, and 36 feet deep, launched at NewcastleFeb. 17, 1874
First export of live cattle by steamer, 373 head, shipped from United States to England in the steamship EuropeanJuly, 1874
Dead-meat trade between United States and England by refrigeration commences on White Star liners Celtic and Britannic1874
Bessemer saloon steamer launched at Hull, Sept. 24, 1874, makes first voyage to GravesendMarch 5, 1875
Thingvalla line established1879
Anthracite, a steamer 84 feet long, planned by Loftus Perkins, of England, with very high-pressure engines, crosses the Atlantic, 3,316 miles, in 22 1/2 days, consuming only twenty-five tons of coal1880
Cunard steamer Etruria arrives at Quarantine, port of New York, one hour before the McKinley bill goes into effect, and Captain Haines reaches the custom-house barely a minute before midnight, saving thousands of dollars in increased dutiesMidnight, Oct. 4, 1890
Whaleback Charles W. Wetmore steams from the head of Lake Superior to Liverpool1891
he fought and defeated a British force at Hanging Rock, and totally routed a British force on the Catawba (July 12, 1780), but was afterwards (Aug. 18) surprised and defeated at Fishing Creek by Tarleton.
He soon raised another corps and repulsed Colonel Wemyss near the Broad River (Nov. 12), and at Blackstocks defeated Tarleton, who attempted to surprise him. So vigilant and brave was Sumter that the British called him the South Carolina Gamecock.
Raising three regiments, with Marion and Perkins he dreadfully harassed the British and Tories in South Carolina.
He received the thanks of Congress, Jan. 13, 1781.
Cornwallis, writing to Tarleton, said of him, He certainly has been our greatest plague in this country.
He captured the British post at Orangeburg (May, 1781), and soon afterwards those
Thomas Sumter. at Dorchester and Monk's Corner.
General Sumter was a warm friend of the national Constitution, and was member of Congress under it in 1789-93, and again in 1797-1801.