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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 127 5 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 122 2 Browse Search
Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 107 1 Browse Search
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion 105 1 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore) 95 1 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1. 88 4 Browse Search
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade) 55 3 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 48 6 Browse Search
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee 38 2 Browse Search
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them. 28 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore). You can also browse the collection for Robert Patterson or search for Robert Patterson in all documents.

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emy's forces at Manassas and those in the valley of Virginia, before Winchester, which had been held in check by Major-General Patterson. Brigadier-General Tyler was directed to move with three of his brigades on the Warrenton road, and commence d without my even seeing them, and without having been together before.in a brigade. The sending reinforcements to General Patterson, by drawing off the wagons, was a further and unavoidable cause of delay. Notwithstanding the Herculean efforts ofanassas, I engaged not to have to do with the enemy's forces under Johnston, then kept in check in the valley by Major-General Patterson, or those kept engaged by Major-General Butler, and I know every effort was made by the General-in-Chief that this should be done, and that even if Johnston joined Beauregard, it would not be because he could be followed by General Patterson, but from causes not necessary for me to refer to, you knew them all. This was not done, and the enemy was free to asse
lines opposite Washington. For this order, see page 1, ante. Some changes have been made since this order was published, and the corps has been strengthened by the accession of two regular field-batteries. The effective strength of the infantry, under McDowell, may be taken at 30,000, and there are about sixty field-pieces at his disposal, and a force of about ten squadrons of cavalry. Here follows an account of McClellan's Division in Western Virginia. The division under Gen. Patterson is about 22,000 strong, and has three batteries of artillery attached to it; and Gen. Mansfield, who commands the army of Washington and the reserve watching the Capitol, has under him a corps of 16,000 men almost exclusively volunteers; Gen. McDowell has also left a strong guard in his intrenchments along the right bank of the Potomac, guarding the bridges and covering the roads to Alexandria, Fairfax, and Falls Church. The division in military occupation of Maryland under Gen. Banks,
ards Fairfax, and the master stroke was at once made, to order Johnston down from Winchester, by forced marches, before Patterson could get down on the other side. Johnston's troops marched all twenty-six miles, then crowded into the railroad, came General Beauregard determined to attack them in several columns at once the next morning, so as to cut them up before Patterson could arrive — but our scouts came early in the morning, informing the generals that the enemy had been in motion sinceall the available regulars in the service. The Second and Third Infantry, at least, and Doubleday's battalion, late of Patterson's column, it is believed, were in the action, as also some three three thousand collected at Washington for service. [nt the absolute necessity of such a movement) received orders to form the junction, it came at a fortunate moment, when Patterson had moved to Charleston, twenty-four miles distant, and had placed it out of his power to attack us in the rear. Only
ousand men to oppose our troops, which number less than fifty thousand. The rebel force was too great to withstand, and General McDowell has fallen back upon his intrenchments at Alexandria. The junction of Johnston with Beauregard it was General Patterson's business to prevent. It is not right to blame a commander without knowing all the circumstances which controlled his actions, and we must remember that all blame of subordinates falls at last upon the commander-in-chief. Nevertheless it is impossible not to see that the army corps of Patterson has not performed its very important share in the general attack, and that in this way only is the temporary retreat of our main army brought about. Meantime, in the general anxiety, we must remember that the strong fortifications which General Scott wisely erected opposite Washington will give our troops a rallying point, where they will make a stand.--N. Y. Evening Post. This defeat will in no degree weaken the Northern country or
that they know, being destined to decide the fate of the Union forever. But the most extraordinary case is that of General Patterson's army. The general, according to his own account, was in front of General Johnston, who had 40,000 men. My force itself expires in the effort to make its own award. The gentleman who is likeliest to figure as culprit-in-chief is Gen. Patterson, who commanded the troops at Harper's Ferry, and whose special business it was to give an account of Gen. Johnston, tion of Gen. Johnston's troops with those of Gen. Beauregard, on the 21st, decided the fortune of the day, and that if Gen. Patterson had done his duty, that unpropitious junction would have been avoided. It is the old tale of Grouchy and Blucher at d against instead of one--a circumstance which would have made all the difference. In the next place, before blaming Gen. Patterson, we ought to ask whether he was in a position to do all that was required of him. The same journal which censures him
Doc. 92.-movement on Bunker hill. Bunker hill, Berkeley Co., Va., July 16, 1861. Gen. Patterson moved, with his whole column, except two regiments, early yesterday morning to this place, where it is now encamped, ten miles from Martinsburg and twelve from Winchester. The army marched in two columns, one composed of the First Division, Major-General Cadwalader, and the Second Division, Major-General Kiem commanding; and the other of the Seventh and Eighth Brigades, Cols. Stone and Buty friends in the country. They have no tents, and camp under brushwood; and in one instance, only a few days ago, they robbed a farmer of the crop he had just cut by covering their camps with wheat-sheaves. We noticed a number of their old encampments near the road in coming here, some six or seven thousand men, under Gen. Jackson, having been in this neighborhood until ten days ago, when they retired to Winchester on a false alarm that Patterson was coming. --New York Tribune, July 20.
