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Also we may wish for what cannot be secured by our own agency, for instance, that a particular actorGreek dramas were produced in competitions （and it is noteworthy that in the Old Comedy at Athens the play itself dramatized a contest or debate）. or athlete may win; but no one chooses what does not rest with himself, but only what he thinks can be attained by his own a
Next it would seem proper to discuss Magnificence,megalopre/peia denotes Munificence of a magnificent kind, the spending of money on a grand scale from the motive of public spirit. In discussing it Aristotle is thinking especially of the lh|tourgi/ai or public services discharged at Athens, and in other Greek cities, by wealthy individuals; such as the refitting of a naval trireme, the equipment of a dramatic chorus, and the defraying of the cost of a qewri/a or delegation representing the State at one of the great Hellenic festivals. The word literally means ‘great conspicuousness’ or splendor, but in eliciting its connotation Aristotle brings in another meaning of the verb pre/pein, viz. ‘to be fitting,’ and takes the noun to signify ‘suitability on a great scale’; and also he feels that the element ‘great’ denotes grandeur as well as mere magnitude. for this also appears to be a virtue concerned with wealth.
When therefore a man has made a mistake, and has fancied that he was loved for his character, without there having been anything in his friend's behavior to warrant the assumption, he has only himself to blame. But when he has been deceived by his friend's pretence, there is ground for complaint against the deceiver: in fact he is a worse malefactor than those who counterfeit the coinage,At Athens the penalty for coining was death. inasmuch as his offence touches something more precious than money.