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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
Palmer, John McCauley 1817- (search)
Palmer, John McCauley 1817- Military officer; born in Eagle Creek, Scott co., Ky., Sept. 13, 1817; became a resident of Illinois in 1832; was admitted to the bar in 1840; member of the State Senate from 1852 to 1854; and a delegate to the peace convention in 1861. He was colonel of the 14th Illinois Volunteers in April, 1861; served under Fremont in Missouri; and in December was made brigadiergeneral of volunteers. He was at the capture of New Madrid and Island Number10, and commanded a brigade in the Army of the Mississippi. He commanded a division under Grant and Rosecrans in 1862, and was with the latter at the battle of Stone River. For his gallantry there he was promoted major-general. He took part in the battle of Chickamauga, and commanded the 14th Corps in the Atlanta campaign. He was governor of Illinois in 1868-72; United States Senator in 1891-97; and candidate of the gold standard Democrats for President in 1896. He died in Springfield, Ill., Sept. 25, 1900.