course in surgical pathology and operative surgery, under Sir Joseph Lister.
Graduating at Edinburgh, he went to Dublin, and was appointed resident student in the Rotunda Hospital, one of the most extensive and renowned maternity institutions in Europe.
While there he attended the clinics of Stokes and Corrigan, also the eye clinics of the talented Sir William Wilde, father of the aesthetic Oscar Wilde.
From Dublin he went to London, and took the surgical courses of Ferguson, Erichson and Paget, attending the eye clinics of Bowman and Critchett, at Moorefield Eye Hospital, Leaving London he went to Paris and continued his studies in the hospitals under Telpeau, Nelaton, Jobert, Trousseau and Chassignac.
During his studentship in Edinburgh he spent his vacations in visiting all the places of historical interest in Great Britain and on the Continent, embracing a tour through the Alps on foot.
When the first notes of war between the States were sounded across the Atlantic in 1861, h