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superior arms and equipment. The regiment in this photograph is the Thirteenth New York Cavalry at Prospect Hill, Virginia. They are no longer raw troopers but have become the eyes of Washington and its chief protection against the swift-riding Mosby and his men. The troopers were drilled on foot as well as mounted. month prior to this march; and in the issue we drew everything on the list — watering-bridles, lariat ropes, and pins — in fact, there was nothing on the printed list of suppliey spent their time guarding Washington, when this photograph was taken, and scouting near the armies in the Virginia hills. Cavalry, at the First Bull Run, so terrible to the panic-stricken Federal troops in their race to Washington and safety; Mosby's frequent dashes at poorly guarded Union trains and careless outposts; and Stuart's picturesque and gallant promenade around McClellan's unguarded encampment on the Chickahominy, in 1862, the war record of the Southern horse notwithstanding its
operating along the first Confederate line of defense. But they had already begun to demonstrate their daring and effectiveness. This was the prelude to the bold rides of Stuart and Forrest, to the swift raids of Morgan and the terror-inspiring Mosby. It was acts like this that hampered the Union leaders, and detained an army between Washington and the Confederates. Not until the Union cavalry had learned to retaliate, and to meet and fight the exhausted Confederate horsemen on their own grh had created an efficient cavalry force, destroyed millions of dollars' worth of Federal property and exercised a tremendous moral effect. The cry of The black horse cavalry terrified still further the panic-stricken Federal troops at Bull Run; Mosby's brilliant dashes at poorly guarded Union wagon trains and careless outposts taught the Northern leaders many a lesson, and Stuart's two raids around McClellan's army, on the Peninsula and in Maryland, resulted in the systematic upbuilding of a
aff, United States Army Well-conditioned mounts, equipped for a long raid 1862 Federal cavalry leaving camp: the arm that dealt a final blow to the Confederacy. The well-filled bags before and behind each trooper indicate a long and hard trip in store. Both the Confederate and Federal cavalry distinguished themselves by their endurance on their arduous and brilliant raids. The amount of destruction accomplished by this arm of the service was well-nigh incalculable. Stuart, Mosby, Forrest on one side — Sheridan, Grierson, Kilpatrick on the other — each in turn upset the opponents' calculations and forced them to change their plans. It was Van Dorn's capture at Holly Springs that caused Grant's first failure against Vicksburg. It was not until after the surrender at Appomattox that Lee learned the final crushing blow — that the rations destined for his men had been captured by Sheridan. Up and down the Rappahannock the cavalry rode and scouted and fought by day and<
of communication in Virginia, 1862 Colonel John S. Mosby and some of his men Speaking likenesses of Colonel John S. Mosby, the famous Confederate independent leader and his followers — chiefl: Parrott, John Troop, John W. Munson, Colonel John S. Mosby, Newell, Necly, Quarles; third row: Wanames of Turner Ashby, John H. Morgan, and John S. Mosby stand in a class by themselves. The firstn he saw several of them pushing Colonel John Singleton Mosby It is hard to reconcile Mosby's Mosby's peaceful profession of a lawyer at Bristol, Washington County, Louisiana, before the war with the sisonburg, during Men who tried to catch Mosby. The Thirteenth New York horsemen were consr part of the war. Men who tried to catch Mosby: the thirteenth New York cavalry. Guarding t a partisan leader who differed in method from Mosby. His command remained on a permanent basis. e was shot down in a dash for life. Colonel John S. Mosby, with his raiding detachments of varyi
score of yards of the Confederates' roaring guns, into a mad dash that carried them in clusters flashing with sabers through the struggling, writhing line. This regiment is the Thirteenth New York Cavalry, organized June 20, 1863. Two weeks after the regiment was organized these men were patroling the rear of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg. The following month they were quelling the draft riots in New York, and thereafter they were engaged in pursuing the redoubtable and evanescent Mosby, and keeping a watchful eye on Washington. They participated in many minor engagements in the vicinity of the Capital, and lost 128 enlisted men and officers. The photograph is proof enough that they were a well-drilled body of men. The ranks are straight and unbroken, and the company officers are keeping their proper distances. The colonel, to the extreme right in the foreground, has good reason to sit proudly erect. Note the white-horse troop in the rear, where the war chargers can be
