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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 8 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newman, John Philip 1826-1899 (search)
Newman, John Philip 1826-1899 Clergyman; born in New York, Sept. 1, 1826; was educated at Cazenovia Seminary; entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1849; travelled in Europe, Palestine, and Egypt in 1860-61; and, returning to the United States, had charges at Hamilton, N. Y., Albany, N. Y., and New York City. In 1864-69 he organized three annual conferences in the South, two colleges, and a religious paper; and in the latter year founded and was made the first pastor o C.; was chaplain of the United States Senate in 1869-74; inspector of United States consulates in Asia in 1874-76; and again pastor of the Metropolitan Church, Washington, in 1876-79. In 1879-88 he held pastorates in New York and Washington. Dr. Newman attended Gen. U. S. Grant in his last illness. In 1888 he was elected a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was author of From, Dan to Beersheba; Thrones and palaces of Babylon and Nineveh; America for Americans; And the supremacy of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Protestant churches. (search)
the educated German to find a philosophy of religion which reconciles modern science with the essential facts of Christianity. The most important religious movement of the nineteenth century in England is a reversion to sacramentalism, led by Newman and Pusey and William George Ward. Its ruling idea is that the sacraments have power in themselves to convey grace and salvation. This is essentially the doctrine of the old Church, and the movement gradually took on the form of a reaction; the adoration of the consecrated wafer, prayers for the dead, the use of incense—various Roman Catholic practices —were adopted one by one. In due time Newman and Faber and Ward entered the Catholic communion; since their departure, the ideas and practices for which they stood have been rapidly gaining ground in the English Church. How far this doctrinal reaction is likely to go, it would not be safe to predict. But it must be said of the High Church party that it is not wasting all its energies