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Queen Teuta's Pirates Their first attack was to be upon the coast of Elis and Teuta's piratical fleet, B. C. 230. Messenia, which had been from time immemorial the scene of the raids of the Illyrians. For owing to the length of their seaboard, and to the fact that their most powerful cities were inland, troops raised to resist them had a great way to go, and were long in coming to the spot where the Illyrian pirates landed; who accordingly overran those districts, and swept them clean without having anything to fear. However, when this fleet was off Phoenice in Epirus they landed to get supplies. Takes Phoenice in Epirus. There they fell in with some Gauls, who to the number of eight hundred were stationed at Phoenice, being in the pay of the Epirotes; and contracted with them to betray the town into their hands. Having made this bargain, they disembarked and took the town and everything in it at the first blow, the Gauls within the walls acting in collusion with them. When this news
Euripidas About the same time Euripidas, who had been sent out to act as general to the Eleans, after overrunning the districts of Dyme, Pharae, and Tritaea, and collecting a considerable amount of booty, was marching back to Elis. But Miccus of Dyme, who happened at the time to be Sub-strategus of the Achaean league, went out to the rescue with a body of Dymaeans, Pharaeans, and Tritaeans, and attacked him as he was returning. But proceeding too precipitately, he fell into an ambush and lost a large number of his men: for forty of his infantry were killed and about two hundred taken prisoners. Elated by this success, Euripidas a few days afterwards made another expedition, and seized a fort belonging to the Dymaeans on the river Araxus, standing in an excellent situation, and called the Wall, which the myths affirm to have been anciently built by Hercules, when at war with the Eleans, as a base of operations against them.
The Wealth of Elis But when the Elean garrison of Lasion heard of the Lasion and Stratus. coming of the Macedonians, and were informed of what had taken place at Psophis, they at once abandoned the town; so that upon his arrival the king took it imm
icers at a banquet;
and, having given his army three days' rest, commenced
his return march. After advancing some way into Elis, he
allowed foraging parties to scour the country while he himself
lay encamped near Artemisium, as it is called; and afte was indeed great, but a still greater number made
their escape to the neighbouring villages and strongholds. Prosperity of Elis. For
Elis is more populous, as well as more richly
furnished with slaves and other property, than
the rest of the PeloponnElis is more populous, as well as more richly
furnished with slaves and other property, than
the rest of the Peloponnese: and some of the Eleans are so
enamoured of a country life, that there are cases of families
who, being in enjoyment of considerable wealth, have for two
or three generations never entered a public law-court
at all.Reading a(li/an. See Müller's D
Peace the Only Unquestioned Blessing But in the course of time, when the Arcadians advanced The ancient privileges of Elis lost. a claim for Lasion and the whole district of Pisa, being forced to defend their territory and change their habits of life, they no longer troubled themselves in the least about recovering from the Greeks their ancient and ancestral immunity from pillage, but were content to remain exactly as they were. This in my opinion was a short-sighted policy. For peace is a thin
in places and times. As
it is, from dread of what is occasional and unlikely, they involve
their country and property in perpetual wars and losses.
My object in thus speaking is to admonish the Eleans: for
they have never had a more favourable time than the present
to get back their ancient privilege of exemption from pillage,
which is universally acknowledged to belong to them. Even
now, some sparks, so to speak, of their old habit remaining,
Elis is more thickly populated than other districts.
Philip Captures the Wall This over, the king departed by way of Patrae and Capture of the Wall, and expedition into Elis. Dyme, and arrived with his army before the fortress called the Wall, which is situated on the frontier of the territory of Dyme, and had a short time before, as I mentioned above,See ch. 59. been occupied by Euripidas. The king, being anxious at all hazards to recover this place for the Dymaeans, encamped under its walls with his full force: and thereupon the Elean garrison s full force: and thereupon the Elean garrison in alarm surrendered the place to Philip, which, though not large, had been fortified with extraordinary care. For though the circumference of its walls was not more than a stade and a half, its height was nowhere less than thirty cubits. Having handed the place over to the Dymaeans, Philip continued his advance, plundering the territory of Elis: and when he had thoroughly devastated it, and acquired a large booty, he returned with his army to Dyme.