ision in the Army of the James, during the Petersburg and Appomattox campaigns. Colonel Lafayette C. Baker, in command of this cavalry, reported an encounter with Mosby, to whose depredations their organization was chiefly due, on October 22, 1863: Sir: This morning about ten o'clock a detachment of my battalion, under command of Major E. J. Conger, and a detachment of the California battalion, under command of Captain Eigenbrodt, encountered a squad of Mosby's men some three miles this side of Fairfax Court House and near the Little River turnpike. One of Mosby's men (named Charles Mason) was shot and instantly killed. The celebrated guerrillas, Jack BarnMosby's men (named Charles Mason) was shot and instantly killed. The celebrated guerrillas, Jack Barns, Ed. Stratton, and Bill Harover, were captured and forwarded to the Old Capitol Prison. These men state that they were looking for Government horses and sutlers' wagons. None of our force were injured. Colonel Baker was in the Federal Secret Service, and used these cavalrymen as his police. Eight additional companies were sub
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
es rout the Confederates at Tuscumbia, Ala.—26. Destructive Union raid on Deer Creek, Miss. Confederates defeated at Rowlesburg, Va.—27. Confederate Texan Legion captured near Franklin, Ky.—28. Cavalry engagement at Sand Mountain, Ga.; Confederates defeated.—29. Fairmount, Va., captured by Confederates.—30. Fast Day in the United States. Artillery engagement at Chancellorsville, Va. Confederates defeated at Williamsburg, Va.—May 1. Battle at Monticello, Ky.; Confederates defeated.— 3. Mosby's guerillas routed at Warrenton Junction.—4. Admiral Porter takes possession of Fort de Russy, on Red River. —6. Confederates put to flight near Tupelo, Miss. Battle near Clinton, Miss.— 15. Corbin and Grau hung at Sandusky for recruiting within the Union lines.— 18. Democratic convention in New York City expresses sympathy with Vallandigham.—22-23. Battle of Gum Swamp, N. C., —28. First negro regiment from the North left Boston.—June 1. Democratic convention in Phila
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
erted village of Chambersburg, Pa., and demanded of the inhabitants $200,000 in gold or $500,000 in greenbacks (paper currency) as a tribute to insure the town against destruction. The tribute was not offered, and two-thirds of the town was laid in ashes. No time was given for the removal of the sick, infirm, women, or children. General Averill, with 2,600 cavalry, was soon after the raiders. He drove them across the Potomac with such blows that they did not stop to plunder and destroy. Mosby, another guerilla chief, dashed across the Potomac and carried off a few horsemen. Averill pursued the Confederates up the south branch of the Potomac, attacked and defeated them, Aug. 4, 1864, at Moorfield, captured their guns, trains, and 500 men, with a loss to himself of fifty men. Grant now, to protect Washington from seizure, and Maryland and Pennsylvania from invasion, consolidated several departments, calling the organization the Middle Division. General Sherman was assigned to it
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mosby, John Singleton 1833- (search)
Mosby, John Singleton 1833- Lawyer; born in Powhatan county, Va., Dec. 6, 1833; graduated at the University of Virginia in 1852, and admitted to the bar in 1855. He practised at Bristol, Va., in 1855-61. In the latter year he entered the Confederate army as a private, but a little later became adjutant of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. He was colonel in 1862-65 of Mosby's Partisan Rangers, an independent cavalry command, which caused the Union army much trouble by destroying supply trains, cnfederate army as a private, but a little later became adjutant of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. He was colonel in 1862-65 of Mosby's Partisan Rangers, an independent cavalry command, which caused the Union army much trouble by destroying supply trains, cutting communications, capturing outposts, etc. After the war he resumed the practice of law in Virginia. In 1878-85 he was United States consul at Hong-Kong, and in the latter year he settled in San Francisco. He is author of War Reminiscences.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 23. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Events leading up to the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
mmanded a view of every movement in consequence of that location. Hancock's Corps occupied Thoroughfare Gap. Moving to the right, we passed through Glasscock's Gap without serious difficulty, and marched for Haymarket. I had previously sent Major Mosby, with some picked men, through to gain the vicinity of Dranesville, and bring intelligence to me, near Gum Spring, today. (You will bear in mind that Haymarket is in Prince William county, east of the Bull Run mountains, and that was the firs but the evidence was conclusive that the enemy had left this point entirely, the mobilized army having the day previous moved over towards Leesburg, while the locals had retired to the fortifications near Washington. I had not heard yet from Major Mosby, but the indications favored my successful passage in the rear of the enemy's army. After a halt of a few hours to rest and refresh the command, which regaled itself on stores left by the enemy in the place, the march was resumed at Dranesvil
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