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hey sent a committee to interview the President, vented their hostility in spiteful reports and remonstrances, and prolonged their session by a recess. Nevertheless, so inveterate was their disloyalty and plotting against the authority of the Union, that four months later it became necessary to place the leaders under arrest, finally to head off their darling project of a Maryland secession ordinance. One additional incident of this insurrectionary period remains to be noticed. One John Merryman, claiming to be a Confederate lieutenant, was arrested in Baltimore for enlisting men for the rebellion, and Chief Justice Taney of the United States Supreme Court, the famous author of the Dred Scott decision, issued a writ of habeas corpus to obtain his release from Fort McHenry. Under the President's orders, General Cadwalader of course declined to obey the writ. Upon this, the chief justice ordered the general's arrest for contempt, but the officer sent to serve the writ was refus
hile he dealt deadly blows to the apologists of dissolution, he spoke cheering words of comfort and assurance to the friends of the Union. He was withering in his denunciation of rebellion, powerful in argument, ready and illustrative in anecdote, and fervid and glowing in eloquence.--Louisville Journal, May 28. Gen. Beauregard issued orders in Charleston, relinquishing command of the forces around Charleston to Col. R. II. Anderson.--Augusta Chronicle, May 28. In the case of John Merryman, a secessionist arrested in Baltimore and detained a prisoner in Fort McHenry, a writ of habeas corpus was issued by Judge Taney, made returnable this day in the United States District Court. Gen. Cadwallader declined surrendering the prisoner till he heard from Washington, and an attachment was issued for Gen. Cadwallader.--N. Y. Times, May 28. The United States steamer Brooklyn arrived off the Pass L'Outre bar at the mouth of the Mississippi, and commenced the blockade of that riv
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 18: the Capital secured.--Maryland secessionists Subdued.--contributions by the people. (search)
s seemed clear to the apprehension of the Government, and such were made on simply the warrant of the Secretary of State. These offenders were confined in Fort McHenry, at Baltimore; Fort Lafayette, near New York, and Fort Warren, in Boston harbor. Writs of habeas corpus were issued for their release. At first some of them were obeyed, but finally, by order of the Government, they were disregarded, and their issue ceased. The most notable of these cases, at the beginning, was that of John Merryman, a member of the Maryland Legislature, who was cast into Fort McHenry late in May. The Chief-Justice of the United States (R. B. Taney), residing in Baltimore, took action in the matter, but General Cadwalader, the commander of the department, refused to obey the mandates of this functionary, as well as that of the inferior judge, and the matter was dropped, excepting in the form of personal, newspaper, and legislative discussions of the subject, the chief questions at issue being, Whic
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 23: the War in Missouri.-doings of the Confederate Congress. --Affairs in Baltimore.--Piracies. (search)
iated by the wives and daughters of the Monumental City. Ex-Senator Mason made a speech on the occasion, in which the hopes of the conspirators concerning Maryland were set forth. Your own honored State, he said, is with us heart and soul in this great controversy. . . . We all know that the same spirit which brought you here actuates thousands who remain at home. He complimented Chief Justice Taney for his sympathies with the conspirators, as one (referring to his action in the case of Merryman See page 451.) who had stood bravely in the breach, and interposed the unspotted arm of Justice between the rights of the South and the malignant usurpation of power by the North. In conclusion, after hinting at a contemplated Confederate invasion of Maryland, in which the troops before him were expected to join, A correspondent of the Charleston Mercury, writing at Richmond, on the 4th of July, said:--Every thing depends upon the success and movements of General Johnston. If he has
bridge, and penned him in his shanty, it was about ten minutes past one o'clock; and that after cutting the telegraph wires, which took but a few minutes, they fired the bridges at about twenty or twenty-five minutes after one o'clock. As to who the party were, I cannot say; but a gentleman at Cockeysville said that a man named Philip Fendall (I think of the firm of Duvall, Keighler & Co.) was one of the party, but I am not prepared to say so positively. He is a cousin to the wife of John Merryman, now under arrest. Any thing further that I can do for you, I will do with great pleasure. Please excuse this hurried account of the affair, as Mr. Bryson is waiting. Your obedient servant, John H. Longnecker. I have not the slightest doubt that the destruction of the bridges referred to was an important part of the secession programme. The necessity of such a step, in furtherance of the evident designs of the secession leaders, must be apparent to all. It little becomes me,
