understanding, with a spirit of cautious inquiry; untiring perseverance, with great mobility; indefatigable activity, with fearless courage.
The account of his first expedition gives proof of sound judgment, accurate observation, and historical fidelity.
It is full of exact details on the manners of the savage tribes, not less than the geography of the country; and Quebec was already selected as the appropriate site for a fort.
Champlain returned to France just before an exclusive
1603 Nov 8. patent had been issued to a Calvinist, the able, patriotic, and honest De Monts.
The sovereignty of Acadia and its confines, from the fortieth to the forty-sixth degree of latitude, that is, from Philadelphia to beyond
Chap. I.} 1603. Montreal; a still wider monopoly of the fur-trade; the exclusive control of the soil, government, and trade; freedom of religion for Huguenot emigrants,—these were the privileges which the charter conceded.
Idlers, and men without a profession, and all ba
red for nothing in the colony so much as for a revenue to be derived from an impost on its produce.
Whatever false display of zeal might be made for religion, the conversion of the heathen, the organization of the government, and the establishment of justice, the subject of tobacco was never forgotten.
The sale of it in England was
1619 May. strictly prohibited, unless the heavy impost had been paid;
Hazard, i. 89. a proclamation enforced the royal decree;
Ibid. 90.Nov and, that the tax might be gathered on the entire consumption, by a new proclamation,
Hazard. i. 93. the culture of to-
Dec. 30 bacco was forbidden in England and Wales, and the plants already growing were ordered to be uprooted.
Nor was it long before the importation and sale of
Chap. VI.} 1620 tobacco required a special license from the king.
Hazard, i. 89—91. June 29.
Ibid. 93—96. In this manner, a compromise was effected between the interests of the colonial planters