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Execution of Leontius The expedition to Phocis proving a failure, the king was retiring from Elatea; and while this was going on, Megaleas removed to Athens, leaving Leontius behind him as his security for his twenty talents fine. Flight of Megaleas. The Athenian Strategi however refused to admit him, and he therefore resumed his journey and went to Thebes. Meanwhile the king put to sea from the coast of Cirrha and sailed with his guardsHypaspists, originally a bodyguard to the king, had been extended in number and formed one or more distinct corps of light infantry (Grote, ch. 92). to the harbour of Sicyon, whence he went up to the city and, excusing himself to the magistrates, took up his quarters with Aratus, and spent the whole of his time with him, ordering Apelles to sail back to Corinth. Leontius put to death. But upon news being brought him of the proceedings of Megaleas, he despatched the peltasts, whose regular commander was Leontius, in the charge of Taurion to Triphylia,
Thebes Renamed Philippopolis For the first three days the king was unable to make Thebes is taken, its inhabitants enslaved, and its name changed to Philippopolis. any progress in bringing his machines against the town, owing to the gallant and even desperate defence which the garrison opposed to him. But when the continual skirm
ted to his
army that he had been justified in putting Leontius to death,
for his deliberate treachery in the previous siege of Palae.
Having thus become master of Thebes he sold its existing
inhabitants into slavery, and drafting in some Macedonian
settlers changed its name to Philippopolis.
Just as the king had finished the settlement of Thebes,
ambassadors once more came from Chios, Rhodes, Byzantium,
and King Ptolemy to negotiate terms of peace. He answered
them in much the same terms as he had the former,See supra, ch. 24. that he
was not averse to peace; and bade them go and find out
what the feelings of the Aetolians were. Meanwhile he himself cared
Contrast Between Alexander and the Aetolians "Again, you bitterly denounced Alexander, because, Alexander's services to Greece. when he believed himself to be wronged, he punished Thebes: but of his having exacted vengeance of the Persians for their outrages on all the Greeks you made no mention at all; nor of his having released us all in common from heavy miseries, by enslaving the barbarians, and depriving them of the supplies which they used for the ruin of the Greeks,—sometimes pitting the Athenians against the ancestors of these gentlemen here, at another the Thebans; nor finally of his having subjected Asia to the Greeks. "As for Alexander's successors how had you the audacityThe Diadochi. to mention them? They were indeed, according to the circumstances of the time, on many occasions the authors of good to some and of harm to others: for which perhaps others might be allowed to bear them a grudge.The Aetolian policy. But to you Aetolians it is in no circumstance open to do so,