Germantown, consisted of about 12,000. To the south of us were Col. Miles with 5,700, and Col. Heintzelman with 10,000 men. We had thus a force of about 35,000 advancing from this point towards Manassas Junction. It is understood also that Gen. Patterson was to commence his advance towards Winchester yesterday, and to push Gen. Johnston, so as to prevent him from augmenting the forces in front of this wing of the army. At half past 9 o'clock we came to a point at which the road, bordered w H. J. R. From another correspondent. Fairfax Court House, Wednesday--12 o'clock. In company with some friends, we started out at sunrise this morning to accompany the advance of the Grand Army into Virginia. It was understood that Patterson had commenced a forward movement towards Winchester, and that this was to be in combination with his. Our ride in the morning was through a beautiful wooded country, with gentle slopes, and in some places hills of considerable size. We avoided
Doc. 106.-General order no. 46. war Department, Adjutant-General's office, Washington, July 19, 1861. 1. Major-General Robert Patterson of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, will be honorably discharged from the service of the United States, on the 27th instant, when his term of duty will expire. Brevet Major-General Cadwalader, also of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, will be honorably discharged upon the receipt of this order, as his term of service expires to-day. 2. Major-General Dix, of ommand, which will in future be called the Department of Maryland, Headquarters at Baltimore. Upon being relieved by Major-General Dix, Major-General Banks will proceed to the Valley of Virginia, and assume command of the army now under Major-General Patterson, when that Department will be called the Department of the Shenandoah, Headquarters in the field. 3. The following-named general officers will be honorably discharged upon the expiration of their terms of service, as set hereinafter o
me being fearful. McDowell, with the aid of Patterson's division of twenty thousand men, had nearlen thousand fresh men to assist them; if General Patterson had only come from Martinsburg, or McCle the New York Tribune; the negligence of General Patterson in not intercepting General Johnston at ks ago it was evident that both Johnston and Patterson were influenced, in their manoeuvres, by conine of Manassas. Johnston desired to occupy Patterson in the Shenandoah valley, and Patterson desiPatterson desired to occupy Johnston in the same region. Each aimed to force the other into a position from whichington and Manassas Junction. In this game Patterson was out-generalled. Johnston excelled his awas then that Johnston, after having baffled Patterson, as Blucher baffled Grouchy, did more than would certainly have been very strange in General Patterson to come upon the field without any porti call Scott a dotard, McDowell an incapable, Patterson a coward, and distributing the responsibilit[3 more...]
Doc. 117.-General Patterson's movement. Charlestown, Va., Thursday, July 18, 1861. The army, under Gen. Patterson, has been rivalling the celebrated King of the French. With twenty thousans are used by the chiefs of departments. Gen. Patterson has his Headquarters at the residence of--hed to it a park of splendid artillery. General Patterson's command did not exceed 11,000 men, andde by 9,000 men, and not over ten guns. General Patterson knew from information derived from scoutmn would commence Tuesday. On that day, General Patterson was at Bunker Hill, having driven Johnstgard and marching on Washington; again, that Patterson would be on the line of the railroad to Harp. Gen. Johnston left Winchester. Could Gen. Patterson with eighteen thousand men (many of whom wton's advance on the left to the Capital. Gen. Patterson then fell back on Sunday morning to Harperictory, doubtless, would have been ours, for Patterson had Johnston cooped in Winchester, expecting[2 more...]
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