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Browsing named entities in Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham). You can also browse the collection for Athens (Greece) or search for Athens (Greece) in all documents.

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Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), Fragments (search)
a deliberate bowdlerization of the legend. Xuthus, King of Peloponnesus, married Creusa, daughter of Erechtheus, King of Athens, after whose death he was banished; but Creusa's son Ion was recalled to aid Athens in war with Eleusis, won them victorAthens in war with Eleusis, won them victory, and died and was buried in Attica. of Xuthus.> *)ek tw=n *(hraklei/dou peri\ *politeiw=n. Erechtheus was succeeded as king by Pandion, who divided up his realm among his sons Schol. Aristoph. Wasur. Hipp. 11. He came to Scyros Athens, father of Theseus, is not connected in any extant myth with the Aegean island of Scyros.> Schol. Va *)ek tw=n *(hraklei/dou peri\ *politeiw=n. Kings were no longer chosen from the house of Codrus,King of Athens, died 1068 B.C. (by the mythical chronology). because they were thought to be luxurious and to have become soft. But one
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 12 (search)
out the cancellation of debts, and those who were in slavery before but were liberated by the Shaking-off of Burdens:But what did I leave unachieved, of allThe ends for which I did unite the people?Whereof before the judgement-seat of TimeThe mighty mother of the Olympian gods, Black Earth, would best bear witness, for 'twas IRemoved her many boundary-postsi.e. posts marking mortgaged estates. implanted:Ere then she was a slave, but now is free.And many sold away I did bring homeTo god-built Athens, this one sold unjustly, That other justly; others that had fledFrom dire constraint of need, uttering no moreTheir Attic tongue, so widely had they wandered,And others suffering base slaveryEven here, trembling before their masters' humors,I did set free. These deeds I make prevail,Adjusting might and right to fit together,And did accomplish even as I had promised.And rules of law alike for base and noble,Fitting straight justice unto each man's case,I drafted. Had another than myselfTak
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 15 (search)
ecelus, but from there he went on to the neighborhood of Pangaeus, from where he got money and hired soldiers, and in the eleventh year went again to Eretria, and now for the first time set about an attempt to recover his power by force, being supported in this by a number of people, especially the Thebans and Lygdamis of Naxos, and also the knights who controlled the government of Eretria. Winning the battle of Pallenis,The deme Pallene, dedicated to Athena Pallenis, lay just N.E. of Athens. he seized the government and disarmed the people; and now he held the tyranny firmly, and he took Naxos and appointed Lygdamis ruler. The way in which he disarmed the people was this: he held an armed muster at the Temple of Theseus, and began to hold an Assembly, but he lowered his voice a little, and when they said they could not hear him, he told them to come up to the forecourt of the Acropolis, in order that his voice might carry better; and while he used up time in making a
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 16 (search)
e notables and the men of the people were most of them willing for him to govern, since he won over the former by his hospitality and the latter by his assistance in their private affairs, and was good-natured to both. And also the laws of Athens concerning tyrants were mild at those periods, among the rest particularly the one that referred to the establishment of tyranny. For they had the following law: 'These are the ordinances and ancestral principles of Athens: if any persons riseed to both. And also the laws of Athens concerning tyrants were mild at those periods, among the rest particularly the one that referred to the establishment of tyranny. For they had the following law: 'These are the ordinances and ancestral principles of Athens: if any persons rise in insurrection in order to govern tyrannically, or if any person assists in establishing the tyranny, he himself and his family shall be disfranchised.'The genuineness of section 10 may be questioned.
