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Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 3, chapter 1 (search)
be a cause for accusation against Xenophon on the part of the Athenian government, for the reason that Cyrus was thought to have given the Lacedaemonians zealous aid in their war against Athens,See Introd., pp. 231-233. advised Xenophon to go to Delphi and consult the god in regard to this journey.
So Xenophon went and asked Apollo to what one of the gods he should sacrifice and pray in order best and most successfully to perform the journey which he had in mind and, after meeting with good fortune, to return home in safety; and Apollo in his response told him to what gods he must sacrifice.
When Xenophon came back from Delphi, he reported the oracle to Socrates; and upon hearing about it Socrates found fault with him because he did not first put the question whether it were better for him to go or stay, but decided for himself that he was to go and then asked the god as to the best way of going. “However,” he added, “since you did put the question in that way, you must do all that th<
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 5, chapter 3 (search)
the snow, a few also by disease.
There, also, they divided the money received from the sale of the booty. And the tithe, which they set apart for Apollo and for Artemis of the Ephesians, was distributed among the generals, each taking his portion to keep safely for the gods; and the portion that fell to Cheirisophus was given to Neon the Asinaean.
As for Xenophon, he caused a votive offering to be made out of Apollo's share of his portion and dedicated it in the treasury of the Athenians at Delphi, inscribing upon it his own name and that of Proxenus, who was killed with Clearchus;Xen. Anab. 2.5. for Proxenus was his friend.Xen. Anab. 3.1.4-10.
The share which belonged to Artemis of the Ephesians he left behind, at the time when he was returning from Asia with Agesilaus to take part in the campaign against Boeotia,In 394 B.C., ending in the hard-fought battle of Coronea, at which Xenophon was present. cp. Xen. Hell. 4.2.1-8, Xen. Hell. 4.3.1-21. in charge of Megabyzus, the sacristan o
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 6, chapter 1 (search)
then, roused in him an earnest desire to become sole commander. On the other hand, when he reflected that no man can see clearly how the future will turn out and that for this reason there was danger that he might even lose the reputation he had already won, he was doubtful.
Quite unable as he was to decide the question, it seemed best to him to consult the gods; and he accordingly brought two victims to the altar and proceeded to offer sacrifice to King Zeus, the very god that the oracle at Delphi had prescribed for him;cp. Xen. Anab. 3.1.5 ff. and it was likewise from this god, as he believed, that the dreamcp. Xen. Anab. 3.1.11 f. came which he had at the time when he took the first steps toward assuming a share in the charge of the army.
Moreover, he recalled that when he was setting out from Ephesus to be introduced to Cyrus,cp. Xen. Anab. 3.1.8. an eagle screamed upon his right; it was sitting, however, and the soothsayer who was conducting him said that while the omen was one su