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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buchanan, James, (search)
se reinforcements seemed to exist. I was assured by distinguished and upright gentlemen of South Carolina that no attack upon Major Anderson was intended, but that, on the contrary, it was the desire of the State authorities as much as it was my own to avoid the fatal consequences which must eventually follow a military collision. And here I deem it proper to submit for your information copies of a communication, dated Dec. 28, 1860, addressed to me by R. W. Barnwell, J. H. Adams, aid James L. Orr, commissioners from South Carolina, with the accompanying documents, and copies of my answer thereto, dated Dec. 31. In further explanation of Major Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. it is proper to state that after my answer to the South Carolina commissioners the War Department received a letter from that gallant officer, dated on Dec. 27, 1860, the day after this movement, from which the following is an extract: I will add as my opinion that many things co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Orr, James Lawrence 1822- (search)
Orr, James Lawrence 1822- Statesman; born in Craytonville, S. C., May 12, 1822; graduated at the University of Virginia in 1842; became a lawyer at Anderson, S. C.; and edited a newspaper there in 1843. After serving in the State legislature, he became a member of Congress in 1849, and remained such by re-election until 1859. He was speaker of the Thirty-Fifth Congress. In the South Carolina convention of Dec. 20, 1860, he voted for secession, and was appointed one of three commissioners to treat with the national government for the surrender of the United States forts in Charleston Harbor to the Confederates. He was a Confederate Senator from 1862 to 1865, and provisional governor of South Carolina from 1866 to 1868, under the appointment of the President. He afterwards acted with the Republican party, and in 1870 was made judge of the United States circuit court. In 1873 he was appointed United States minister to Russia, and died soon after his arrival there, May 5.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Secession of Southern States. (search)
thern power upon the treasury and archives of the government. In order to carry out the design of the few leaders of the secession scheme to have the whole fifteen slave-labor States belong to a projected Southern Confederacy, four of the State conventions which adopted ordinances of secession appointed commissigners to go to these several States as missionaries in the cause. The names and destinations of these were as follows: South Carolina sent to Alabama A. P. Calhoun; to Georgia, James L. Orr; to Florida, L. W. Spratt; to Mississippi, M. L. Bonham; to Louisiana, J. L. Manning; to Arkansas, A. C. Spain; to Texas, J. B. Kershaw. Alabama sent to North Carolina Isham W. Garrett; to Mississippi, E. W-Petters; to South Carolina, J. A. Elmore; to Maryland, A. F. Hopkins; to Virginia., Frank Gilmer; to Tennessee, L. Pope Walker; to Kentucky, Stephen F. Hale; to Arkansas, John A. Winston. Georgia sent to Missouri Luther J. Glenn; to Virginia, Henry L. Benning. Mississippi sent to South
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of South Carolina, (search)
. A small medal was also struck to commemorate the event. On Dec. 21, 1860, the South Carolina convention appointed Robert W. Barnwell, James H. Adams, and James L. Orr South Carolina flag. commissioners to proceed to Washington to treat for the possession of the public property within the limits of their State. They arrive 30, 1865) by the President, and in September a State convention, at Columbia, repealed the ordinance of secession, and declared slavery abolished. In October James L. Orr was chosen governor, with other State officers, and the government passed into their hands Dec. 25, 1865. This government continued until superseded (March, 1n1856 William H. Gist1858 Francis W. Pickens1860 M. L. Bonham1862 A. G. MagrathinauguratedDec. 19, 1864 Benj. F. Perryprovisional, appointedJune 30, 1865 James L. OrrinauguratedNov. 29, 1865 Robert K. ScottinauguratedJuly 9, 1868 F. J. Moses, Jr.1873 Daniel H. Chamberlain1875 Wade Hampton1877 William D. Simpsonassumes o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Speaker of Congress, the (search)
lorNew York17841854 20-231827-34Andrew StevensonVirginia17841857 231834-35John BellTennessee 17971869 24, 251835-39James K. PolkTennessee17951849 261839-41R. M. T. HunterVirginia18091887 271841-43John WhiteKentucky18051845 281843-45John W. JonesVirginia18051848 291845-47John W. DavisIndiana17991850 301847-49Robert C. WinthropMassachusetts18091894 311849-51Howell CobbGeorgia18151868 32, 331851-55Linn BoydKentucky18001859 341855-57Nathaniel P. BanksMassachusetts18161894 351857-59James L. OrrSouth Carolina18221873 361859-61William PenningtonNew Jersey 17961862 371861-63Galusha A. GrowPennsylvania1823 38-401863-69Schuyler ColfaxIndiana18231885 41-431869-75James G. BlaineMaine18301893 441875-76Michael C. KerrIndiana18271876 44-461876-81Samuel J. RandallPennsylvania18281890 471881-83John W. KeiferOhio1836 48-501883-89John G. CarlisleKentucky1835 511889-91Thomas B. ReedMaine1839 52, 531891-95Charles F. CrispGeorgia18451896 54, 551895-99Thomas B. ReedMaine1839 561899–Da
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
f Kentucky, speaks for union in the Senate, and offers resolutions for amending the Constitution......Dec. 18, 1860 [These resolutions, known as the Crittenden compromise measure of 1860-61, proposed to restore the compromise of 1820, and strengthen the fugitive slave law of 1850. They were rejected after a continued debate by 19 to 20, March 2, 1861.] State of South Carolina unanimously passes the ordinance of secession......Dec. 20, 1860 Robert W. Barnwell, James H. Adams, and James L. Orr, appointed commissioners by South Carolina to treat for the possession of United States property within the limits of South Carolina......Dec. 21, 1860 [On their arrival at Washington they addressed a diplomatic letter to the President, Dec. 28. The President replied, Dec. 30, but persistently refused to receive them officially.] Maj. Robert Anderson, in command at Fort Moultrie, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, abandons that fort and, with its garrison, consisting of seven offic