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mong the oldest records existing, we have proof of what we have said, as follows:-- The first Monday of February, in the year of our Lord 1677, Goodman John Hall was chosen Constable by the inhabitants of Meadford for the year ensuing. Joseph Wade, John Hall, and Stephen Willis, were chosen Selectmen for ordering of the affairs of the plantation for the year ensuing. John Whitmore, Daniel Woodward, Jacob Chamberlain, John Hall, jun., Edward Walker, Walter Cranston, Patrick Hay, Andrew Mitchell, and Thomas Fillebrown, jun., took the oath of fidelity. Joseph Wade, Town-clerk. This was probably the simple organization of the civil government of Medford soon after our ancestors found themselves planted in their new homes. A more complex form of municipal agencies was not needed; especially as the celebrated Rev. James Noyes preached here a year, and established that church discipline which, in those days, took care of every body and every thing. March 8, 1631: It is orde
10d. During these years, Cambridge was paying £ 40; Woburn, £ 25; Malden, £ 16; and Charlestown, £ 60. A county-tax of £ 1. 13s. 9d., levied on Meadford, Jan. 17, 1684, was paid by the inhabitants as follows:--  £s.d. Capt. Jonathan Wade064 Capt. Nathaniel Wade043 John Hall033 Caleb Brooks0111 Thomas Willis037 Stephen Willis0110 Peter Tufts, jun.034 Stephen Francis0110 John Whitmore017 Gershom Swan015 Isaac Fox0011 John Bradshor008 Jonathan Tufts0010 Daniel Woodward008 Andrew Mitchell008 Roger Scott007 Edward Walker008 Jacob Chamberlain008 Joseph Baker008    £1158 The excess raised in this tax, over the sum required, was to pay the collector. The valuation of live-stock, for rates in Medford, at this time, were the following: Oxen, four years and upwards, in 1677, £ 3; in 1687, £ 5. Horses, three years and upwards, in 1677, £ 3; in 1687, £ 5. Cows and bulls, four years old, in 1677, £ 2; in 1687, £ 3. Sheep, above one year old, in 1677, 5s. eac
irs in Clinton to Lords of Trade, 1 October, 1751. and converted their trading-house at Niagara into a fortress; Clinton to De la Jonquiere, 12 June, 1751. De la Jonquiere to Clinton, 10 August. Alexander's Remarks on the Letters, sent to Dr. Mitchell. they warned the governor of Pennsylvania, La Jonquiere to Governor Hamilton, of Pennsylvania, 6 June, 1751. that the English never should make a treaty in the basin of the chap. IV.} 1751. Ohio; they sent troops to prevent the intended cief of the whole confederacy, was taken captive, and, after the manner of savages, was sacrificed and eaten. Lieut. Gov. Dinwiddie to Lords of Trade, Dec., 1752. Message from the Twightwees to the Gov. of Pennsylvania. Indian Treaties, 19. Mitchell's Contest in America, 221, where the date is 1751, instead of 1752. Dr. Wm. Clarke's Observations, 9. When William Trent, the messenger of Virginia, proceeded from the council-fires at Logstown to the village of Picqua, he found it deserted,
eserved purpose of asserting his self-will, which doomed him in a universe of change to oppose reform, and struggle continuously, though hopelessly, against the slow but resistless approaches of popular power. Our young man, Holdernesse to Mitchell. wrote Holdernesse, one of the secretaries of state, shows great attention to his affairs, and an earnest desire of being truly informed of the state of them. He is patient and diligent in business, and gives evident marks of perspicuity and good sense. Nothing can be more amiable, more virtuous, or better disposed, than our present monarch, reported Barrington, Lord Barrington to Sir Andrew Mitchell, 5 Jan., 1761, in the British Museum. the secretary at war, but a few weeks later; he applies himself thoroughly to his affairs, and understands them astonishingly well. chap. XVII.} 1760. Nov. His faculties seem to me equal to his good intentions. A most uncommon attention, a quick and just conception, great mildness, great civil
continue to hold him in check. But the chivalric Czar, indignant at the perfidy, inclosed Gallitzin's despatch to Frederic himself, Histoire de la Guerre de Sept Ans, chap. 15. But compare the denial, in Adolphus: Hist., i. 80, and Bute to Mitchell, in Appendix to Adolphus, i. 587. and hastening to reconcile his empire with his illustrious friend, restored all the conquests that had been made from the kingdom to that prince, settled with him a peace including a guaranty of Silesia, and find Russia from an enemy into an ally, while England had a new enemy in Spain, and a dependent in Portugal, gave a plausible reason for discontinuing the grant to Prussia. Still the subsidy was promised; but the condition of the bounty Bute to Mitchell, 9 April, 1762. of this nation, wrote Bute, at the king's command, is the employment of it towards the procurement of peace, not the continuance of chap. XIX.} 1762. war. This Englishman, said Frederic, thinks that money does every thing, and
e been no more than a moderate distinction for merit far inferior to his own. Besides, he was too much shattered to lead the Commons; and if the King should grow weary of his counsels, he might wish secure dignity for his age. De Guerchy to Choiseul, 19 Dec. 1766. But in ceasing to be the Great Commoner, he veiled his superiority; and made a confession of the utter ruin of his health. My friend, said Frederic of Prussia on hearing of it, has harmed himself by accepting a Peerage. Andrew Mitchell to Chatham, 17 Sept. 1766; Chat. Corr. III. 70. It argues, said the King of Poland, a senselessness to glory to forfeit the name of Pitt for any title. Charles Lee to King of Poland, 1 Dec. 1766; Lee's Life, 187. The strength of the Administration, thought all his colleagues, lay in his remaining with the Commons. There was but one voice among us, said Grafton, nor indeed throughout the Kingdom. Grafton's Autobiography. The lion Chap. XXVI.} 1766. July. had left the forest, wh
o the nation to suffer Acts of the British Parliament to be broken with impunity. R. Nugent, 13 Dec. 1766, to a Gentleman in Boston, printed in Boston Gazette, 2 March, 1767; Diary of Oakes Angier. He did not fear to flatter the prejudices of the King, and court the favor of Grenville and Bedford; for he saw that Chatham, who had declared to all the world, that his great point was to destroy faction, was incurring the hatred of every branch of the aristocracy. Lord Barrington to Sir Andrew Mitchell, 14 Dec. 1766. Eight or nine Chesterfield to Stanhope, 9 Dec. 1766. Whigs resigned their employments, on account of his headstrong removal of Lord Edgecombe from an unimportant post. Charles Townshend to Grafton, 2 Nov. 1766, in Grafton's Autobiography; Conway to Chatham, 22 Nov. 1766, Chat. Corr. III. 126. Saunders and Keppel left the Admiralty, and Keppel's place fell to Jenkinson. The Bedford party knew the weakness of the English Ximenes, and scorned to accept his moderate