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Polybius, Histories, book 4, Phillidas and the Aetolian Troops Arrive (search)
tine cavalry,The local name of Tarentine, though doubtless originating in fact, had
come to indicate a species of mercenary cavalry armed in a particular way.
Arrian, Tact. 4 distinguishes two sorts of light cavalry for skirmishing,
Tarentines armed with javelins (dorati/a), and horse archers
(i(ppotoco/tai). Cp. 11, 12,
Livy 35, 29; 37, 40. he marched to the relief of Triphylia. Triphylia. This
district is so called from Triphylus, one of the
sons of Arcas, and lies on the coast of the
Peloponnese between Elis and Messenia, facing the Libyan
Sea, and touching the south-west frontier of Arcadia. It
contains the following towns, Samicum, Lepreum, Hypana,
Typaneae, Pyrgos, Aepium, Bolax, Stylangium, Phrixa; all of
which, shortly before this, the Eleans had conquered and annexed, as well as the city of Alipheira, which had originally been
subject to Arcadia and Megalopolis, but had been exchanged
with the Eleans, for some private object of his own, by
Lydiadas when tyrant of Megalopolis.
hat would happen.
Meanwhile the king, having got rid of his heavy baggage, and
crossed the bridge over the river Alpheus, which flows right
under Heraea, came to Alipheira, which lies on a hill precipitous on every side, and the ascent of which is more than
ten stades. The citadel is on the very summit of this hill,
adorned with a tos
was a Chian, and father of another statuary
named Pantias. Paus. 6, 9, 3. and Sostratus.
The next morning being fine and bright, the king made hisCapture of Alipheira.
dispositions at daybreak. He placed parties
of men with scaling ladders at several points,
and supported each of them with bodies of
mercenaries, and detachments of Macedonian hoplites, on
the rear of these several parties. His orders being fulfilled with enthusiasm and a formidable display of power,
the garrison of Alipheira were kept continually rushing and
rallying to the particular spots to which they saw the Macedonians approaching: and while this was going on, the king