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 18 (search)
Affairs were now under the authority of Hipparchus and Hippias, owing to their station and their ages, but the government was controlled by Hippias, who was the elder and was statesmanlike and wise by nature; whereas Hipparchus was fond of amusement and love-making, and had literary tastes: it was he who brought to Athens poets such as Anacreon and Simonides, and the others. Thettalus was much younger, and bold and insolent in his mode of life, which proved to be the source of all their misfortunes. For he fell in love with Harmodius, and when his advances were continually unsuccessful he could not restrain his anger, but displayed it bitterly in various ways, and finally when Harmodius's sister was going to be a Basket-carrierBaskets holding the requisites for the religious service were carried by maidens of high birth. in the procession at the Panathenaic Festival he prevented her by uttering some insult against Harmodius as being effeminate; and the consequent
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 19 (search)
patriots and fighters game, They showed the stock from which they came!Anon. So as they were failing in everything else, they contracted to build the temple at Delphi,It had been burnt down in 548 B.C. Apparently they made a profit on the contract, but rebuilt it to the satisfaction of the priestess. and so acquired a supply of money for the assistance of the Spartans. And the Pythian priestess constantly uttered a command to the Spartans, when they consulted the oracle, to liberate Athens, until she brought the Spartiates to the point, although the Peisistratidae were strangers to them; and an equally great amount of incitement was contributed to the Spartans by the friendship that subsisted between the Argives and the Peisistratidae. As a first step, therefore, they dispatched Anchimolus with a force by sea; but he was defeated and lost his life, because the Thessalian Cineas came to the defence with a thousand cavalry. Enraged at this occurrence, they dispatched t
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 23 (search)
, and carried on the administration, having gained the leadership by no definite resolution but owing to its having been the cause of the naval battle of Salamis. For the Generals had been reduced to utter despair by the situation and had made a proclamation that every man should see to his own safety; but the Council provided a fund and distributed eight drachmas a head and got them to man the ships. For this reason, therefore, the Generals gave place to the Council in esteem. And Athens was well governed in these periods; for during this time it occurred that the people practised military duties and won high esteem among the Greeks and gained the supremacy of the sea against the will of the Lacedaemonians. The heads of the PeopleSee 2.3 n. in these periods were Aristeides son of Lysimachus and Themistocles son of Neocles, the latter practising to be skillful in military pursuits, and the former in politics,The Greek should perhaps be altered to give 'the latter pra
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 27 (search)
advice of Damonides of Oea (who was believed to suggest to Pericles most of his measures, owing to which they afterwards ostracized him), since he was getting the worst of it with his private resources, to give the multitude what was their own, and he instituted payment for the jury-courts; the result of which according to some critics was their deterioration, because ordinary persons always took more care than the respectable to cast lots for the duty. Also it was after this that the organized bribery of juries began, Anytus having first shown the way to it after his command at PylosPylos (Navarino) on the W. coast of Peloponnesus, had been taken by Athens 425 B.C, but was retaken by Sparta 409 B.C. Anytus (see also Aristot. Ath. Pol. 34.3, one of the prosecutors of Socrates) was sent with 30 triremes to its relief, but owing to weather never got round Cape Malea.; for when he was brought to trial by certain persons for having lost Pylos he bribed the court and got off.
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 28 (search)
promise to add to the two obols another obol. Both of these two leaders were afterwards condemned to death; for even though the multitude may be utterly deceived, subsequently it usually hates those who have led it to do anything improper. From Cleon onward the leadership of the People was handed on in an unbroken line by the men most willing to play a bold part and to gratify the many with an eye to immediate popularity. And it is thought that the best of the politicians at Athens after those of early times were Nicias, Thucydides and Theramenes. As to Nicias and Thucydides, almost everybody agrees that they were not only honorable gentlemen but also statesmanlike and patriotic servants of the whole state, but about Theramenes, owing to the confused nature of the constitutional changes that took place in his time, the verdict is a matter of dispute. However, the view of writers not making mere incidental references is that he was not a destroyer of all governments,
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution (ed. H. Rackham), chapter 29 (search)
nd set up the government of the Four Hundred, Melobius making the speech on behalf of the resolutionOr 'before the resolution.' but Pythodorus of the deme Anaphlystus having drafted the motion, and the acquiescence of the mass of the citizens being chiefly due to the belief that the king would help them more in the war if they limited their constitution. The resolution of Pythodorus was as follows: 'That in addition to the ten Preliminary CouncillorsThe ten commissioners appointed at Athens after the Sicilian disaster to deal with the emergency (Thuc. 8.I), and later instructed to reform the constitution (Thuc. 67.). already existing the people choose twenty others from those over forty years of age, and that these, after taking a solemn oath to draft whatever measures they think best for the state, shall draft measures for the public safety; and that it be open to any other person also that wishes, to frame proposals, in order that they may choose the one that is best o
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