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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 22: prisoners.-benevolent operations during the War.--readjustment of National affairs.--conclusion. (search)
. --a depravity which culminated after a career of two hundred years or more, in what Blackstone declares to be the sum of all wickedness denounced in the Decalogue, namely, treason. Proofs from ten thousand tongues certify and justify the conclusions of a National Senator (Howard), who, while holding in his hand the report of a Committee appointed by the United States Sanitary Commission in May, 1864, This Committee was composed of Doctors Valentine Mott and Edward Delafield, and Gouverneur Morris. Wilkins, of New York, and Doctor Ellerslie Wallace, Hon. John J. Clark Hare, and Rev. Treadwell Walden of Philadelphia. They were appointed by the Commission for ascertaining, by inquiry and investigation, the true physical condition of prisoners recently discharged, by exchange, from confinement at Richmond and elsewhere within the rebel lines; whether they did, in fact, during such confinement, suffer materially for want of food, or from its defective quality, or from other privatio
should be permanent, will render the number of representatives excessive. Mr. Sherman and Mr. Madison moved to insert the words not exceeding before the words one for every forty thousand inhabitants. which was agreed to nem. con. Mr. Gouverneur Morris moved to insert free before the word inhabitants. Much, he said, would depend on this point. lie never could concur in upholding Domestic Slavery. It was a nefarious institution. It was the curse of heaven on the States where it prevaed to commit the clause, that slaves might be made liable to an equal tax with other imports; which he thought right, and which would remove one difficulty that had been started. Mr. Rutledge seconded the motion of General Pinckney. Mr. Gouverneur Morris wished the whole subject to be committed, including the clause relating to taxes on exports, and the navigation act. These things may form a bargain among the Northern and Southern States. Mr. Butler [of South Carolina] declared that h
nsurmountable obstacles to such a reference, he would move that the memorial be read, and that the prayer of the memorialists be rejected. The question being demanded on Mr. Buchanan's motion, it was carried by the decisive vote of 34 to 6. Mr. Morris, of Ohio, soon after presented similar memorials from his State; whereupon Mr. Calhoun raised the question of reception, declaring that the petitions just read contained a gross, false, and malicious slander on eleven States represented on this 35, Nays 10, as follows: Yeas: Messrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Clay, Clayton, Crittenden, Davis, Ewing of Illinois, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsborough, Grundy, Hendricks, Hill, Hubbard, Kent, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, Knight, Linn, McKean, Morris, Naudain, Niles, Prentiss, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, Wright. Nays: Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Cuthbert, Leigh, Moore, Nicholas, Porter, Preston, Walker, White. In the Hous
A rebel force, then holding Grafton, which connected the branch aforesaid with the main or Wheeling division of the railroad, had meditated a descent on Wheeling; but, finding themselves anticipated and outnumbered, they obstructed and destroyed the railroad west of them, so that the Unionists did not reach Grafton till the morning of the 30th. On the 31st, both tracks having been repaired, a force of seven or eight thousand men was collected at this point, under the immediate command of Gen. Morris; the Rebels having been pushed back, without resistance, to Philippi, the capital of Barbour county, some fifteen miles southward, and entirely off the line of the railroad. From this place, Col. G. A. Porterfield, as commander of the Virginia Rebel forces, issued the following proclamation: fellow-citizens: I am in your section of Virginia, in obedience to the legally constituted authorities thereof, with the view of protecting this section of the State from invasion by foreign forc
. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Sedgwick, Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sherman, Sloan, Spaulding, Stevens, Benj. F. Thomas, Train, Van Horne, Verree, Wallace, Charles W. Walton, E. P. Walton, Wheeler, Albert S. White, and Windom--60. Nays--Messrs. Allen, Ancona, Joseph Baily, George H. Browne, Burnett, Calvert, Cox, Cravens, Crisfield, Crittenden, Diven, Dunlap, Dunn, English, Fouke, Grider, Haight, Hale, Harding, Holman, Horton, Jackson, Johnson, Law, May, McClernand, McPherson, Mallory, Menzies, Morris, Noble, Norton, Odell, Pendleton, Porter, Reid, Robinson, James S. Rollins, Sheil, Smith, John B. Steele, Stratton, Francis Thomas, Vallandigham, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Webster, and Wickliffe--48. The bill, thus amended, being returned to the Senate, Mr. Trumbull moved a concurrence in the house amendment, which prevailed by the following vote: Yeas--Messrs. Anthony, Bingham, Browning, Clark, Collamer, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harris, King, Lane, of Ind.
