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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The siege of Morris Island. (search)
the Navy gave him to understand that if these things were accomplished, the iron-clads would go in and finish what remained to be done in the capture of Charleston. General Gillmore reached Hilton Head on the 12th of June, 1863, at which time we had a small force on Folly Island, holding it as a base of future operations. The General immediately proceeded hither to examine the situation. From the jungles on the north end of the island he looked across the inlet on to the sand-hills of Morris, crowned with Confederate guns. From where he stood Sumter was in plain view. He saw everything with the eye of a practical engineer, and decided at a glance where to erect his batteries, and the use he would make of them. Necessity compelled their erection within a few hundred yards of a vigilant enemy; discovery would defeat the enterprise. The engineers were immediately set to work, and a dense thicket served to conceal our operations. The laborers, materials, guns, and, in fact, eve
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The battle of Beverly ford. (search)
near St. James' Church, as described by Major McClellan. St. James' Church was a modest sanctuary, suggesting the time when the woods were the first churches, and it lay directly on the road toward Brandy Station, our rendezvous with the Kelly's ford column. The Sixth Pennsylvania Cavalry, attacking the enemy's troopers on the plateau near the church, met with a tremendous fire from artillery on the flank, and was compelled to fall back with heavy loss of officers and men, including Major Robert Morris, in command of the regiment, whose horse fell with him, and he was taken prisoner. The regulars, part of whom charged at the same time, or a moment later, fared better, on the whole, but were brought to a stand still; and meantime our right, nearer to the river, was seriously threatened, endangering our possession of Beverly ford. Ames' infantry was ordered to replace the reserve brigade in the woods below St. James' Church, which they did without any serious fighting, and the reser
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Union cavalry at Gettysburg. (search)
, June 9th, General Buford, with his regular and volunteer brigades crossed the Rappahannock at Beverly Ford and surprised the enemy's pickets, driving them back upon their camps and intrenchments, and maintained for hours a most obstinate fight with a force largely superior to his own. His advance was through a rough, wooded country, which afforded the enemy every defensive advantage, but his regiments, led by such soldiers as Colonel Davis, of the Eighth New York (killed in the action), Major Morris, of the Sixth Pennsylvania, and Captain Merritt, of the Second Regulars, and others of like character, were not to be stopped by ordinary resistance; and by their repeated mounted charges, and advances as dismounted skirmishers, the enemy was driven back to a line strongly held by a large number of field-pieces supported by troops. General Gregg, with his own and Colonel Dufie's command, crossed at the same time at Kelly's Ford. Agreeably to orders from the corps commander, Colonel
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces in the Chancellorsville campaign. (search)
d McM. Gregg. First Brigade, Col. Judson Kilpatrick: 1st Me., Col. Calvin S. Douty; 2d N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Henry E. Davies, Jr.; 10th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. William Irvine. Brigade loss: k, 1; w, 1; m, 24 = 26. Second Brigade, Col. Percy Wyndham: 12th Ill., Lieut.-Col. Hasbrouck Davis; 1st Md., Lieut.-Col. James M. Deems; 1st N. J., Lieut.-Col. Virgil Brodrick; 1st Pa., Col. John P. Taylor. Brigade loss: k, 2; w, 3; m, 40 = 45. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John Buford: 6th Pa., Maj. Robert Morris, Jr.; 1st U. S., Capt. R. S. C. Lord; 2d U. S., Maj. Charles J. Whiting; 5th U. S., Capt. James E. Harrison; 6th U. S., Capt. George C. Cram. Brigade loss: k, 1; w, 3; m, 75 = 79. Artillery, Capt. James M. Robertson: B and L, 2d U. S., Lieut. Albert O. Vincent; M, 2d U. S., Lieut. Robert Clarke; E, 4th U. S., Lieut. Samuel S. Elder. The casualties in the Union forces during the campaign were as follows:  Killed.Wounded.Captured or Missing.Total. Germanna Ford, April 2914 5 Frank
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 53: operations of the West Gulf Squadron in the latter part of 1864, and in 1865.--joint operations in Mobile Bay by Rear-Admiral Thatcher and General Canby. (search)
ts, James Maycock and Henry Rehder; Acting-Ensigns, W. H. Howard and Jos. H. Wainwright; Acting-Master's Mates, Achilles Kalniski and C. T. Taylor; Engineers: Acting-Second-Assistant, Charles Goodman; Acting-Third-Assistants, J. D. Caldwell, Albert Mayer and J. E. Hare. Cayuga--Fourth-rate. Lieutenant-Commander, Henry Wilson; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, J. E. Parsons; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Wm. A. Mann; Acting-Master, John Hanson; Acting-Ensigns, W. F. Dolliver, Isaac A. Abbott, Robert Morris and E. P. Stevens; Engineers: Second-Assistants, J. C. Chaffee and W. A. H. Allen; Acting-Third-Assistants, Thomas Kidd and J. D. Thompson. Penobscot--Fourth-rate. Lieutenant-Commander, A. E. K. Benham; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, F. C. Sargeant; Assistant Paymaster, F. P. Hinman: Acting Master, Charles E. Jack; Acting-Ensigns, Edw. Pendexter, T. McL. Miller, W. G. Campbell and Wm. Wingood, Jr.; Engineers: Acting-First-Assistant, W. M. Rodes; Acting-Third-Assistants, Warren Howland,
