mentioned in Hom. Il. 1.234, Hom. Il. 7.412, Hom.
These kings then of ancient times
used to govern continuously in matters within the city and in the country and
across the frontiers; but later on when gradually the kings relinquished some of
their powers and had others taken from them by the multitudes, in the cities in
general only the sacrifices were left to the kings,The monarchy was reduced to a priesthood at Cyrene （Hdt.
4.161） and at Ephesus. while where anything that deserves the name
of royalty survived the kings only had the command in military expeditions
across the frontiers. There are
then these kinds of kingship, four in number: one belonging to the heroic times,
which was exercised over willing subjects, but in certain limited fields, for
the king was general and judge and master of religious ceremonies; second, the
barbarian monarchy, which is an hereditary despotism governing in conformit