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Since this severe punishment, the Indians in that quarter have ceased to commit depredations on the whites. Department of the Ohio. In December last, Brigadier-General S. P. Carter made a cavalry raid into Eastern Tennessee and destroyed the Union and Wakuka Railroad bridges, a considerable amount of arms, rolling stock, etc. He returned to Kentucky with the loss of only ten men. On the thirtieth of March, Brigadier-General Gillmore engaged and defeated a large rebel force under General Pegram, near Somerset, Kentucky. Our loss in killed, wounded, and missing was only thirty; that of the enemy is estimated at five hundred. In June, the rebels attempted a raid into Harrison County, Indiana, but were driven back with the loss of sixty-three prisoners. About the same time, Colonel Sanders, with two pieces of artillery, the First Tennessee cavalry, and some detachments from General Carter's command, destroyed the railroad near Knoxville, and the bridges at Slate Creek, Str
ishing already with their lines on the Lenoir road. General Sanders, with the One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois, Forty-fifth Ohio, Eighth Michigan, and Twelfth Kentucky, are in front. The sharp crack of musketry is heard, growing more and more frequent, and the affair is getting serious. The town is filled with rumors of coming rebels. Vaughn, it is said, has crossed the river below, and will attack our positions on the south bank. A. P. Hill is marching with two corps from Virginia, and Pegram, Forrest, and Wheeler are crossing the Watauga toward the Gap, to cut off our retreat and supplies. In the mean time, as an offset, our forage-trains are bringing in corn and hay from eight miles south of the river, and the telegraph north is still working. We are anxious, of course, to know what Longstreet's intentions are. Doubtless, the cooperation of the Virginia forces was one part of his plans; but in this he will probably be disappointed, as the advance of General Meade will, doub
ade resumed its position in reserve, the fire of musketry directly in its front slackened. A few crackling shots were heard to our left, along Longstreet's division, and then a succession of volleys, which were kept up at intervals during the remainder of the evening. The musketry-fire on our right was soon renewed, and the battle raged with increased fury. Our batteries along our whole front again reopened, and Col. Walker's artillery regiment, composed of Latham's, Letcher's, Braxton's, Pegram's, Crenshaw's, Johnson's, and McIntosh's batteries, stationed in the open low grounds to the east of the railroad at Hamilton's Station, moved forward several hundred yards in the direction of Fredericksburgh. Hill's and Early's troops had driven the enemy from the woods and across the railroad in the direction of their pontoon-bridges, near Deep Run. Our men pursued them a mile and a half across the bottom-land, and fell back only when they had gotten under the shelter of their batterie
s east of Murfreesboro. The three cavalry brigades of Wheeler, Wharton, and Pegram, occupying the entire front of our infantry and covering all approaches within ht, Brig.-Gen. Wheeler proceeded with his cavalry brigade and one regiment from Pegram's, as ordered, to gain the enemy's rear. By Tuesday morning, moving on the Jefadvancing on the Lebanon road, about five miles on Breckinridge's front. Brig.-Gen. Pegram, who had been sent to that road to cover the flank of the infantry with h the road on which he had made a reconnoissance. During the afternoon, Brig.-Gen. Pegram, discovering a hospital and large numbers of stragglers in the rear of thly a few hours to feed and rest, and sending the two detached regiments back to Pegram's brigade, Wharton was ordered to the right flank, across Stone River, to assume and accomplished artillery officer, and for the cavalry forces of Wharton and Pegram, about two thousand men, to join in the attack on his right. Major-Gen. Brecki
ral Gilmore showed me a despatch just received from Col. Walker, Tenth Kentucky cavalry, dated Hazel Green, stating that he had hemmed Cluke in, and that his only way out was by way of Lexington. Col. Walker's command was composed of the Tenth Kentucky cavalry, and a portion of the Forty-fourth Ohio mounted infantry, under Lieutenant-Colonel Wilson. The General's opinion was, that Cluke would return direct to Mount Sterling and capture the detachment and the public stores at that place. Pegram was, at that time, approaching from the Cumberland, and the General was disposed to concentrate his forces, rather than disperse them. Therefore, instead of ordering me to reenforce the detachment at Mount Sterling, he ordered me to Winchester, a point half-way between Lexington and Mount Sterling, and ordered Capt. Ratcliffe, in command of Mount Sterling, to fall back on Winchester. This order was received by Captain Ratcliffe about twenty-four hours before he was attacked, and was deli
