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t time I saw him was between ten and eleven o'clock A. M.; and the second time was between the hours of two and three o'clock P. M. Each time I saw him at his headquarters, some two miles in the rear, a distance that was constantly being lengthened by the advance of our troops and the retirement of the enemy. On each occasion he was eagerly anxious for news in regard to the progress of the fight. While retracing my steps to the front (with Howell Hinds) in the afternoon, I was3 met by Colonel Mumford, of the staff of General Johnston, who informed me of the death of General Johnston, and that he was hastening to General Beauregard to announce to him the sad news, and that the command devolved upon him. Of course it amounts to nothing when I say that I did not see General Beauregard on the field until after the fall of Johnston, but the conclusion is irresistible that he was not present until after that disastrous event. I have nothing to say of the blunders of Beauregard after the
rces, and all the machinery and materiel of war was lost, and the key to the Mississippi was in the enemy's hands. The loss of New Orleans was a terrible disaster. But deeply as its capture was deplored by the Confederates, the spirit of the people did not become despondent, and a series of Confederate victories soon revived their most ardent hopes of achieving national independence. General Butler was soon inaugurated as the autocratic ruler of the city. His course in hanging Mumford upon the charge of hauling down the United States flag from the Mint, of which act he was innocent, and in issuing Order no. 28, excited strong resentment not only in the South, but in the North and abroad, but does not properly come within the scope of a biography of the President of the Confederacy. The moral effect of his infamous Order no. 28 was great, and reconciled whomsoever might have differed from the policy of the Confederate leaders within our borders. General Butler's ord
une 29th last, you were instructed by the Secretary of War to make inquiries of the General in command of the United States forces, relative to alleged murders committed on our citizens by officers of the United States army, and the case of William B. Mumford, reported to have been murdered at New Orleans by order of Major-General B. F. Butler, and Colonel John Owen, reported to have been murdered in the same manner in Missouri, by order of Major-General Pope, were specially referred to. The journals to have murdered in cold blood two peaceful citizens, because one of his men, while invading our country, was killed by some unknown person defending his home. You are now instructed to repeat your inquiry relative to the cases of Mumford and Owen, and further to ask of the Commanding General of the enemy whether the statements in relation to the action of Generals Hunter, Phelps, and Fitch are admitted to be true, and whether the conduct of those Generals is sanctioned by their
out a shining list as I gaze into the past. When shall their glory fade? Texas gave us Albert Sidney Johnston, and Gregg, Robertson, William old tige whom his soldiers loved Cabbell; it is easier to specify who was not a brilliant jewel in the gorgeous crown of glory than to name them all. Florida gave Kirby Smith and Anderson and many other gallant and true men. And Old Virginia gave us her Lees, Jackson, Early, Ewell, Pickett, Ed. Johnson, Archer, Heth, Lomax, Dearing, Ashby, Mumford, Rosser, the brothers Pegram; and the gallant men who fell on the heights of Gettysburg, Garnett, Kemper, and Armistead; and Dabney H. Maury, who with 7,600 infantry and artillery held Mobile for eighteen days against General Canby. Had our cause succeeded, Virginia's gallant son would have been promoted to be Lieutenant-General. A. P. Hill, the fierce young fighter, who, famous in many battles, came opportunely from Harper's Ferry to Sharpsburg, beat back Burnside, and saved the flan
ured, after fighting until her captain and most of his officers and crew were killed; the Westfield got aground and was prematurely blown up, together with the commander of the fleet, Commodore Renshaw, and most of her officers and crew; the others escaped.--(Doc. 95.) Richard Yeadon, of Charleston, S. C., issued the following notice: President Davis having proclaimed Benjamin F. Butler, of Massachusetts, to be a felon, deserving of capital punishment, for the deliberate murder of William B. Mumford, a citizen of the confederate States, at New Orleans, and having ordered that the said Benjamin F. Butler be considered or treated as an outlaw and common enemy of mankind, and that in the event of his capture, the officer in command of the capturing force do cause him to be immediately executed by hanging, the undersigned hereby offers a reward of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for the capture and delivery of the said Benjamin F. Butler, dead or alive, to any proper confederate author
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 6.79 (search)
