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on to the number enrolled, and so credits tie regiment with a percentage of loss which tells better than any flight of rhetoric how often and how well they faced the enemy's fire. The story of the muster-out-roll is, at best, but a sad one. One is carried back to the war and surrounded by its sad pictures. In scanning the remarks attached to the names there are the ever recurring phrases which recall vividly its thrilling scenes. Killed, July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg; and one thinks of Pickett's charge, or other incidents of that historic field. Killed, May 3, 1863, at Marye's Heights; and the compiler lays down his pencil to dream again of that fierce charge which swept upward over the sloping fields of Fredericksburg. Wounded and missing, May 6, 1864, at the Wilderness, suggests a nameless grave marked, if at all, by a Government headstone bearing the short, sad epitaph, Unknown. Killed at Malvern Hill, July 11 1862; and there rises a picture of an artilleryman lying d
e-months men whose term of service expired just after the battle; three of his regiments took a prominent part in the fighting of the third day, in the repulse of Pickett's charge. Gen. John Newton, a division general in the Sixth Corps, was appointed to fill Reynolds' place, assuming command during the second day's battle at Gest fighting in its experience, and winning there its grandest laurels; on tlhe second day, in the fighting at the wheat-field, and on the third, in the repulse of Pickett's charge, which was directed against Hancock's position. The fighting was deadly in the extreme, the percentage of loss in the First Minnesota, Gibbon's DivisionTwelfth Corps position. Johnson's Division, containing 22 regiments, lost in this particular action, 229 killed, 1,269 wounded, and 375 missing; total, 1,873. Pickett's Division lost 232 killed, 1,157 wounded, and 1,499 captured or missing. (Official Report.)To this must be added whatever loss occurred in Smith's, Daniel's, and
D) Division, Third Corps.   Killed and Died of Wounds. 70th New York Infantry 190 71st New York Infantry 88 72d New York Infantry 161 73d New York Infantry 156 74th New York Infantry 130 120th New York Infantry 151   Total (during the war) 876 the Philadelphia Brigade. Gibbon's (2D) Division, Second Corps. This brigade was commanded at Gettysburg by General Alex. S. Webb, and was the one which so successfully withstood the brunt of the attack made by Pickett's Divisioni:--   Killed and Died of Wounds. 69th Pennsylvania Infantry 178 71st Pennsylvania Infantry 161 72d Pennsylvania Infantry 193 106th Pennsylvania Infantry 104   Total (during the war) 636 The gallant little Iowa Brigade (Belknap's) of the Seventeenth Corps:--   Killed and Died of Wounds. 11th Iowa Infantry 93 13th Iowa Infantry 119 15th Iowa Infantry 126 16th Iowa Infantry 105   Total (during the war) 443 Custer's famous Cav<
teenth Corps. (1) Col. Edward Upton. (2) Col. Josiah Pickett; Bvt. Brig. Gen. (3) Col. James Tucker. es. In the afternoon it assisted in the repulse of Pickett's charge, at which time the regiment captured five conspicuous and meritorious part in the repulse of Pickett's charge. Colonel Mallon was an officer of recogni the prominent part which it took in the repulse of Pickett's charge. The regiment was then in Rowley's (1st) missiles was followed by the grand assault known as Pickett's charge, the enemy's column made its most daring aederate brigade male such a desperate attack during Pickett's charge. In this battle the Seventy-first, under and then took a conspicuous part in the repulse of Pickett's Virginians. The monument of the Seventy-second, myth's men contributed materially to the repulse of Pickett's charge; they were in a position behind a low, heavision in its flank, as it fell back at the time of Pickett's repulse, the regiment capturing three stands of c<
ickamauga, Lieutenam Van Pelt, its commander, disdaining to retreat stood by the muzzle of a cannon shouting to the enemy to keep their hands off the guns, and was killed at his post. Captain Easton fell beside a gun at Gaines's Mill, shouting, No! We never surrender, in reply to the demand of the victors to give up his battery. Bates' History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers. At Gettysburg, young Cushing shouts to his general that he will give them one shot more, and falls dead as Pickett's men surge up to the muzzles of his pieces. Of the noted batteries mentioned in the accompanying list of casualties, Kern, Woodruff, Burnham, Hazzard, DeHart, Dimmick, Rorty, Hazlitt, Leppien, McGilvery, Geary (of Knap's), Simonson, Erickson and Whitaker (of Bigelow's)--were killed in action. When closely pressed by a charge of the enemy, the gunners, though unarmed, would often defend their pieces with rammers and handspikes used as clubs. In the charge of the Louisiana Tigers on R
