age, and beyond what his equals could do, if they are done in such a manner, in
such a place, and at such a time, they will possess importance in actions that
are noble, good, or just, or the opposite. Hence the epigramSimonides, Frag. 163 （P.L.G.
3.）. on the Olympian victor:
Formerly, with a rough basketOr,
the yoke to which the basket, like our milk-pails long ago, was
attached. on my shoulders, I used to carry fish from
Argos to Tegea.
And Iphicrates lauded himself, saying, “Look what I started
from!” And that which is natural is
a greater good than that which is acquired, because it is harder. Whence the
Self-taught am I.Hom. Od. 22.347. The words are
those of the minstrel Phemius, who was forced to sing to the
suitors of Penelope.
And that which is the greatest part of that
which is great is more to be desired; as Pericles sa
to happiness. Also, if the tendency of what is done is better
and nobler, and goes beyond what is to be expected; for instance, if a man is
moderate in good fortune and stout-hearted in adversity, or if, when he becomes
greater, he is better and more forgiving. Such was the phrase of Iphicrates,
“Look what I started from !”Cp. 7.32 above. and of the Olympian victor:
Formerly, with a rough basket on my shoulders, I used to carry fish
from Argos to Tegea.Frag. 111 （P.L.G.
and of Simonides:
Daughter, wife, and sister of tyrants.Archedice, daughter of Hippias, tyrant of
Athens, and wife
of Aeantides, son of Hippocles, tyrant of Lampsacus.
Since praise is founded on actions, and acting
according to moral purpose is characteristic of the worthy man, we must endeavor
to show that a man is acting in that manner, and it is useful that it should