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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 9 3 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ohio Company, the (search)
On the night of Jan. 9, 1786, Gen. Rufus Putnam and Gen. Benjamin Tupper formed a plan for a company of soldiers of the Revolution to undertake the task of settlement on the Ohio River. The next day they issued a call for such persons who felt disposed to engage in the enterprise to meet at Boston on March 1, by delegates chosen in the several counties in Massachusetts. They met, and formed The Ohio Company. It was composed of men like Rufus Putnam, Abraham Whipple, J. M. Varnum, Samuel Holden Parsons, Benjamin Tupper, R. J. Meigs, whom Americans think of with gratitude. They purchased a large tract of land on the Ohio River; and on April 7, 1788, the first detachment of settlers sent by the company, forty-eight in number—men, women, and children—seated themselves Site of Marietta in 1781 near the confluence of the Muskingum and Ohio rivers, athwart the great war-path of the fierce Northwestern tribes when they made their bloody incursions to the frontiers of Virginia and Pen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parsons, Samuel Holden 1737- (search)
Parsons, Samuel Holden 1737- Military officer; born in Lyme, Conn., May 14, 1737; graduated at Harvard College in 1756; admitted to the bar in 1759; was a representative in the Connecticut Assembly for eighteen sessions. He was an active patriot at the beginning of the Revolution. He was made colonel of a Connecticut regiment in 1775, and engaged in the siege of Boston. In August, 1776, he was made a brigadier-general, and as such engaged in the battle on Long Island. In 1779 Parsons sParsons succeeded General Putnam in command of the Connecticut line, and in 1780 was commissioned a majorgeneral. At the close of the war he resumed the practice of law, and was appointed by Washington first judge of the Northwestern Territory. He was also employed to treat with the Indians for the extinguishment of their titles to the Connecticut Western Reserve, in northern Ohio. He went to the new territory in 1787; settled there; and was drowned in the Big Beaver River, Ohio, Nov. 17, 1789.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
Revolutionary War, The popular name of the struggle of the American colonies against Great Britain for independence in 1775-83; also known in American history as the first war for independence. For a detailed statement of causes the reader is referred to Declaration of Independence. The following is a chronological record of the war: Battle of Lexington, Mass., at dawn of April 19, 1775 Col. Samuel H. Parsons and Benedict Arnold plan, at Hartford, Conn. the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, N. Y. April 27. 1775 Arnold leads his company from New Haven to Boston, arriving April 29, 1775 Fort Ticonderoga captured by Ethan Allen May 10, 1775 Crown Point, N. Y., captured by Americans May 12, 1775 Americans under Benedict Arnold capture St. John, Canada May 1, 1775 British Generals Howe, Clinton, and Burgoyne arrive at Boston from England with troops May 25, 1775 Congress votes to raise 20,000 menJune 14, 1775 George Washington is unanimously elected by Congress commander-in-ch
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut, (search)
ndependence in 1776. He was elected governor annually until 1784. The name Brother Jonathan, humorously bestowed upon him by General Washington, has been applied to the United States.] Eliphalet Dyer, Roger Sherman, and Silas Deane elected at Norwich to the first Continental Congress......June 6, 1774 Israel Putnam, of Pomfret, Conn., hastens to Boston on hearing of the battle of Lexington; arrives......April 21, 1775 [Riding on one horse 100 miles in eighteen hours.] Col. Samuel H. Parsons and Benedict Arnold, at Hartford, plan the capture of Ticonderoga......April 27, 1775 Benedict Arnold marches from New Haven with his company and reaches Boston......April 29, 1775 Surrender of Ticonderoga to Col. Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold......May 10, 1775 General Assembly authorize bills of credit to $500,000 to equip eight regiments......May 11, 1775 Ex-Governor Tryon, with 2,000 men, destroys Danbury......April 26, 1777 [Gen. David Wooster, of Connecticut, is
Crawford, being captured by the Indians, is put to death with barbarity......June 11, 1782 Virginia legislature authorizes her delegates to convey the Northwest Territory to the United States......Dec. 20, 1783 Virginia deed of cession dated......March 1, 1784 New Ohio Company formed in Boston......1786 Rufus Putnam, Samuel Parsons, and Manasseh Cutler made directors of the Ohio Company......March, 1787 Northwest territorial government established......July 13, 1787 Gen. Samuel H. Parsons appointed judge in and over the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio River......1787 Mayflower leaves Sumrill's Ferry on the Youghiogheny with pioneers from Danvers, Mass., and Hartford, Conn., to form a permanent settlement in Ohio......April 2, 1788 They land at Marietta......April 7, 1788 First meeting of the agents and directors of the Ohio Company west of the Alleghanies; they name the place Marietta, after Marie Antoinette, Queen of France......July 2,