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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 19 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Austin, Stephen Fuller, (search)
Austin, Stephen Fuller, Colonist; born about 1790; son of Moses Austin, of Connecticut. who in 1820 received permission from the Mexican commander at Monterey to colonize 300 families in the province. Moses died June 10, 1821, and Stephen successfully carried out the scheme. The latter went to the city of Mexico in 1821. and the grant given to his father was confirmed in February, 1823. By it he was invested with almost absolute power over the colonists, whom he seated where the city of Austin now is, the site selected by him for the capital of Texas. In March, 1833, a convention formed a State constitution, which Austin took to the central government of Mexico to obtain its ratification. There were delays; and he recommended a union of all the municipalities, and the organization of a State under a Mexican law of 1824. He was arrested, taken back to Mexico, and detained until September, 1835. On his return he found the country in confusion, and he took part with the rev
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Beach, Alfred Ely, 1820-1896 (search)
Beach, Alfred Ely, 1820-1896 Inventor; born in Springfield, Mass., in 1820; was educated at Monson Academy, Mass., and under his father (Moses, an early proprietor of the New York Sun) acquired a practical knowledge of newspaper work. In 1846 (with Orson D. Munn) he established the Scientific American, and for nearly fifty years was its editor. In 1852 he perfected a typewriting machine which was awarded a gold medal by the American Institute. Later he invented the system of underground pneumatic tubes, through which letters were carried from street lamp-posts to the central post-office. In 1867 he placed on exhibition in the American Institute the working model of a portion of an elevated railway, which met with so much favor that he planned a similar system of underground railways for New York. In 1869, under the authority of the legislature, he began the construction of a railway under Broadway between Murray and Warren streets, the excavation of the tunnel being made by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McKinley, William 1843- (search)
d the commission to return to the United States. Their most intelligent and comprehensive report was submitted to Congress. Civil commission appointed. In March, 1900, believing that the insurrection was practically ended and earnestly desiring to promote the establishment of a stable government in the archipelago, I appointed the following civil commission: William H. Taft, of Ohio; Prof. Dean C. Worcester, of Michigan; Luke 1. Wright, of Tennessee; Henry C. Ide, of Vermont; and Bernard Moses, of California. My instructions to them contained the following: You (the Secretary of War) will instruct the commission to devote their attention in the first instance to the establishment of municipal governments, in which the natives of the islands, both in the cities and in the rural communities, shall be afforded the opportunity to manage their own local affairs to the fullest extent of which they are capable, and subject to the least degree of supervision and control which a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
-masters offered to lend him theirs, and this was accepted as a compromise with the consciences of the authorities, they arguing that, as the fort was the King's, the colors might be displayed there at his peril. At the request of the General Court, the Rev. John cotton (q. v.) drew up the first code of laws of Massachusetts. They were taken entirely from the Old Testament. It was found that they were not adapted to a state of society so different from that of the Hebrews in the time of Moses, and Rev. Nathaniel Ward, who was familiar with the Roman as well as the Jewish laws, drew up a code which was substituted for Cotton's in 1641. The first article of this code provided that the rights of person and property vested in the citizen should be inviolate, except by express law, or, in default of that, by the Word of God. Governor Winthrop did not approve of Mr. Ward's adaptation of Greek and Roman laws. He thought it better that the laws should be taken from the Scriptures rath
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Moses, Bernard 1846- (search)
Moses, Bernard 1846- Author; born in Burlington, Conn., Aug. 27, 1846; graduated at the University of Michigan in 1870; became Professor of History and Political Economy in the University of California in 1876. He is the author of Politics (with W. W. Crane); Federal government in Switzerland; Democracy and social growth in, America; Establishment of Spanish rule in America, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Philippine Islands, (search)
I have appointed Hon. William H. Taft, of Ohio; Prof. Dean C. Worcester, of Michigan; Hon. Luke E. Wright, of Tennessee; Hon. Henry C. Ide, of Vermont; and Prof. Bernard Moses, of California, commissioners to the Philippine Islands to continue and perfect the work of organizing and establishing civil government already commenced b arranged thus: Interior Commissioner, Worcester; Commerce and Police Commissioner, Wright; Justice and Finance Commissioner, Ide; Public Instruction Commissioner, Moses. Of the twenty-seven provinces organized, Governor Taft said the insurrection still existed in five. This would cause the continuance of the military government nila to crush rebellion in Camarines. March. Civil commission appointed by President McKinley (Win. H. Taft, Dean C. Worcester, Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide, Bernard Moses). They reached the Philippines in April. April 7. General Otis relieved. General MacArthur succeeds him. May 5. Gen. Pantelon Garcia, the chief Filipino
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Simmons, Franklin 1842- (search)
upon the country, and Mr. Simmons sought the field of operations, not as a soldier, but as a commemorator of the leading soldiers and statesmen of the day. During several years spent in Philadelphia and Washington, some thirty generals and statesmen sat to him for their busts, among them Lincoln, Grant, Sheridan, Meade, Seward, and Chase, which gave great satisfaction. Having received a commission from the State of Rhode Island to make a statue of Roger Williams for the Capitol at Washington, he went to Rome, where he has since resided. He has also made for the national Capitol a statue of William King, of Maine, and a G. A. R. monument of General Grant, and for the Iowa Circle in Washington an equestrian monument of General Logan. His other works include a second statue of Williams for the city of Providence, R. I.; ideal statues of the Mother of Moses; Abdiel, the Israelite woman; Viewing the promised land; The hymn of praise, etc. He was knighted by the King of Italy in 1898.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slater, Samuel 1768-1835 (search)
inventive genius, in making improvements in his mills. He heard of the action of the Pennsylvanians, and believed that his thorough mastery of Arkwright's machinery would enable him to build a machine without models or drawings. When his apprenticeship had ended he hastened to America with the treasures of his brain. He landed in New York in November, 1789. Heavy penalties deterred any one from making a model or drawing and sending it out of the country. Slater accidentally learned that Moses Brown, of Rhode Island, had made some attempts at cotton-spinning by machinery there. He wrote to Mr. Brown, informing him of what he could do. If thou canst do this thing, wrote the earnest manufacturer, I invite thee to come to Rhode Island and have the credit and the profit of introducing cotton-manufacture into America. Slater went, and, with the aid of the Brown family, succeeded in Samuel Slater. produring machinery, by the close of 1790, that made cotton-yarn equal in quality to