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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Anti-Masonic party. (search)
Anti-Masonic party. In 1826 William Morgan, a citizen of western New York, announced his intention to publish a book in which the secrets of freemasonry were to be disclosed. It was printed at Batavia, N. Y. On Sept. 11 Morgan was seized at BatMorgan was seized at Batavia, upon a criminal charge, by a company of men who came from Canandaigua. He was taken to that place, tried and acquitted on the criminal charge, but was immediately arrested on a civil process for a trifling debt. He was cast into jail there, aiver, and deposited in the powder magazine there. It was known that the freemasons had made violent attempts to suppress Morgan's announced book, and this outrage was charged upon the fraternity. A committee was appointed, at a public meeting held Virginia, was nominated for the office of President of the United States. Although the party polled a considerable vote, it soon afterwards disappeared. The fate of Morgan after he reached the magazine at Fort Niagara was never positively revealed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morgan, William 1775- (search)
Morgan, William 1775- Freemason; born in Culpeper county, Va., in 1775; died by violence, Sept. 19, 1826. Was in the battle of New Orleans; and was a brewer in Toronto, Canada, in 1821. He was a resident, in 1826, of Batavia, N. Y., where he was seized, carried to Fort Niagara, and, as many persons have since believed, was drowned in Lake Ontario, because it was reported that he was about to publish an exposure of the secrets of Freemasonry. This affair created intense excitement and a new political party. See Anti-Masonic party.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nominating conventions, National (search)
home conventions, but John C. Calhoun, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and John Quincy Adams also had home support, and entered the field, leaving Crawford away out of sight in the race. In 1828 local conventions multiplied, and the spirit of the movement manifested itself when (Sept. 16, 1831) the United States Anti-masonic Convention met at Baltimore and nominated William Wirt for the Presidency (see Anti-Masonic party). That was the time of the excitement in relation to the abduction of William Morgan, and the anti-masons made the first great move. Then the National Republican (Adams's and Clay's) party met as such for the first and last time at Baltimore, Dec. 12, 1831, and Henry Clay was nominated. In the same city, in the spring of 1832, the Democrats held their first national convention, and nominated Jackson and Van Buren. From that campaign date the national political conventions in the United States, which have become such an important factor in our politics. See United Sta
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Posey, Thomas 1750- (search)
Posey, Thomas 1750- Military officer; born in Virginia, July 9, 1750; removed to western Virginia in 1769, and was quartermaster to Lewis's division in Dunmore's army in 1774. He raised a company in Virginia, and assisted in the defeat of Dunmore at Gwyn's Island. He joined Washington, in New Jersey, early in 1777; was transferred to Morgan's rifle regiment, and with it did valuable service on Bemis's Heights and at Saratoga. He commanded the regiment in the spring of 1778, and was finally placed in command of a battalion of Febiger's regiment, under Wayne, participating in the capture of Stony Point in July, 1779, where he was one of the first to enter the works. Colonel Posey was at the surrender of Yorktown, and was afterwards with Wayne until the evacuation of Savannah, in 1782. In February, 1793, he was made brigadier-general; settled in Kentucky; became State Senator and lieutenant-governor; was major-general of Kentucky levies in 1809; and United States Senator in 181
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quebec. (search)
ried the news of their advent into Quebec created great consternation there. He said, in French, that they were vetu en toile—clothed in linen cloth—referring to Morgan's riflemen in their linen frocks. The last word was mistaken for tole-iron plate—and the message created a panic. Detained by the storm, Arnold crossed the rive Lamb had to leave his artillery behind and join the fighters with small-arms. At a narrow pass Arnold was wounded in the leg and carried back to the hospital. Morgan took the command. A party of the Americans near Palace Gate were captured. The remainder fought desperately until ten o'clock, when Morgan, having lost full 100Morgan, having lost full 100 men, was compelled to surrender. A reserve force of Arnold's division had retreated, and these were soon joined by the forces of Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell. So ended the siege of Quebec. The whole loss of the Americans in the assault, killed, wounded, and prisoners, was about 400; that of the British was only about twenty ki<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Southern army, the Continental (search)
