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Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 190 0 Browse Search
Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War 110 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 42 0 Browse Search
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 14 0 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 14 0 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 12 0 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, for Quintius, Sextus Roscius, Quintus Roscius, against Quintus Caecilius, and against Verres (ed. C. D. Yonge) 8 0 Browse Search
Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer) 8 0 Browse Search
Aristotle, Metaphysics 6 0 Browse Search
Vitruvius Pollio, The Ten Books on Architecture (ed. Morris Hicky Morgan) 6 0 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Fragments of Book 10, Chapter 25 (search)
ning of temples, repaying those who had been the first to offend justice with the same wanton act.Hdt. 5.102 says that the Persians gave the burning by Greeks of the temple of Cybele in Sardis as an excuse for their burning the temples of Greece. When the Carians were becoming exhausted in their struggles with the Persians, they made inquiry respecting an alliance, whether they should take the Milesians to be their allies. And the oracle replied: Of old Miletus' sons were mighty men. But the terror which lay close at hand caused them to forget their former rivalry with one another and compelled them to man the triremes with all speed.The reference is to the Ionians as they saw themselves threatened by the Persian fleet. Cp. Hdt. 6.7 f. Hecataeus, the Milesian, whom the Ionians dispatched as an ambassador,Hdt. 5.36, 125 f. mentions Hecataeus in connection with the Ionian revolt, but not with
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 21 (search)
o pay fines, Zaleucus stopped their licentious behaviour by a cunningly devised punishment. That is, he made the following laws: a free-born woman may not be accompanied by more than one female slave, unless she is drunk; she may not leave the city during the night, unless she is planning to commit adultery; she may not wear gold jewelry or a garment with a purple border, unless she is a courtesan; and a husband may not wear a gold-studded ring or a cloak of MilesianMiletus was noted for the luxurious life of its inhabitants. fashion unless he is bent upon prostitution or adultery. Consequently, by the elimination, with its shameful implications,The preceding legislation of Zaleucus has been cited as an example of "imperfect" laws, that is, those which lack any penal sanction other than the offender's sense of shame or the infamy attaching to him (cp. S. Pufendorf, De jure naturae et gentium, 1.6.14). of the penalties he
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 36 (search)
Greeks use the nineteen-year cycle and are not cheated of the truth.Meton certainly was too good an astronomer to have spoken of "stars." This Metonic Cycle was designed to adjust the lunar year, which all the Greeks used, to the solar year. Its scheme called for the intercalation of seven lunar months in the nineteen years. Modern computation shows that 235 lunations are 6,939 days, 16.5 hours, and 19 solar years are 6,939 days, 14.5 hours. An inscription from Miletus reveals that in 432 B.C. the summer solstice, which is the beginning of the solar year, fell on the 13th day of the month Scirophorion, the date given by Diodorus for the beginning of Meton's 19-year cycle. See B. D. Meritt, The Athenian Calendar in the Fifth Century, p. 88. In Italy the Tarantini removed the inhabitants of Siris,On the gulf of Tarentum. as it is called, from their native city, and adding to them colonists from their own citizens, they founded a
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 68 (search)
Brasidas, confiding in the multitude of his soldiers, now advanced with his army against the city known as Amphipolis. This city Aristagoras of Miletus at an earlier time had undertaken to found as a colony,In 497 B.C.; cp. Hdt. 5.126. when he was fleeing from Darius, the king of the Persians; after his death the colonists were driven out by the Thracians who are called Edones, and thirty-two years after this event the Athenians dispatched ten thousand colonists to the place. In like manner these colonists also were utterly destroyed by Thracians at Drabescus,Cp. Book 11.70.5. and two years laterTwenty-nine years later, according to Thuc. 4.102.3. the Athenians again recovered the city, under the leadership of Hagnon. Since the city had been the object of many a battle, Brasidas was eager to master it. Consequently he set out against it with a strong force, and pitching his camp near the bridge,Over the Strymon River and not far fro
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 38 (search)
henians recovered themselves, and since he was the author of many other measures for the benefit of his country, he was the recipient of no small approbation. But these events took place at a little later time, and for the war the Athenians appointed Thrasyllus and Thrasybulus generals, who collected the fleet at Samos and trained the soldiers for battle at sea, giving them daily exercises. But Mindarus, the Lacedaemonian admiral, was inactive for some time at Miletus, expecting the aid promised by Pharnabazus; and when he heard that three hundred triremes had arrived from Phoenicia, he was buoyed up in his hopes, believing that with so great a fleet he could destroy the empire of the Athenians. But when a little later he learned from sundry persons that Pharnabazus had been won over by Alcibiades and had sent the fleet back to Phoenicia, he gave up the hopes he had placed in Pharnabazus, and by himself, after equipping both the
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 63 (search)
the Athenians and had been of great service to his country, had acquired the greatest influence among the Syracusans, but afterwards, when he had been sent as admiral in command of thirty-five triremes to support the Lacedaemonians,Cp. chap. 34.4. he was overpowered by his political opponents and, upon being condemned to exile, he handed over the fleet in the PeloponnesusXen. Hell. 1.1.31 states that the new commanders took over the Syracusan ships and troops at Miletus. to the men who had been dispatched to succeed him. And since he had struck up a friendship with Pharnabazus, the satrap of the Persians, as a result of the campaign, he accepted from him a great sum of money with which, after he had arrived at Messene, he had five triremes built and hired a thousand soldiers. Then, after adding to this force also about a thousand of the Himeraeans who had been driven from their home, he endeavoured with the aid of his friends to ma
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 70 (search)
did not let their spirits sink, but they chose as admiral Lysander, a man who was believed to excel all others in skill as a general and who possessed a daring that was ready to meet every situation. As soon as Lysander assumed the command he enrolled an adequate number of soldiers from the Peloponnesus and also manned as many ships as he was able. Sailing to Rhodes he added to his force the ships which the cities of Rhodes possessed, and then sailed to Ephesus and Miletus. After equipping the triremes in these cities he summoned those which were supplied by Chios and thus fitted out at Ephesus a fleet of approximately seventy ships. And hearing that Cyrus,Cyrus the Younger, whose later attempt to win the Persian throne is told in Xenophon's Anabasis. Persia had finally decided to throw its power behind the combatant which could not support a fleet without Persian assistance. Cyrus was sent down as "caranus (lord) of all those who