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Battles and leaders of the Civil War. neutralized the action of Hood's infantry Division of Longstreet's corps by bold use of mounted and dismounted men, contributing in no small degree to the Federal success. In the West, during the same period, the cavalry conditions were not unlike those in the East, except that the field of operations extended over five States instead of two and that numerous bands of independent cavalry or mounted riflemen under enterprising leaders like Forrest, Morgan, Wharton, Chalmers, and Wheeler of the Confederate army, for two years had their own way. The Union generals, Lyon, Sigel, Pope, Rosecrans, and others, loudly called for more cavalry, or in lieu thereof, for horses to mount infantry. Otherwise, they agreed, it was difficult to oppose the frequent raids of the enemy on communications and supply trains. Ultimately, Generals Grant and Rosecrans initiated a system of cavalry concentration under Granger and Stanley, and greater efficiency bec
alry. It was not yet organized. A few detached bands here and there — the Clarke company at the bridge over the Shenandoah River near Harper's Ferry, Ashby's company at the bridge over the Potomac River at the Point of Rocks, and Drake's company at the bridge at Brunswick — were operating along the first Confederate line of defense. But they had already begun to demonstrate their daring and effectiveness. This was the prelude to the bold rides of Stuart and Forrest, to the swift raids of Morgan and the terror-inspiring Mosby. It was acts like this that hampered the Union leaders, and detained an army between Washington and the Confederates. Not until the Union cavalry had learned to retaliate, and to meet and fight the exhausted Confederate horsemen on their own ground and in their own way, did the Union generals get complete possession of their infantry. ordered the Federals to pull down the fence at once, which they did. The cavalry rode into their midst, and without the firi
nst Vicksburg at the critical time when the latter was preparing to cross the Mississippi River near Grand Gulf. In its entirety, the Grierson raid was probably the most successful operation of its kind during the Civil War. The appearance of Morgan's men on the north bank of the Ohio River (July, 1863) created great consternation in Indiana and Ohio. The Governor of Indiana called out the Home guards to the number of fifty thousand, and as Morgan's advance turned toward Ohio, the Governor Morgan's advance turned toward Ohio, the Governor of the Buckeye State called out fifty thousand Home guards from his State. At Corydon, Indiana, the Home guards gave the invaders a brisk little battle, and delayed their advance for a brief time. On July 1, 1864, General A. J. Smith assembled a large force at La Grange, Tennessee, for a raid on Tupelo, Mississippi, in which a cavalry division under General Grierson took a prominent part in defeating the formidable General Forrest as he had probably never been defeated before. The raid
or Hood, can beat to the Ohio. This was the voicing of the Union general's fear in December, 1864, that Hood would cross the Cumberland River in the vicinity of Nashville and repeat Bragg's march to the Ohio. A cavalry corps was stationed near the Louisville and Nashville Railroad fortified bridge, and a regiment of pickets kept guard along the banks of the stream, while on the water, gunboats, ironclads, and tin-clads kept up a constant patrol. The year before the Confederate raider, John H. Morgan, had evaded the Union guards of the Cumberland and reached the border of Pennsylvania, before he was forced to surrender. On December 8th a widespread report had the Confederates across the Cumberland, but it proved that only a small detachment had been sent out to reconnoiter — sufficient, however, to occasion Grant's telegram. Note the huge gates at the end of the bridge ready to be rushed shut in a moment. The valley of the Cumberland, from the top of the Nashville military acade
federate irregular cavalry, the names of Turner Ashby, John H. Morgan, and John S. Mosby stand in a class by themselves. Th whose death created a greater loss to the South than John Hunt Morgan. He was a slightly older man than Ashby and had seend a man of no mean ability as a tactician and strategist. Morgan's men were picked for their daring and their horsemanship,lesh of the Union commanders. Starting before daybreak, Morgan and his troopers would rush along through the day, scarcelnts were being passed through the Federal lines. By dawn, Morgan and his weary horsemen would have safely regained their owt the spot where the unexpected night raid had been made. Morgan's famous raid through the State of Ohio exerted a moral anh was felt throughout the entire North. On their raids, Morgan's men were usually accompanied by an expert telegraph operph office on the railroad communications of the General John H. Morgan, C. S. A. Morgan was a partisan leader who diff