al movements. They built, purchased, equipped, and commissioned ships, all in neutral territory, even filling up blank commissions sent out to them by the Congress for the purpose. Among expeditions fitted out by them was one under Captain Wickes to intercept a convoy of linen ships from Ireland. He went first into the Bay of Biscay, and afterward entirely around Ireland, sweeping the sea before him of everything that was not of force to render the attack hopeless. Deane observes to Robert Morris that it effectually alarmed England, prevented the great fair at Chester, occasioned insurance to rise, and even deterred the English merchants from shipping in English bottoms at any rate, so that, in a few weeks, forty sail of French ships were loading in the Thames, on freight, an instance never before known. In the spring of 1777 the commissioners sent an agent to Dover, who purchased a fine, fast-sailing English-built cutter, which was taken across to Dunkirk. There she was priv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baltimore, (search)
proclamation upon both, strongly recommended the removal of that body from Philadelphia. General Putnam, who had been sent to that city to fortify it, earnestly seconded Mifflin's proposition; and the Congress, trembling for their personal safety, gladly complied, and adjourned (Dec. 12), to meet at Baltimore, Dec. 20. Putnam was invested with almost absolute control of military affairs in Philadelphia, and the Congress delegated its executive powers to a resident committee composed of Robert Morris, George Clymer, and George Walton, to act in their behalf during their absence. In Baltimore, the Congress reassembled (Dec. 20, 1776) in a spacious brick building that stood until within a few years, with fronts on Baltimore, Sharpe, and Liberty streets, and where, on the 23d, Rev. Patrick Allison, first minister of the Presbyterian Church in Baltimore, and Rev. William White, of the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, were appointed chaplains. On June 18, 1860, the adjourned convent
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bank of North America. (search)
Bank of North America. It was soon perceived that under the new government, based on the Articles of Confederation (see Confederation, articles of), the Congress had no power, independent of the several States. to enforce taxation. Robert Morris, then Superintendent of Finance (Secretary of the Treasury), proposed the establishment of a bank at Philadelphia, to supply the government with money, with a capital of $400,000. The promissory notes of the bank were to be a legal-tender currency, to be received in payment of all taxes, duties, and debts due the United States. The plan was approved by the Congress (May 26, 1781), and this financial agent of the government was chartered by the Congress Dec. 31. The capital stock was divided into shares of $400 each, in money of gold or silver. to be procured by subscriptions. Twelve directors were appointed to manage the affairs of the bank, which was entitled by the Congress The President, Directors, and Company of the Bank of Nort
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coinage, United States (search)
ing on one side an eagle with a bundle of arrows in the right talon, an olive-branch in the left, and a shield on its breast bearing the word cent. That device was, and is now, the chief on the great seal of the United States. On the other side of the Massachusetts cent was the figure of an Indian holding a bow and arrow; also a single star. As early as the adoption of the Articles of Confederation (1781) the subject of national coinage occupied the attention of statesmen. In 1782, Robert Morris, superintendent of finance, submitted to the Continental Congress a plan for a metallic currency for the United States, arranged by Gouverneur Morris, who attempted to harmonize all the moneys of the States. He found that the 1440th part of the Spanish dollar was a common divisor of all the various currencies. Starting with that fraction as a Facsimile of the first money coined by the United States. unit, he proposed the following table of moneys: Ten units to be equal to one penny,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut tract, the (search)
Connecticut tract, the Grants by the English crown to New York and Massachusetts overlapped. In 1786 a convention of commissioners from the two colonies was held at Hartford, Conn.; Massachusetts ceded to the State of New York all that territory lying west of the present eastern boundary of New York, and New York ceded to Massachusetts a tract of territory running from the northern boundary of Pennsylvania due north through Seneca Lake to Lake Ontario, with the exception of a strip of land one mile wide on Niagara River—about 6,000,000 acres in all. Of this M. Gorham and O. Phelps bought the title of the Indians, and also the title of Massachusetts to 2,600,000 acres. Robert Morris purchased most of the remainder and sold a part of it to Sir William Pultney. He sold another large portion to the Holland Company and to the State of Connecticu
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