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7, the law school was established. Thus Colonel Royal was indirectly an originator of that school. Professor Parker held office for eleven years, and, in 1827, resigned. Hon. Asahel Stearns (brother of Dr. Stearns, of Medford) was then chosen, 1817, and served acceptably till 1829, when John Hooker Ashman succeeded. He died, in office, in 1833; and, in 1834, Hon. Simon Greenleaf was chosen, and performed his duties with eminent success. He resigned in 1848, and was succeeded by Hon. Theophilus Parsons, who is now in office. These distinguished jurisconsults have each paid a tribute of respect to the memory of Colonel Royal, of Medford, and have recognized him as the primal cause of the establishment of a permanent school for that second of sciences, jurisprudence. Colonel Isaac Royal was born, in the Island of Antigua, in 1719. The English had established themselves there as early as 1636. The father of our townsman, who gave his own Christian name to his son, possessed g
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
77 Horace Maynard June2, 1880 Thomas L. JamesMarch 5, 1881 Timothy O. HoweDec. 20, 1881 Walter Q. GreshamApril 3, 1883 Frank Hatton Oct. 14, 1884 William F. VilasMarch 6, 1885 Don M. DickinsonJan. 16, 1888 John Wanamaker March 5, 1889 Wilson S. BissellMarch 6, 1893 William L. WilsonFeb. 28, 1895 James A. GaryMarch 5, 1897 Charles E. SmithApril21, 1898 March 5, 1901 Attorneys-General. Edmund Randolph Sept.26,1789 William BradfordJan.27,1794 Charles Lee Dec. 10,1795 Theophilus Parsons Feb. 20,1801 Levi Lincoln March 5,1801 Robert Smith March 3,1805 John Breckinridge Aug. 7,1805 Caesar A. RodneyJan. 28,1807 William Pinkney Dec. 11,1811 Richard Rush Feb. 10,1814 William WirtNov.13,1817 John M. BerrienMarch 9,1829 Roger B. TaneyJuly 20,1831 Benjamin F. ButlerNov. 15,1833 Felix Grundy July 5,1838 Henry D. GilpinJan. 11,1840 John J. Crittenden March 5,1841 Hugh S. LegareSept.13,1841 John Nelson July 1,1843 John Y. MasonMarch 6,1845 Nathan Clifford Oc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Engineering. (search)
lmost universal use of rotary motion, and of the reduplication of parts. The steam-engine is a machine of reciprocating, converted into rotary, motion by the crank. The progress of mechanical engineering during the nineteenth century is measured by the improvements of the steam-engine, principally in the direction of saving fuel, by the invention of internal combustion or gas-engines, the application of electrical transmission, and, latest, the practical development of steam turbines by Parsons, Westinghouse, Delaval, Curtis, and others. In these a jet of steam impinges upon buckets set upon the circumference of a wheel. Their advantages are that their motion is rotary and not reciprocal. They can develop speed of from 5,000 to 30,000 revolutions per minute, while the highest ever attained by a reciprocating engine is not over 1,000. Their thermodynamic losses are less, hence they consume less steam and less fuel. Duplication of parts has lowered the cost of all products.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Habeas corpus, (search)
en suspended by State authority in Rhode Island for a brief time during Dorr's rebellion). See Dorr, Thomas Wilson. President suspends the writ in Key West, Tortugas, and Santa Rosa May 10, 1861 Further extensionJuly 2, 1861 Chief-Justice Taney issues a writ of Habeas corpus May 27, to Gen. Geo. Cadwallader on appeal by John Merryman, of Baltimore, then confined in Fort McHenry [On the general's refusal to obey the writ Taney attempts to arrest him, but fails.]May 25, 1861 Theophilus Parsons supports President's power to suspendJune 5, 1861 Attorney-General Bates asserts the President's power to declare martial law and suspend the writ of habeas corpusJuly 5, 1861 One hundred and seventy-four persons committed to Fort Lafayette,July to Oct., 1861 Suspension of the writ made generalSept. 24, 1862 Congress by act upholds this powerMarch 3, 1863 Vallandigham arrestedMay 4 1863 President suspends by proclamationSept. 15, 1863 All persons held under suspension of the wri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Helena, battle at. (search)
Helena, battle at. There was a sharp struggle between the National and Confederate troops at Helena, Ark., on the west side of the Mississippi, on July 4, 1863. Gen. B. M. Prentiss was in command there. The Confederates in that region were under the command of General Holmes, assisted by Generals Price, Marmaduke, Fagan, Parsons, McRae, and Walker, and were the remnants of shattered armies, about 8,000 strong in effective men. The post at Helena was strongly fortified. It had a garrison of 3,000 men, supported by the gunboat Tyler. Holmes was ignorant of the real strength of Prentiss, and made a bold attack upon the works. At three o'clock in the afternoon the Confederates were repulsed at all points, and withdrew with a loss, reported by Holmes, of 20 per cent. of the entire force, or 1,636 men. Prentiss lost 250 men. The Confederate loss must have been much greater than Holmes reported, for Prentiss buried 300 of their dead left behind, and captured 1,100 men.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Huntington, Ebenezer 1754-1834 (search)