. Custer alertly surveys his chief. But Sheridan, his hand clenched beside him, still gazes resolutely at the camera. These were the leaders who stood between the Confederate army and Washington, the capture of which might have meant foreign intervention. No war of modern times has produced so many able cavalry leaders as the so-called War of Secession. Sheridan, Stuart, Buford, Gregg, Wilson, Merritt, Fitz Lee, Pleasonton, Hampton, Lomax, Butler, Wheeler, Custer, Forrest, Grierson, Morgan, Kilpatrick, and others, have written their names on the roll of fame in letters of fire alongside those of Seydlitz and Ziethen of the Old World. Of the group mentioned who have crossed the river a few pen portraits by friendly hands, and true to the life, are here presented. More or less personal sketches of famous Cavalry leaders will be found in other chapters of this volume and in the volume to be devoted to biography. General Philip Sheridan with General Sheridan in Lee's la
ervesCrawford'sFifth1,16516213.9 63d PennsylvaniaBirney'sThird1,34118613.8 5th VermontGetty'sSixth1,53321313.8 6th IowaCorse'sSixteenth1,10215213.7 155th New YorkGibbon'sSecond83011413.7 49th OhioT. J. Wood'sFourth1,46820213.7 Confederate generals killed in battle group no. 7 Brigadier-generals Abner Perrin Spotsylvania May 12, 1864. W. E. Jones, Piedmont June 5. 1864. George doles, Bethesda Church May 30, 1864. Robert H. Anderson, Antietam October 6, 1862. John H. Morgan, Greenville September 4, 1864. John R. Chambliss, Jr., Deep Bottom August 16, 1864. Junius Daniel, Spotsylvania died May 13, 1864. James B. Gordon, Yellow Tavern May 11, 1864. J. C. Saunders, Weldon Railroad August 21, 1864. Micah Jenkins, Wilderness May 6, 1864. C. H. Stevens, Peach tree Creek July 20, 1864. Samuel Benton, Esra Church July 29, 1864. Some casualties of Confederate regiments General Marcus J. Wright, Confederate States Army At the time when Lieuten
an Grimes led a division in the Army of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan was born in Huntsville, Alabama, June 1, 1826. He served in did scouting duty, and, as colonel, organized three cavalry companies known as Morgan's Squadron, which operated in Tennessee and Kentucky and fought at Shiloh. Hisd of his men, hemmed in by Shackelton and Hobson, were forced to surrender, but Morgan escaped. At last he was captured by Shackelton at New Lisbon, July 26, 1863, be was put at the head of the Department of Southwestern Virginia. Late in May, Morgan, with a few followers, went over into Kentucky, making a raid upon Lexington an Frankfort, but Burbridge struck him a severe blow at Cynthiana, June 12th, and Morgan lost seven hundred men and one thousand horses. The early part of September fown was surprised and surrounded by Gillem's troops, and in attempting to escape Morgan was shot and killed September 4, 1864. Major-General Lafayette McLaws (U
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), General officers of the Confederate Army: a full roster compiled from the official records (search)
y 11, 1861. McGowan, S., Jan. 17, 1863. McIntosh, James, Jan. 21, 1862. McNair, Evander, Nov. 4, 1862. McRae, Dandridge, Nov. 5, 1862. Mackall, Wm. W., Feb. 27, 1862. Major, James P., July 21, 1863. Maney, George, April 16, 1862. Manigault, A. M., April 26, 1863. Marshall, H., Oct. 30, 1861. Martin, James G., May 15, 1862. Maxey, S. B., Mar. 4, 1862. Mercer, Hugh W., Oct. 29, 1861. Moody, Young M., Mar. 4, 1865. Moore, John C., May 26, 1862. Moore, P. T., Sept. 20, 1864. Morgan, John H., Dec. 11, 1862. Morgan, John T., June 6, 1863. Mouton, Alfred, April 16, 1862. Nelson, Allison, Sept. 12, 1862. Nicholls, F. T., Oct. 14, 1862. O'Neal, Ed. A., June 6, 1863. Parsons, M. M., Nov. 5, 1862. Paxton, E. F., Nov. 1, 1861. Peck, Wm. R., Feb. 18, 1865. Pegram, John, Nov. 7, 1862. Pendleton, W. N., Mar. 26, 1862. Perrin, Abner, Sept. 10, 1863. Perry, Ed. A., Aug. 28, 1862. Perry, Wm. F., Feb. 21, 1865. Pettigrew, J. J., Feb. 26, 1862. Pettus, E. W., Sept. 18, 1863
rigades. They had been on detached service, and were much reduced in numbers. Among the troopers who assembled there was the remnant of the command which had spread terror north of the Ohio, under the command of their dauntless leader, General John Hunt Morgan. Their present chief, worthy to be the successor of that hero, was General Basil Duke. Among the atrocious, cowardly acts of vindictive malice which marked the conduct of the enemy, none did or could surpass the brutality with which the dying and dead body of Morgan was treated. Hate, the offspring of fear, they might feel for the valorous soldier while he lived, but even the ignoble passion, vengeance, might have been expected to stop when life was extinct. On April 13, 1865, General Johnston wrote to General Sherman as follows: The results of the recent campaign in Virginia have changed the relative military condition of the belligerents. I am therefore induced to address you, in this form, the inquiry whether, to
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