ily understood by a glance at the battle losses of its regiments. The Old Vermont Brigade, composed of the 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry, and the 1st Heavy Artillery, lost more men killed in action than any other brigade in the army. The Second Vermont Brigade, composed of the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th Infantry, was enlisted for nine months, and was present at Gettysburg, where three of the regiments, under command of General Stannard, took a conspicuous part in the repulse of Pickett's charge. The 1st Infantry was a three-months regiment. It was organized at Rutland, May 9, 1861, and fought at Big Bethel. The other regiments enlisted for three years, and the 1st Cavalry, the 2d Battery, and the 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th Infantry reenlisted, and served through rhe war. The 11th Infantry was changed to the 1st Heavy Artillery, leaving that number in the line vacant. Massachusetts.--The 14th Infantry was changed to the 1st Heavy Artillery; and the 41
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 15: Confederate losses — strength of the Confederate Armies--casualties in Confederate regiments — list of Confederate Generals killed — losses in the Confederate Navy. (search)
e fight on the 1st inst. The regiment then participated in Pickett's charge, on the third day of the battle, in which it attauga Stewart's 527 41 256 -- 56.3 17th Virginia Antietam Pickett's 55 7 24 -- 56.3 7th North Carolina Seven Days A. P. H Wounded. Missing. Per cent. Garnett's (Va.) Gettysburg Pickett's 1,427 78 324 539 The official report for Garnett's brabama Wilcox's Longstreet's 24 105 -- 129 18th Virginia Pickett's Longstreet's 14 99 5 118 13th Virginia Elzey's Ewell'on's Ewell's 22 101 -- 123 6th South Carolina Jenkins's Pickett's 13 102 -- 115 15th Alabama Trimble's Ewell's 21 91 --tigrew's Heth's 86 502 These missing ones were lost in Pickett's charge.120 708 42d Mississippi Davis's Heth's 60 205 derson's Hood's 32 162 -- 194 38th Virginia Armistead's Pickett's 23 147 -- 170 6th North Carolina Hoke's Early's 20 13ertson's Hood's 26 116 -- 142 57th Virginia Armistead's Pickett's 35 105 4 144 23d North Carolina Iverson's Rodes's 41
., Mar. 13, 1865. Payne, Oliver H., Mar. 13, 1865. Pearsall, Uri B., Mar. 13, 1865. Pearson, Rbt. N., Mar. 13, 1865. Pearce, John S., Mar. 13, 1865. Pease, Phineas, Mar. 13, 1865. Pease, Wm. R., Mar. 13, 1865. Peck, Frank H., Sept. 19, 1865. Pennington, A. C. M., July 16, 1865. Perkins, H. W., Mar. 13, 1865. PerLee, Samuel R., Mar. 13, 1865. Phelps, Chas. E., Mar. 13, 1865. Phelps, John E., Mar. 13, 1865. Phelps, W., Jr. , Mar. 13, 1865. Phillips, Jesse L., Mar. 13, 1865. Pickett, Josiah, Mar. 13, 1865. Pierson, Chas. L., Mar. 13, 1865. Pierson, J. Fred., Mar. 13, 1865. Pierson, Wm. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Pierce, F. E., Mar. 13, 1865. Pinckney, Jos. C., Mar. 13, 1865. Pinto, F. E., Mar. 13, 1864. Platner, John S., Mar. 13, 1865. Pleasants, H., Mar. 13, 1865. Pollock, S. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Pomutz, Geo., Mar. 13, 1865. Pope, Ed. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Porter, Samuel A., Mar. 13, 1865. Post, P. Sidney, Dec. 16, 1864. Potter, Carroll H., Mar. 13, 1865. Powell, Eugene
d of May, when they were ordered to Fort McHenry, in the harbor of Baltimore, which they reached by transport on the morning of the third. The field and staff of the Third Battalion of Rifles were, Charles Devens, Jr., major; John M. Goodhue, adjutant; James E. Estabrook, quartermaster; Oramel Martin, surgeon; Nathaniel S. Liscomb, sergeant-major; George T. White, quartermaster-sergeant,—all of Worcester. Company A, City Guards, Worcester. Officers: Augustus R. B. Sprague, captain; Josiah Pickett, George C. Joslin, Orson Moulton, Elijah A. Harkness, lieutenants,—all of Worcester. Company B, Holden Rifles, Holden. Officers: Joseph H. Gleason, of Holden, captain: Phineas R. Newell, Holden; Edward F. Devens, Charlestown; Samuel F. Woods, Barre; George Bascom, Holden, lieutenants. Company C, Emmet Guards, Worcester. Officers: Michael P. McConville, captain; Michael O'Driscoll, Matthew J. McCafferty, Thomas O'Neil, and Maurice Melvin, lieutenants,—all of Worcester. Company D<
ssigned a position within the lines of the entrenchments. On the 14th, it was sent out upon the same road to reinforce Colonel Amory, but had only to observe and follow a retreating enemy. After three days pursuit, the regiment returned to its quiet routine until March 26, when, with the exception of two companies, it was sent to Plymouth, N. C., an important post on the Roanoke River, threatened by a force of the enemy. The whole land force was immediately applied under command of Colonel Pickett, of the Twenty-fifth Massachusetts, a brave and efficient officer, to the work of perfecting the fortifications of the post. During the eighteen days siege of Washington, and always within hearing of its cannonading, the force at Plymouth, anxious for the result, and confidently waiting its turn, was occupied in constructing fortifications, and preparing for defence against a daily expected attack; but the defeated and discouraged enemy retired, and Plymouth was thoroughly fortified un
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