painted men and presumably made "good likenesses."
Clearly each of the above mentioned
arts will admit of these distinctions, and they will differ in representing objects
which differ from each other in the way here described. In painting too, and flute-playing and harp-playing, these
diversities may certainly be found, and it is the same in prose and in unaccompanied
verse. For instance Homer's people are
"better," Cleophon's are "like," while in Hegemon of Thasos, the first writer of parodies, and in Nicochares, the author
of the Poltrooniad, they are "worse."Cleophon wrote "epics" (i.e., hexameter poems), describing scenes of daily life
in commonplace diction (cf. Aristot. Poet.
22.2): Hegemon wrote mock epics in the style of the surviving
Battle of Frog and Mice: of Nicochares nothing is known, but
his forte was evidently satire.
It is the same in dithyrambic and nomic
poetry, for instance . . . a writer might dra
others shares not in the baths of the Ocean." The reference is to the Great
Bear. Problem: "Why does Homer say 'she alone' when the other Northern
Constellations also do not set?" Solution: "As in the last instance, the may be
'metaphorical,' i.e., the genus, 'sole,' may be here used by transference for
one of its species, 'best known.'" is metaphorical; the best known is
called the only one. By intonation also; for example, the solutions of Hippias of
Thasos, his " DI/DOMEN DE/ OI("Hom. Il. 2.15. Our text is different. Aristotle,
who quotes the line agains elsewhere, read thus: "No longer the gods in the
halls of Olympus Strive in their plans, for Hera has bent them all to her
purpose Thus by her prayers; and we grant him to win the boast of great glory."
Zeus is instructing the Dream, whom he is sending to lure Agamemnon to disaster.
Problem: "The last statement is a lie." Solution: "Change the accent and the