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I replied that we must indeed remember all these, but must imitate the wisdom of our forefathers, and beware of their mistakes and their unseasonable jealousies; I urged that we should emulate the battle that we fought at Plataea, the struggles off the shores of Salamis, the battles of Marathon and Artemisium, and the generalship of Tolmides, who with a thousand picked men of the Athenians fearlessly marched straight through the Peloponnesus, the enemy's country.
For, as the people of the Paralus say,The citizen crew of the dispatch-ship Paralus. and those who have been ambassadors to Alexander—and the story is sufficiently credible—there is one Aristion, a man of Plataean status,The “Plataean status” was that of foreigners （slaves in some cases） who had received citizenship in return for services to the state. The status was named “Plataean” after those Plataean exiles who were made Athenian citizens after the destruction of Plataea in the fifth year of the Peloponnesian war. son of Aristobulus the apothecary, known perhaps to some of you. This young man, distinguished for extraordinary beauty of person, once lived a long time in Demosthenes' house （what he used to do there or what was done to him, is a scandal that is in dispute, and the story is one that would be quite improper for me to repeat）. Now I am told that this Aristion, his origin and personal history being unknown to the king, is worming himself into favour with
you now propose to crown with a golden crown Demosthenes, a man who has not indeed “transported” the gold of the Medes, but has received it as a bribe, and keeps it to this day. Think you not that Themistocles and those who died at Marathon and at Plataea, and the very sepulchres of your fathers, will groan aloud, if the man who admits that he has negotiated with the barbarians against the Greeks shall receive a cr
at that time there were some who assured us that Thespiae and Plataea would be rebuilt, that Philip, if he gained the mastery, would protect the Phocians and break up Thebes into villages, and that you would retain Oropus and receive Euboea in exchange for Amphipolis. Led on by these false hopes and cajoleries, you abandoned the Phocians against your own interests and against justice and honor. But you will find that I neither took part in this deception, nor passed it over in silence, but spoke out boldly, as I am sure you remember, saying that I had neither knowledge nor expectation of such results and that all such talk was nonsense.
the men,Aeschines and, in particular, Philocrates （Dem. 19.46）. I say, who told you that I, being a water-drinker, was naturally a disagreeable, cross-grained fellow, and that Philip, if he got through the Pass, would do just what you would pray for, would fortify Thespiae and Plataea, and humble the Theban pride, and dig a trench across the ChersoneseTo protect the Greek cities from the raids of the Thracians. at his own charges, and restore to you Euboea and Oropus in lieu of Amphipolis. All this was said from this very platform, as I am sure you recollect, although you are not remarkable for keeping in mind those who injure y
For, if it belongs to the original conquerors, have not we a right to hold it? It was my ancestor, Alexander,Readers of Herodotus will remember Alexander, who after Salamis tried to tempt the Athenians to desert the Greek cause （Hdt. 8.140）, but made amends by revealing to them the decision of the Persians before Plataea （Hdt. 9.44）; and also the statue erected at Delphi from the plunder of Salamis （Hdt. 8.121）. But Amphipolis was not in existence at the time, nor were the Persians in their retreat attacked by Macedonians but by Thracians （Hdt. 9.89）. Perhaps the Macedonians had their own history of the Persian invasion. who first occupied the site, and, as the first-fruits of the Persian captives taken there, set up a g
On an earlier occasion, when Perdiccas,According to Herodotus, it was the Thracians, not the Macedonians, who harassed the retreating Persians, and the king of Macedonia was Alexander, the father of Perdiccas. who was king of Macedonia at the time of the Persian invasions, destroyed the barbarians who were retreating after their defeat at Plataea and so completed the discomfiture of the Great King, they did not vote him the citizenship, but only gave him immunity from taxes; because, I presume, they regarded their own country as great, glorious, and venerable, and as something greater than any service rendered. But now, Athenians, you make citizens of the scum of mankind, menial sons of menial fathers, charging a price for it as for any other