of the town ; and on the 16th an order forbidding the city and the banks from receiving Confederate money, and fixing the 27th of May as a date when all circulation of Confederate notes and bills should cease in the Department of the Gulf. William B. Mumford, who hauled down the flag which by Farragut's order had been raised over the Mint, was convicted of treason, and by General Butler's order was hanged on the 7th of June from a gallows placed under the flag-staff of the Mint. Mumford, who wMumford, who was a North Carolinian, though long a resident of New Orleans, addressed a vast crowd from the gallows. He spoke with perfect self-possession, and said that his offense had been committed under excitement.--editors. His instructions from General McClellan, as General-in-Chief, dated February 23d, the main object of which had now been so successfully accomplished, looked to the occupation of Baton Rouge as the next step, and the opening of communication with the northern column, bearing in mind
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 13: the capture of New Orleans. (search)
through the streets by young men belonging to the Pinckney Battalion, and a gambler named William B. Mumford. There was no guard left at the Mint to defend the flag, but a watch was set in the topf the flag from the Mint was the unauthorized act of the men who performed it. These were W. B. Mumford (who cut it loose from the flagstaff), Lieutenant Holmes, Sergeant Burns, and lames Reed, ald made the city a model of quiet and good order. This vigor was followed by the arrest of William B. Mumford, his trial and conviction by a military court, and his execution as a traitor in the preseossessed its property, and was exercising its rightful authority in the city of New Orleans. Mumford was a professional gambler, and consequently an enemy of society. He was about forty-two years necessity. His overt act of treason was clear, and his execution had a most salutary effect. Mumford is the only man who, up to this time (1867), has been tried, condemned, and executed for treaso
ccumbs Butler convinces the Rebels that he is wanted there General order no. 28 execution of Mumford Farragut and Gen. Williams ascend the river to Vicksburg baffled there Breckinridge attacks wherein Gen. Butler especially displeased his enemies and those of his country, was that of Wm. B. Mumford, a New Orleans gambler, who had led the Rebel mob who tore down our National flag from the ralone, they would make none, to the forces of the United States. The outrage thus committed by Mumford and his backers, furtive and riotous as it was, drew a shot from the howitzers in the main-top ty having been completely occupied, and the National authority restablished, Gen. Butler caused Mumford to be arrested, tried, and, he being convicted and sentenced to death by hanging, that sentence, whenever captured, reserved for execution. Mr. Davis's proclamation recites the hanging of Mumford; the neglect of our Government to explain or disavow that act; the imprisonment of non-combatan
up the New Ironsides at, 482. Morris, Gen. L. O., killed at Cold Harbor, 582. Morris, Gen. W. H., at the Wilderness, 571. Morton's Engineers, at Stone River, 275. Moseby, Col. John S., his movements, 727. Mosquito Inlet, naval expedition to, 459. Mound City, gunboat, boiler exploded, 57. Mower, Gen., at Corinth, 226; at Vicksburg, 311; at Pleasant Hill, 548; in Missouri, 559. Mulligan, Col., 15th Ga., killed at Antietam,210. Mulligan, Gen. (Union), killed, 606. Mumford, Wm. B., hanged at N. Orleans, 100-1. Munfordsville, Ky., fight at, 215. Munroe, Col., charges at Fayetteville, Ark., 448. Murfreesboroa, Tenn., capture of, 212. Murphy, Col. R. C., 8th Wis., abandons Iuka, 222; surrenders Holly Springs, 287; is cashiered, 287. N. Naglee, Gen. H. M., at Seven Pines, 142-4; wounded, 148. Nashville, Tenn., occupied by Unionists, 53; railroad reopened to, 270; stores accumulated at, 272; battle of, 685; losses and captures, 686. Nassa
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 8: from Hatteras to New Orleans. (search)
tates flag in token thereof on the United States public buildings. This the mayor declined to do, making the excuse that he was not a military officer. Farragut then sent Captain Bailey and Lieutenant Perkins ashore with a party of marines and hoisted the United States flag over the United States mint, but did not leave it guarded except that he had howitzers in the main-top of the Hartford which bore upon it. On the day before I got up to New Orleans a party of ruffians, headed by one Mumford, pulled down Farragut's flag, trailed it on the ground through the streets, tore it in pieces and distributed the pieces among the mob for keepsakes, their leader wearing a piece of it in the buttonhole of his coat as a boutonniere. As we neared the city the next day the morning papers were brought to me on board the Wissahickon containing a description of this performance with high encomiums upon the bravery and gallantry of the man who did it. After having read the article, I handed th
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