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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 45 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 10 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Electro-magnetic Telegraph. (search)
r years he waited, for the action of the government was tardy, in consequence of doubt and positive opposition. At the beginning of March. 1842, Congress Morse Key appropriated $30,000 for his use; and in May, 1844, he transmitted from Washington to Baltimore, a distance of 40 miles, the first message, furnished him by a young lady— What hath God wrought! The first public message was the announcement of the nomination by the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore (May, 1844) of James K. Polk for President of the United States. Professor Morse also originated submarine telegraphy. He publicly suggested its feasibility in a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury in 1843. As early as 1842 he laid a submarine cable, or insulated wire, in the harbor of New York, for which achievement the American Institute awarded him a small gold medal. In 1858 he participated in the labors and honors of laying a cable under the sea between Europe and America. (See Atlantic Telegraph). Mona
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morse, Samuel Finley Breese 1791-1879 (search)
n the spring of 1844; and then from Professor Morse, at the seat of government, to his assistant, Henry T. Rogers (who died in August, 1879), in the latter city, passed the first message, What hath God wrought! suggested by the fair young friend of the inventor. At that time the Democratic National Convention was in session at Baltimore, and the first public message that was flashed over the wires was the announcement of that convention to its friends in Washington of the nomination of James K. Polk for President. So was given the assurance that the great experiment had resulted in a perfect demonstration not only of the marvellous ability, but of the immense value, of the discovery and invention. With that perception came violations of the inventor's rights, and for a long series of years most vexatious and expensive litigation. But Morse triumphed everywhere, and he received most substantial testimonials of the profound respect which his great discovery and invention had won
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Polk, James Knox 1795-1849 (search)
Polk, James Knox 1795-1849 Eleventh President of the United States; from 1845 to 1849; Democrat; born in Mecklenburg county, N. C., Nov. 2, 1795. His ancestral name was Pollock, and he was of Scotch-Irish descent. He graduated at the University of North Carolina in 1818; admitted to the bar in 1820. Three years afterwards he months after he retired from office, he was seized with illness and died in Nashville, Tenn., June 15, 1849. Inaugural Address>head> On March 4, 1845, President Polk delivered the following inaugural address: Fellow-citizens,—Without solicitation on my part, I have been chosen by the free and voluntary suffrages of myur to continue His gracious benedictions upon us, that we may continue to be a prosperous and happy people. Special message on Mexico. On May 11, 1846, President Polk sent the following special message on the Mexican situation to the Congress: Washington, May 11, 1846. To the Senate and House of Representatives,—The
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential elections. (search)
rison For foot-note references see page 291.O.Whig1,275,017146,315234John Tyler For foot-note references see page 291.VaWhig234 Martin Van BurenN. Y.Dem1,128,70260R. M. JohnsonKyDem48 James G. BirneyN. Y.Lib7,059L. W. TazewellVaDem11 James K. PolkTennDem1 1844. James K. Polk For foot-note references see page 291.TennDem1,337,24338,175170George M. Dallas For foot-note references see page 291.PaDem170 Henry ClayKyWhig1,299,068105T. FrelinghuysenN. J.Whig105 James G. BirneyN. Y.James K. Polk For foot-note references see page 291.TennDem1,337,24338,175170George M. Dallas For foot-note references see page 291.PaDem170 Henry ClayKyWhig1,299,068105T. FrelinghuysenN. J.Whig105 James G. BirneyN. Y.Lib62,300Thomas MorrisO.Lib 1848. Zachary Taylor For foot-note references see page 291.LaWhig1,360,101139,557163Millard Fillmore For foot-note references see page 291.N. Y.Whig163 Lewis CassMich.Dem1,220,544127William O. ButlerKyDem127 Martin Van BurenN. Y.F. Soil291,263Charles F. AdamsMass.F. Soil 1852. Franklin Pierce For foot-note references see page 291.N. H.Dem1,601,474220,896254William R. King For foot-note references see page 291.AlaDem254 Winfield ScottN. J.Whig1,380,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Speaker of Congress, the (search)
7-91801-07Nathaniel MaconNorth Carolina17571837 10, 111807-11Joseph B. VarnumMasssachusetts17501821 12, 131811-14Henry ClayKentucky 17771852 131814-15Langdon ChevesSouth Carolina17761857 14-161815-20Henry ClayKentucky17771852 161820-21John W. TaylorNew York17841854 171821-23Philip P. BarbourVirginia17831841 181823-25Henry ClayKentucky17771852 191825-27John W. TaylorNew York17841854 20-231827-34Andrew StevensonVirginia17841857 231834-35John BellTennessee 17971869 24, 251835-39James K. PolkTennessee17951849 261839-41R. M. T. HunterVirginia18091887 271841-43John WhiteKentucky18051845 281843-45John W. JonesVirginia18051848 291845-47John W. DavisIndiana17991850 301847-49Robert C. WinthropMassachusetts18091894 311849-51Howell CobbGeorgia18151868 32, 331851-55Linn BoydKentucky18001859 341855-57Nathaniel P. BanksMassachusetts18161894 351857-59James L. OrrSouth Carolina18221873 361859-61William PenningtonNew Jersey 17961862 371861-63Galusha A. GrowPennsylvania1823 38-4