y, 412. Moore, Gov. Thos. O., of La., calls a Secession Convention, 348. Moore, Col., (Rebel,) killed at Bull Run, 545. Morehead, Charles S., 509; 614. more, Hannah, her opinion of Oglethorpe, 32. Morgan, Capt. John, 597 ; 614. Morris, Gouverneur, 43 to 45. Morris, Isaac N., of 11., 375. Morrison, Capt. J. J., surrenders the cutter Cass to the Rebels, 413. Morse, Prof. Samuel F. B., 439. Mount Oread, Kansas, seized by the Border Ruffians, 243. Mouton, Mr., of LaMorris, Isaac N., of 11., 375. Morrison, Capt. J. J., surrenders the cutter Cass to the Rebels, 413. Morse, Prof. Samuel F. B., 439. Mount Oread, Kansas, seized by the Border Ruffians, 243. Mouton, Mr., of La., withdraws from the Democratic Convention, 314. Mullins, Mr., of S. C., Secession speech of, 335. Mulligan, Col., is besieged in Lexington, 586; his report of the siege, 583-9. N. Napoleon, Ark., seizure of the Arsenal at, 488. Napoleon Bonaparte, acquires Louisiana of Spain, 54; sells it to the United States, 56; his rapacity compared with the Ostend Manifesto. 275. Nashville Banner, The, citation from, 349. Nashville Gazette, The, extract from, 484. Nashville, the priv
and its ratification. Other writers, who have examined the subject since the late war gave it an interest which it had never commanded before, have collected such an array of evidence in this behalf that it is necessary only to cite a few examples. The following language of Gerry of Massachusetts in the convention of 1787, has already been referred to: If nine out of thirteen States can dissolve the compact, six out of nine will be just as able to dissolve the new one hereafter. Gouverneur Morris, one of the most pronounced advocates of a strong central government in the convention, said: He came here to form a compact for the good of Americans. He was ready to do so with all the States. He hoped and believed they all would enter into such a compact. If they would not, he would be ready to join with any States that would. But, as the compact was to be voluntary, it is in vain for the Eastern States to insist on what the Southern States will never agree to. Madison Papers, p
Debates, Vol. V, p. 266. James Wilson of Pennsylvania said sovereignty is in the people before they make a Constitution, and remains in them, and described the people as being thirteen independent sovereignties. Ibid., Vol. II, p. 443. Gouverneur Morris, who was, as well as Wilson, one of the warmest advocates in the convention of a strong central government, spoke of the Constitution as a compact, and of the parties to it as each enjoying sovereign power. See Life of Gouverneur Morris,Gouverneur Morris, Vol. III, p. 193. Roger Sherman of Connecticut declared that the government was instituted by a number of sovereign States. See Writings of John Adams, Vol. VII, letter of Roger Sherman. Oliver Ellsworth of the same state spoke of the states as sovereign bodies. See Elliott's Debates, Vol. II, p. 197. These were all eminent members of the convention which formed the Constitution. There was scarcely a statesman of that period who did not leave on record expressions of the same sort.
er 10: A recapitulation remarkable propositions of Gouverneur Morris in the convention of 1787, and their fate further testimonythe 17th of July, this proposition being under consideration, Gouverneur Morris moved that the words national Legislature be stricken out, ancentralism in the convention. Now, it is not at all certain that Morris had in view an election by the citizens of the United States in the and received the approval of only one state—Pennsylvania, of which Morris and Wilson were both representatives. Nine states voted against it the Constitution by conventions of the people of each state, Gouverneur Morris—as we learn from Madison—moved that the reference of the plan of the latter is briefly recorded in the two words, not seconded. Morris was a man of distinguished ability, great personal influence, and ustates into one consolidated mass —unless it was suggested by Gouverneur Morris in the proposition above referred to, in which he stood alon
Position of neutrality, 355-61. Seizure of Camp Jackson, 356-58. Attempts for peace, 358-60, 362-63. Assembling of volunteers, 363-64. Skirmishes, 364-65. Ordinance of secession, 370-71. Compromise, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10-12, 23, 25, 28, 59, 71. Monroe, Judge, 342. Montgomery, General, 370. Convention, 197. Constitution adopted, 197. Election of officers, 197. Moore, Dr. L. P. Surgeon general of Confederacy, 268-69. Morehead, —, 344. Morgan, John H., 342, 351. Morris, Gouverneur, 117, 123. Proposed method of presidential election, 135-36. Island, 243. Motley, John Lothrop, 112, 113, 119. Extract from letter to London times, 110-11. Remarks on sovereignty, 121-22, 127. Munford, Col. George W., 231. Extract from letter of Judge Campbell, 232, 233. Musser, Col. R. H., 369. Myers, Col. A. C. Quartermaster general of Confederacy, 268. N Nashville Convention of 1849, 198. Nebraska, 24. Settlement, 26. Nelson, Judge, 231, 232, 2
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