f his record, and is now in the office of the Metropolitan Water Commission, by whose courtesy we were permitted to examine its interesting pages and compile this account.
These engineers reached Walnut hill, the site of the distributing reservoir, on April 25, 1862, and it is interesting to note just here, that in their more than two-mile walk they passed near to no dwellings until reaching Winthrop, then called South street, where there was a house which was later the residence of Mr. J. W. Perkins. Seventeen houses, four of which were upon the Brooks estate, comprised all then west of and near the railway, and but three buildings housed Tufts College then.
Contrast this open plain and hill-slope with existing conditions and population.
On April 21 another party began a survey westward toward Wyman hill in West Cambridge, on which the reservoir would have been located had that route or plan been chosen.
But the eastern route, suggested by engineers Baldwin and Stevenson in 1
railroad, which laid its track between two towns all the way from Boston to Lowell.
The college was established in 1850, and had only three buildings when the reservoir and gate-house was constructed in 1863. One dwelling, the home of J. W. Perkins, had been built on Winthrop street west of the railroad a little earlier.
C. C. Stevens came next in 1870, building his house on North street.
No highway crossed the Mystic between Winthrop and Usherbridges till 1873, so when Mr. Stevens movedwas laid through this territory, and over it one street, known by various names—Lawrence, Waterworks and Capen —intersected North, Quincy and Adams streets. Several others of shorter length were opened, and on all, houses were erected, some by Mr. Perkins and Mr. Stevens, the earliest comers.
Topographically considered, this section of the town was peculiar.
The railroad bounded it on one side, Winthrop street and the lofty reservoir, then but eight years built and by some thought a menace,