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Apollodorus, Library (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book 3 (search)
this, Pausanias followed Herodotus, who tells us that the Phoenician colonists of
Thasos discovered wonderful gold mines there,
which the historian had visited （Hdt.
6.46ff.）, and that they had founded a sanctuary of Herakles in the
island （Hdt. 2.44）. Herodotus also
（Hdt. 7.91） represents Cilix as a son of
the Phoenician Agenor, and he tells us （Hdt.
4.147） that Cadmus, son of Agenor, left a Phoenician colony in the
island of Thera. Diodorus Siculus reports
（Diod. 5.59.2ff.） that Cadmus, son of Agenor, planted a
Phoenician colony in Rhodes, and that the
descendants of the colonists continued to hold the hereditary priesthood of Poseidon,
whose worship had been instituted by Cadmus. He mentions also that in the sanctuary of
Athena at Lindus, in Rhodes, there was a tripod of ancient style bearing a
Phoenician inscription. The statement has been confirmed in rec
oligarchy, because both the handsome and the tall are few in number. Nevertheless it is not enough to define
these constitutions even by wealth and free birth only; but inasmuch as there
are more elements than one both in democracy and in oligarchy, we must add the
further distinction that neither is it a democracy if the freei.e. those of citizen birth. being few
govern the majority who are not of free birth, as for instance at Apollonia on the Ionian Gulf and at
Thera （for in each of
these cities the offices of honor were filled by the specially noble families
who had been the first settlers of the colonies, and these were few out of
many）, nor is it a democracyPerhaps
the Greek should be altered here to give ‘an
oligarchy.’ if the rich rule because they are in a
majority, as in ancient times at Colophon （for there the majority of the population
owned large property before the war against the Lydians took place）,
ns, Phocians, and Locrians.
The other states sent infantry.
This was the Lacedaemonian confederacy.
That of Athens comprised the Chians, Lesbians, Plateans, the Messenians in
Naupactus, most of the Acarnanians, the Corcyraeans, Zacynthians, and some
tributary cities in the following countries, viz., Caria upon the sea with
her Dorian neighbors, Ionia, the Hellespont, the Thracian towns, the islands
lying between Peloponnese and Crete towards the east, and all the Cyclades
except Melos and Thera.
Of these, ships were furnished by Chios, Lesbos, and Corcyra, infantry and
money by the rest.
Such were the allies of either party and their resources for the war.