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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 22 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 6 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Samuel, 1722-1803 (search)
tution, and offered a free pardon to all who should forthwith return to their allegiance, General Gage excepted Adams and Hancock, who were outlawed, and for whom he offered a reward as arch-traitors. Immediately after the Boston massacre a monster meeting of citizens of Boston Old South meeting-house. was held in the Old South Meeting-house, and appointed a committee, consisting of Samuel Adams, John Hancock, William Molineaux, William Phillips, Joseph Warren, Joshua Henshaw. and Samuel Pemberton, to call on Lieutenant-Governor Hutchinson and demand the removal of the British troops from Boston, by presenting resolutions to that effect adopted by the meeting. Adams submitted the resolutions. The lieutenant-governor and Colonel Dalrymple were disposed to temporize. Hutchinson said he had no power to remove all the troops. Adams proved that he had, by the terms of the charter. Still the crown officers hesitated. Adams resolved that there should be no more trifling with the w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champion Hills, battle of (search)
v.), hearing of the arrival of Johnston and his order for Pemberton to strike his rear, perceived the reason for the sudden eoops at the capital. No doubt they had been sent to join Pemberton that the latter might crush Grant by the weight of superimprehended his peril, and instantly took measures to meet Pemberton before such junction could take place. He ordered a conainder of the army turned their faces towards Vicksburg. Pemberton was at or near Edwards's Station, with about 25,000 troop on another road, kept up communication with McClernand. Pemberton had advanced to Champion Hills, when a note from Johnstonovey's division now held the advance directly in front of Pemberton. At eleven o'clock a battle began. Hovey's division beaforced, he renewed the battle with great energy. Finally Pemberton's left began to bend under Logan's severe pressure. and,ed and disheartened that they began to fly. Seeing this. Pemberton ordered his whole army to retreat towards the Big Black R
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chickasaw Bayou, battle of (search)
enerals Morgan, A. J. Smith, Morgan L. Smith, and F. Steele. They moved on Dec. 27, bivouacked without fire that night, and proceeded to the attack the next morning. The Nationals drove the Confederate pickets across the bayou, and everywhere the ground was so soft that causeways of logs had to be built for the passage of troops and artillery. The Nationals were seriously enfiladed by the Confederate batteries and sharp-shooters. The right of the Union troops was commanded by Gen. F. P. Blair, who led the way across the bayou over a bridge his men had built, captured two lines of rifle-pits, and fought desperately to gain the crest of the hill before him. Others followed, and a severe battle ensued. Pemberton, the Confederate chief, had arrived, and so active were the Confederates on the bluffs that the Nationals were repulsed with heavy loss. Blair lost one-third of his brigade. Darkness closed the struggle, when Sherman had lost about 2,000 men, and his antagonists only 207.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holly Springs, capture of. (search)
Holly Springs, capture of. During the siege of Vicksburg by General Grant in 1862-63, the Confederates under Van Dorn captured Holly Springs, 28 miles in the rear of the National army, on Dec. 20, 1862. The entire garrison were taken prisoners, and all the stores intended for the use of the National army were destroyed. About the same time General Forrest destroyed the railroad at various points between Columbus and Jackson. General Pemberton, knowing that it would be impossible for Grant to proceed under these circumstances, returned to Vicksburg in time to assist in repulsing the National army under Sherman, which had attacked the batteries in the immediate vicinity of Vicksburg. As a result, Sherman was obliged to relinquish his position and to get his army back into the transports. See Vicksburg, siege of.
ttitude of highest dignity, and spoke as if the hopes of humanity were dependent on his words. The Town, after deliberation, raised a new and smaller Committee, composed of Samuel Adams, Hancock, Molineux, William Phillips, Warren, Henshaw and Pemberton, to bear their final message. They found the Lieutenant Governor surrounded by the Council and by the highest officers of the British Army and Chap. XLIII.} 1770. March Navy on the Station. Hutchinson had done his utmost to get Samuel Ade official papers on the subject. I. As to the first question, all the evidence agrees that the townspeople acted on the defensive, and made no resistance till attacked. On this point we have also the emphatic statement of James Bowdoin, Samuel Pemberton, and Joseph Warren, as well as the uncontroverted reasoning of Samuel Adams. II. Did Preston give the order to fire? I think he did. 1. Disciplined men in the regular army were not likely to fire without orders. Preston himself said
rthur Lee, II. 186; Compare Hutchinson to R. Jackson, October, 1771. While these opinions were boldly uttered, Hutch- Nov. inson, in the annual Proclamation which appointed the Festival of Thanksgiving and which used to be read from every pulpit, sought to ensnare the clergy by enumerating as a cause for gratitude, that civil and religious liberties were continued, and trade enlarged. He was caught in his own toils. All the Boston ministers except one refused to read the paper; when Pemberton, of whose church the Governor was a member, began confusedly to do so; the patriots of his congregation, turning their backs on him, walked out of meeting in great indignation; and nearly all the Ministers agreed on the Thanksgiving Day to implore of Almighty God the restoration of lost liberties. Cooper to Gov. Pownall, 14, S. Adams's Papers, II. 338; also II. 297. Life of Arthur Lee, II. 186. S. Adams to Henry Marchant, 7 January, 1772. Nowise disheartened, Hutchinson waited eage