tion of the writ was deemed necessary, but merely in certain cases of which the officer in command was, in the first instance, necessarily to judge, no notice was given that the writ would be suspended. Such a notice would have been out of place where the design was to suspend it in particular cases only, whose special circumstances could not in advance be known, and of course could not be stated in a notice. Under this authority, delegated to Gen. Cadwalader, a case occurred — that of John Merryman, of Maryland--in which that officer refused to obey such a writ issued by the Chief-Justice of the United States. That high officer has since filed his opinion, and has, it is said, caused a copy of the same, with all the proceedings, to be transmitted to the President, with whom, to use the words of the Chief-Justice, it will remain, in fulfilment of his constitutional obligations, to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, to determine what means he will take to cause the civi
yland, not subject to the rules and articles of war, not in a case arising in the land and naval forces, is seized in his own house — not by process of law, but by the arbitrary grasp of military power-and, torn from the side of his family, is borne to Fort McHenry, over which it had been invoked by Key that the flag of the free forever should wave. The aid of the highest privilege which freedom has yet conferred upon the citizen of a free country, was sought to vindicate the rights of Mr. Merryman, and the Chief-Justice of the United States, the pure-hearted and high-minded Roger B. Taney, issued the writ of habeas corpus, requiring the prisoner to be brought before him. The result of his interference has already become historical. The officer of the law found the portals of the fortress barred against him. He was denied admission, and it was told that the officer in command had suspended the writ of habeas corpus. Mr. Vallandigham then entered into a history of the writ of hab
history, by the glories of the past, and the hopes of the future. 5. Resolved, That every government having a written constitution for its guide, should strictly adhere to its very letter, and no emergency can justify its violation. That the frequent violations of the Constitution of the United States by the present Executive, and by those under his authority, deserve and should receive the unqualified condemnation of every American citizen. 6. Resolved, That the incarceration of John Merryman, George F. Kane, and others at Baltimore, by a military officer, in obedience to the command of the President, without color of law; the utter disregard of the writ of habeas corpus; and the contempt shown for the decision of the highest tribunal in our land, are acts of high-handed injustice and aggression which call for rebuke from every constitution-loving and law-abiding citizen. 7. Resolved, That the outrages attempted to be practised by the Superintendent of Police of New York c
Government itself, and gave all their powers to sustain the latter. President Lincoln now claims from all citizens the same loyalty as was evidenced in 1832, when the Government was wantonly assailed by rebellious men. The speaker alluded to the expressions made use of by secessionists in reference to subjugating and coercing States, and that it was unlawful, to imprison persons who were wanting in loyalty. He dissented in toto from the opinion of Chief-Justice Taney in the case of John Merryman, though having the utmost respect for the distinguished jurist. He referred to General Jackson's course in New Orleans, where, a large portion of the inhabitants being of French descent, he was apprehensive that they would not be as loyal as they should be, and had occasion to arrest one of them. After the retirement of the old hero to the Hermitage, all the leading men who previously had abused him without stint acknowledged that he had done right. So will it be with President Linc
e Treasury, Southern Confederacy, D. 17; speech of, in the Southern Congress, Feb. 9, Doc. 30 Memphis, Tenn., secession at, D. 4; Union meeting at, D. 7; American flag buried at, D. 85, P. 84; postal facilities with, suspended, D. 70 Merryman; John, arrested, D. 82; Taney's opinion in the caso of, D. 92 Mexico, troops of, to attack Texas, P. 26 Michigan, First Regiment, enters Alexandria, Va., D. 79; Third Regiment Volunteers, D. 102; exploit of the soldiers of, near Alext., U. S. A., D. 21 Talbot, William, of Md., D. 58 Taliafero, —, Gen., D. 36; Doc. 121 Tallmadge, Grier, Capt., U. S. A. D. 76; Doc. 296 Taney, Chief Justice, at the inauguration of Lincoln, D. 18; his opinion in the case of John Merryman, D. 82, 92; statement in the case of Gen. Cadwallader, Doc. 301 Tappan, M. W., Col. First Regt. N. H. troops, D. 82; Doc. 294 Tappen, Charles B., D. 39 Tariff, the, Int. 27 Tarr, Campbell, Doc. 328 Tarring and feather
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