night, and the assault was postponed until morning. On the same day Sheridan had dispatched two divisions of cavalry, under Merritt, to Prince Edward Court-House, to oppose the retreat, of Lee on Danville, and a third division, under Crook, was sent to Farmville, where it crossed with difficulty, the horsemen being compelled to ford the Appomattox. Pushing on toward the left of Humphreys, Crook fell upon a body of Confederate infantry guarding a train and was repulsed with the loss of General Gregg, commanding a brigade, who was captured. Just after the repulse of General Miles, Lee received a note from Grant, dated
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Articles of surrender of the army of Northern Virginia. (search)
fficers, will be allowed to accompany the officers, to be turned over at the end of the trip to the nearest United States quartermaster, receipts being taken for the same. Fourth. Couriers and mounted men of the artillery and cavalry, whose horses are their own private property, will be allowed to retain them. Fifth. The surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia shall be construed to include all the forces operating with that army on the 8th instant, the date of the commencement of negotiations for surrender, except such bodies of cavalry as actually made their escape previous to the surrender; and except, also, such pieces of artillery as were more than twenty (20) miles from Appomattox Courthouse at the time of the surrender on the 9th instant. J. Longstreet, Lieutenant General. J. B. Gordon, Major-General. W. N. Pendleton, Brig.-General and Ch. of Artillery. John Gibbon, Major-General Vols. Charles Griffin, Bvt. Maj.-General us. Vols. W. Merritt, Bvt. Major-General.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Two cavalry Chieftains. [New Orleans Picayune, August 12th, 1888.] (search)
the 8th of May, 1864, the Federal cavalry corps was concentrated near Fredericksburg, and on the morning of the 9th marched by Hamilton's Crossing to the Telegraph road, and moving to the right of General Lee's right flank, marched to Beaver Dam station on the Newport News and Mississippi Valley railroad, and from that point by the Louisa or Old Mountain Road, via Glen Allen, a station on the Fredericksburg railroad, to the Yellow Tavern. His command consisted of three divisions under Generals Merritt, Wilson, and Gregg, numbering, according to the official returns of the Federal army, dated May 1, 1864, 9,300 men in the saddle. His brigade commanders were Custer, Devins, Gibbs, Davies. J. Irvin Gregg, McIntosh, and Chapman. General Stuart followed these seven brigades of Sheridan with the three brigades of his command, viz: Lomax's and Wickham's of Fitz Lee's division, and a North Carolina brigade under General Gordon, making a total effective force of some 3,000 troopers. On
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