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Battle of Sellasia Summer having now come, and the Macedonian and Achaean soldiers having assembled from their winter quarters, Antigonus moved his army, along with his allies, into Laconia. The summer campaign. The army of Antigonus. The main force consisted of ten thousand Macedonians for the phalanx, three thousand light arme
e whole amounted
to twenty-eight thousand infantry and twelve hundred cavalry.
Cleomenes had expected the attack, and had secured theThe position of Cleomenes at Sellasia.
passes into the country by posting garrisons,
digging trenches, and felling trees; while he
took up position at a place called Sellasia, with
an army amounting Sellasia, with
an army amounting to twenty thousand, having calculated that
the invading forces would take that direction: which turned out
to be the case. This pass lies between two hills, called
respectively Evas and Olympus, and the road to Sparta follows
the course of the river Oenus. Cleomenes strengthened both
these hills by lines of fortification, consisti
Battle Begins The moment for beginning the battle had come: the signal was given to the Illyrians, and the word passed by the officers to their men to do their duty, and in a moment they started into view of the enemy and began assaulting the hill. Battle of Sellasia. But the light-armed troops who were stationed with Cleomenes's cavalry, observing that the Achaean lines were not covered by any other troops behind them, charged them on the rear; and thus reduced the division while endeavouring to carry the hill of Evas to a state of great peril,—being met as they were on their front by Eucleidas from the top of the hill, and being charged and vigorously attacked by the light-armed mercenaries on their rear. Philopoemen's presence of mind. It was at this point that Philopoemen of Megalopolis, with a clear understanding of the situation and a foresight of what would happen, vainly endeavoured to point out the certain result to his superior officers. They disregarded him for his want of