alifax, England, into Scotland, about 1550, by the Regent Morton, who seems to have been enamored of the maiden's business capacity.
He was beheaded thereby in 1581, — though he was not the first victim, as has been sometimes stated.
The murderers of Rizzio were beheaded by it in 1566; and among its last victims was the Earl of Argyle, 1681.
It is laid up as a memorial in the Museum of the Scotch Society of Antiquaries, Edinburgh.
Of the Halifax machine we know but little except that Morton imported the maiden thence.
Pursuing the back track, we find that the Due de Montmorenci (blue blood) was executed by a falling axe at Toulouse, 1632; that the Dutch used it in executing slaves in their colonies, and that its use was comparatively common in Germany during the Middle Ages.
The Mannaiu of Italy, by which Conradin of Swabia was executed, 1268, at Naples, and Beatrice Cenci at Rome, in 1605, was of the same construction substantially.
The guillotine as mentioned in Germ