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sub-Treasury, the (search)
e necessary repeal of the independent treasury act. The latter measure passed both Houses, and became a law Aug. 13, 1841. The next Congress had a sufficient Whig majority in the Senate to overcome the Democratic majority in the House, and to defeat any effort to renew the sub-treasury system. For five years, therefore, after the repeal of the subtreasury act, the treasury was managed practically at the discretion of the Secretary and without special regulations by law. The election of James K. Polk brought in a Congress largely Democratic in both branches. In 1846 a bill was introduced to renew the sub-treasury system. It passed both Houses, and became a law Aug. 6. This act was practically the same as that of July 4, 1840, and has since remained in force with but little change. On Feb. 25, 1863, the act creating a system of national banks became a law. This authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to make specified depositories of the public moneys, except receipts from cust
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Tennessee, (search)
ritorial Governor. William Blount, appointed governor of the territory southwest of the OhioAug. 7, 1790 State governors. John SevierAssumes officeMarch 30, 1796 Archibald RoaneAssumes officeSept., 1801 John SevierAssumes officeSept., 1803 William BlountAssumes officeSept., 1809 Joseph McMinnAssumes officeSept., 1815 William CarrollAssumes officeSept., 1821 Samuel HoustonAssumes officeSept., 1827 William CarrollAssumes officeSept., 1829 Newton CannonAssumes officeOct., 1835 James K. PolkAssumes officeOct., 1839 James C. JonesAssumes officeOct., 1841 Aaron V. BrownAssumes officeOct., 1845 Neil S. BrownAssumes officeOct., 1847 William TrousdaleAssumes officeOct., 1849 William B. CampbellAssumes officeOct., 1851 Andrew JohnsonAssumes officeOct., 1853 Isham G. HarrisAssumes officeOct., 1857 Andrew JohnsonAssumes officeprov. March 12, 1861 W. G. BrownlowAssumes officeApril, 1865 DeWitt C. SenterAssumes officeOct., 1869 John C. BrownAssumes officeOct., 1871 James
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
pprobation of Presi- Map of the battle of San Jacinto. The Alamo. dent Tyler, a treaty to that effect was signed in Washington, D. C., April 12, 1844, by Mr. Calhoun, Secretary of State, and Messrs. Van Zandt and Henderson on the part of Texas. It was rejected by the Senate in June following. The project was presented at the next session of Congress in the form of a joint resolution. It had been made a leading political question at the Presidential election in the autumn of 1844. James K. Polk had been nominated over Mr. Van Buren, because he was in favor of the annexation. The joint resolution was adopted March 1, 1845, and received the assent of President Tyler the next day. On the last day of his term of office he sent a message to the Texas government, with a copy of the joint resolutions of Congress in favor of annexation. These were considered by a convention in Texas, called for the purpose of forming a State constitution. That body approved the measure (July 4, 1845
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tyler, John 1790-1862 (search)
became a United States Senator, and was re-elected in 1833, when he was a firm supporter of the doctrine of State supremacy, and avowed his sympathy with the South Carolina Nullifiers. He joined the Whig party, and was elected by them Vice-President of the United States in 1840. On the death of President Harrison he became President (see cabinet, President's). He lost the confidence of both parties by his acts during his administration, and was succeeded in the Presidential office by James K. Polk, in 1845. All of his cabinet excepting Mr. Webster, resigned in 1841, and he left it after an important treaty had been concluded and ratified (August, 1842), when Hugh S. Legare succeeded him. The last important act of Tyler's administration was signing the act for the annexation of Texas. He had been nominated for the Presidency by a convention of office-holders in May, 1844, but in August, perceiving that he had no popular support, he withdrew from the contest. In February, 1861, h
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
on, convenes......Dec. 2, 1835 Speaker of the House, James K. Polk, of Tennessee. The President, in his message, sugge vote; his name was withdrawn on the eighth ballot, and James K. Polk, of Tennessee, was nominated on the ninth; Silas Wrightration—Democratic, March 4, 1845, to March 3, 1849. James Knox Polk, Tennessee, President. George Mifflin Dallas, Penns46 Battle of Resaca de la Palma......May 9, 1846 President Polk, by special message to Congress, announces that war exil 18, 1847 Army enters Puebla......May 15, 1847 President Polk visits the Eastern States as far as Augusta, Me., and s at New Orleans, aged seventy-two......June 6, 1849 James K. Polk, eleventh President, dies at Nashville, Tenn., aged fif of $5,000 each granted to widows of James A. Garfield, James K. Polk, and John Tyler, by act of......March 31, 1882 Presi 13, 1891 Sarah Childress Polk, widow of exPresident James K. Polk, born 1803, dies at Nashville, Tenn.......Aug. 14, 1891
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