supply the treasury. North Carolina used its feeble resources to the same end. Drafts and recruits, and one whole battalion, came forward; and as Cornwallis retired General Gates advanced, first to Salisbury, and then to Charlotte, where General Greene took the command (Dec. 2). On the following day Gates departed for the headquarters of Washington to submit to an inquiry into his conduct at Camden. Greene found the troops in a wretched condition —clothes in tatters, insufficient food, pay in arrears producing discontent, and not a dollar in the military chest. Subsistence was obtained only by impressment. But he showed his usual energy and prepared for active operations even with such unpromising materials, arranging the army in two divisions, and posting the main body at Cheraw, east of the Pedee; while Morgan and others were sent to take possession of the country near the junction of the Pacolet and Broad rivers. See Gates, Horatio; Greene, Nathanael. Southern Confederac
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stoneman, George 1822-1894 (search)
as divided. One of his brigades reached Atlanta without much loss; another was dispersed, and the remainder, 1,000 strong, led by Stoneman himself, were surrounded by Iverson, and 700 of them made prisoners. The remainder escaped. Iverson had only about 500 men. Late in 1864 General Stoneman took command in east Tennessee, and concentrated the forces of Gillem and Burbridge at Bean's Station. He moved towards Bristol (Dec. 12), where his advance struck a force under Basil Duke, one of Morgan's officers, near Kingsport, dispersed them, and captured their trains and eightyfour of their men. He menaced the salt-works at Saltville, in southwestern Virginia. General Gillem was very active in that region, and Stoneman proceeded to destroy the salt-works. Breckinridge, who was defending them, was driven over the mountains, and they were laid waste. Late in the winter Stoneman, who had returned to Knoxville, was ordered to make a cavalry raid into South Carolina, in aid of Sherman's m
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Tennessee, (search)
engagement, captured some of his antagonists and drove Van Dorn beyond the Duck River. He returned to Murfreesboro with nearly 100 prisoners, with a loss of ten men killed and wounded. On March 18, Col. A. S. Hall with 1,400 men was attacked by Morgan, the guerilla, and 2,000 men at Milton, 12 miles from Murfreesboro. With the aid of Harris's battery, in a three hours struggle Hall repulsed Morgan, who lost 300 or 400 men killed and wounded. Early in April, Gen. Gordon Granger was in commandMorgan, who lost 300 or 400 men killed and wounded. Early in April, Gen. Gordon Granger was in command at Franklin, building a fort near. He had about 5,000 troops. Van Dorn attacked him there (April 10) with 9,000 Confederates. The latter intended if successful to push on and seize Nashville, but he was repulsed with a loss of about 300 men. Rosecrans sent Col. Abdel D. Streight (q. v.) on an extensive raid in Alabama and Georgia in April and May, which resulted in the capture of the leader and his men. Late in November, 1863, Gen. Sherman (q. v.) arrived in the neighborhood of Chattanoo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
s......March 14, 1826 During the debate on the Panama congress in the Senate, John Randolph refers to the coalition of Adams and Clay as that of the Puritan and the blackleg. A duel followed between Clay and Randolph......April 8, 1826 First session adjourns......May 22, 1826 John Adams, born in Braintree, Mass., Oct. 19, 1735, and Thomas Jefferson, born in Monticello, Va., April 2, 1743, die on the fiftieth anniversary of American independence......July 4, 1826 Abduction of William Morgan from Canandaigua, N. Y.......Sept. 12, 1826 [Gave rise to a political party—the anti-Masonic—that became national in importance, though short-lived.] Convention with Great Britain concerning indemnities for the War of 1812-14......Nov. 13, 1826 Second session convenes......Dec. 4, 1826 Congress makes an appropriation for the payment of Revolutionary and other pensions......Jan. 29, 1827 Nineteenth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1827 General Gaines ordered into the Cree
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
ct. 26, 1825 First boat, Seneca Chief, conveying the governor and others, passes from Lake Erie to the Hudson, and reaches New York City. Grand celebration......Nov. 4, 1825 Delaware and Hudson Canal commenced......1826 Abduction of William Morgan from Canandaigua......Sept. 12, 1826 Thurlow Weed edits the Anti-masonic Enquirer, at Rochester, N. Y.......1826-27 Owing to Morgan's abduction, a county convention at Le Roy, Genesee county, begins the anti-masonic movement......1827 Morgan's abduction, a county convention at Le Roy, Genesee county, begins the anti-masonic movement......1827 Journal of commerce started in New York City......1827 Gov. De Witt Clinton dies suddenly at Albany, aged fifty-nine......Feb. 11, 1828 Nathaniel Pitcher, acting governor......1828 Oswego Canal finished......1828 Martin Van Buren elected governor; resigns......March 12, 1829 Enos T. Throop, acting governor......1829 Manufacture of brick by machinery successfully begun in New York......1829 John Jay dies at Bedford, Westchester county......May 17, 1829 Sam Patch jumps from