ed and prisoners. The enemy outnumbered us two to one, and were commanded by Pegram in person. Night stopped pursuit, which will be renewed in the morning. We three places. We have retaken between three hundred and four hundred cattle. Pegram's loss will not fall short of five hundred men. Gillmore, Brigadier-General. eaving Cols. Runkle and Wolford to pick up prisoners and bring up the rear. Gen. Pegram's long-planned and boasted invasion of Kentucky has ended in a destructive athe Generals in person. A surgeon, under a flag of truce, was searching for Gen. Pegram after the battle. Another account. Somerset, April 27, 1868. Theut as they came in. Had this rebel charge taken place thirty minutes sooner, as Pegram ordered and had intended, with our troops in position, they would doubtless havey announced a formidable invasion of the State under Breckinridge, Morgan, and Pegram. They left their wagon-train beyond the river with Chenault, Hamilton, and Cha
nemy pursued by the Second Ohio cavalry was composed of Chenault's, Cluke's, and Scott's cavalry. Some say, too, that Phipps's battalion was also there. All commanded by Colonel Chenault. The force upon the right was evidently the command of Pegram, numbering one thousand eight hundred men. Sidney. --Cincinnati Commercial. Rebel account of the battle. Early on the morning of the first instant, Colonel Morrison, then commanding our brigade at Albany, Kentucky, received despatches from ces of artillery for near an hour, they never forced back the brigade. Their entire force must have consisted of six or seven thousand, mostly mounted infantry, as there was a heavy force on both roads. At Hernden's we met the long looked for Pegram, who would have been greeted with many cheers but for the timidity of the men. All hearts seemed buoyed up by his arrival. He carries with him confidence wherever he goes. His appearance inspires his command with a feeling of confidence and s
Losses: Union, 2246 killed, 12,137 wounded, 3383 missing; Confed. (estimate) 2000 killed, 6000 wounded, 3400 missing; Union, Brig.-Gens. Wadsworth and Hays killed; Confed. Gens. Jones and Jenkins killed, and Stafford, Longstreet, and Pegram wounded. May 5-9, 1864: Rocky face Ridge, Ga., including Tunnel Hill, Mill Creek Gap, and Buzzard's Roost. Union, Military Division of the Mississippi, commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman: Army of the Cumberland, Maj.-Gen. Thomas; Army of the Tn, Fifth Corps and First Division Sixth Corps and Gregg's Cav.; Confed., troops of Gen. A. P. Hill's and Gen. J. B. Gordon's Corps. Losses: Union, 171 killed, 1181 wounded, 186 missing; Confed., 1200 killed and wounded; Confed., Gen. Pegram killed. February 8-14, 1865: Williston, Blackville, and Aiken, S. C. Union, Kilpatrick's Cav.; Confed., Wheeler's Cav. Losses: Union No record found.. Confed., 240 killed and wounded, 100 missing. February 10, 1865: James
talions, with twenty batteries, were assigned to the Third Corps. The equipment was as follows: 31 rifles,42 Napoleons,10 howitzers= 83in the 1st Corps 38 rifles,32 Napoleons,12 howitzers= 82in the 2d Corps 41 rifles,26 Napoleons,15 howitzers= 82in the 3d Corps Total247  The particular equipment in the battalions of the Third Corps was as follows: Cutts:10 rifles,3 Napoleons,4 howitzers= 17 Garnett:11 rifles,4 Napoleons,2 howitzers= 17 McIntosh:10 rifles,6 Napoleons, = 16 Pegram:8 rifles,9 Napoleons,24 howitzers = 19 Cutshaw:2 rifles,5 Napoleons,74 howitzers= 14 After the battle of Chattanooga-captured Confederate guns The Confederate artillery was never equal in number or weight to that of the Union armies. In the West these ancient 12-pounder howitzers were mounted on rough wooden carriages, those above, for instance. These guns are aligned in front of General Thomas' headquarters. They were taken late in November, 1863, at the battle of Chattanooga, an
ry, having re-formed, rushed onward, masking the pieces. I directed Captain Pelham then to take a position farther to the left and open a cross-fire on the Telegraph Road, which he did as long as the presence of the enemy warranted the expenditure of ammunition.’ At Antietam, Stuart again reports: ‘The gallant Pelham displayed all those noble qualities which have made him immortal. He had under his command batteries from every portion of General Jackson's command. The batteries of Poague, Pegram, and Carrington (the only ones which now recur to me) did splendid service, as also did the Stuart horse artillery, all under Pelham. The hill held on the extreme left so long and so gallantly by artillery alone, was essential to the maintenance of our position.’ It is surprising to remember that these reports are not of a war-grimed veteran but of a youth of twenty. Stilled his manly breast— All unheard sweet Nature's cadence, Trump of fame and voice of maidens, Now he takes his rest. Ea
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