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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 0 Browse Search
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ia and Barcelona respectively. Fabrics and yarns were largely imported from the East into Europe for several centuries; but the manufacture of the cotton-wool, as it was long called, gradually crept into the various countries of Europe. The earliest notice in England is by Roberts, 1641, who describes the excellent goods, fustians, cermillions, dimities, and other stuffs, made by the inhabitants of Manchester, of cotton-wool brought from Smyrna and Cyprus. First made by machinery by Louis Paul in 1736-40. See Cottonmachinery. In the seventeenth century, cotton fabrics were so largely imported into England from India as to interfere with the woolen, linen, and silk interests, and the importation of cotton goods was forbidden in 1700. An act of parliament in 1721 imposed a fine of £ 5 on the wearer of cotton and £ 20 on the vendor. It was thought to be the ruin of England, and every depression in trade was charged on the cotton, which was superseding wool. Thirty years a