Huntington, Ebenezer 1754-1834 Military officer; born in Norwich, Conn., Dec. 26, 1754; graduated at Yale College in 1775, and joined the patriot army as lieutenant in Wyllys's regiment. He served under Heath, Parsons, and Watts, and commanded the regiment of the latter in Rhode Island in 1778 as lieutenantcolonel. At Yorktown he commanded a battalion of infantry, and served on General Lincoln's staff until the end of the war, when he was made a general of the Connecticut militia. Huntington was named by Washington for brigadier-general in 1798. In 1810-11 and 1817-19 he was a member of Congress. He died in Norwich, June 17, 1834.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), King, Rufus 1755-1827 (search)
King, Rufus 1755-1827 Statesman; born in Scarboro, Me., March 14, 1755; graduated at Harvard in 1777; studied law with Theophilus Parsons, in Newburyport, and in 1778 became aide-de-camp on General Glover's staff, in the expedition against the British on Rhode Island. In 1785 he was an earnest advocate of the absolute freedom of the slaves, to be secured by the operation of an act of Congress, making such freedom a fundamental principle of the Constitution. Mr. King and General Schuyler were chosen the first representatives of New York in the national Senate of 1789, under the new Constitution. Mr. King was a leading Federalist. From 1798 to 1804 he was American minister to Great Britain; and in 1818 he was sent to the United States Senate for the third time. He was an able leader of the opposition to the admission of Missouri under the terms of the compromise as a slave-labor State. In 1825 he accepted the appointment of minister to England, but returned in feeble health th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Long Island. (search)
by the Germans, under General de Heister. The combined forces formed a thoroughly disciplined army. It was obvious that they intended to gain the rear of the Americans by the Bedford and Jamaica passes. At three o'clock on the morning of the 27th word reached Putnam that his pickets at the lower pass (below the present Greenwood Cemetery) had been driven in. He immediately sent General Lord Stirling with some Delaware and Maryland troops to repulse the invaders. He was followed by General Parsons with some Connecticut troops. Beyond Gowanus Creek, Stirling found himself confronted by overwhelming numbers under General Grant, with some of Howe's ships on his right flank. At the same time the Germans, under De Heister and Knyphausen, were moving to force their way at the pass farther eastward (now in Prospect Park); while Howe, with the main body of the British, under Clinton and Cornwallis, was pressing towards the Bedford and Jamaica passes to gain the rear of the Americans.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parsons, Theophilus 1750-1813 (search)
Parsons, Theophilus 1750-1813 Jurist; born in Byfield, Mass., Feb. 24, 1750; graduated at Harvard College in 1769; admitted to the bar in 1774; and was at the head of a grammar-school in Falmouth (now Portland), Me., when it was destroyed. He began practice in Newburyport in 1777, and in 1780 was one of the principal framers of the State constitution of Massachusetts. He removed to Boston in 1800, where, until his death, he was regarded as the brightest of the legal lights of New England. He had been a zealous advocate of the national Constitution in 1788, and in 1806 was made chiefjustice of Massachusetts. His decisions are embraced in six volumes. His memory was wonderful, and he was eloquent as a speaker. His Opinions were published in New York in 1836, under the title of Commentaries on American law. He died in Boston, Oct. 30. 1813. Lawyer; born in Newburyport, Mass., May 17, 1797; graduated at Harvard College in 1815; studied law; was Professor of Law in Harva
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parsons' case, the (search)
Parsons' case, the A short crop of tobacco in Virginia having enhanced the value of that staple, and the issuing of bills of credit (1755) for the first time in that province having depreciated the currency, the Assembly passed a temporary act authorizing the payment of all tobacco debts in the depreciated currency, at a stipulated price. Three years later (1758) an expected short crop caused the re-enactment of this tender-law. The salaries of the parish ministers, sixty-five in number, were payable in tobacco, and they were likely to become losers by this tender-law. The clergy sent an agent to England, who obtained an Order in Council pronouncing the law void. Suits were brought to recover the difference between twopence per pound in depreciated currency and the tobacco, to which, by law, the ministers were entitled. In defending one of these suits the rare eloquence of Patrick Henry was first developed.
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