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rdon's Mills on the evening of the eleventh, Wood came unexpectedly upon the ground where, the night before, the rebel General Polk's corps had bivouacked, and at once apprised General Crittenden of the close proximity of the formidable rebel force. enth, and twelfth to have been hazardous in the extreme; while it was at Gordon's Mills it was reported that the rebel General Polk, with a strong corps, was near Rock Spring, three miles from the Mills, meditating an offensive movement. Rebel offict the junction of Crittenden with Thomas. Hindman failed to execute this order in proper time; the junction was made, General Polk's forces were withdrawn, and the concentration of Bragg's army, and the reenforcements sent him from Virginia and elsewhere, were made at La Fayette. For his failure here Hindman is said to be now in arrest. An attack by Polk at daylight on the thirteenth would have been disastrous to Crittenden, and without doubt have left the road to Chattanooga, and the rear of
afayette; Walker camping a mile further on, and Polk's corps camping at Rock Spring. General Bragg mwill move with these columns. III. Lieutenant-General Polk will move at the same hour, and by prhe left, and press the enemy up the stream from Polk's front at Lee and Gordon's Mills. IV. PolkPolk will press his forces to the front of Lee and Gordon's Mills, and if met by too much resistance to ng come up. Our right wing was commanded by General Polk. It was contemplated by General Bragg to line waiting but for the word to forward. General Polk had the night previous received orders to cmy was sorely pressing our wavering lines. General Polk, who had borne the brunt of the battle durirous Cleburn, with the brave Deshler, Wood, and Polk, who soon came in conflict with Granger's corpsns, now crestfallen, defeated, and humiliated. Polk's wing captured twenty-eight pieces of artillervre, which was followed up and completed by General Polk, while it must be conceded that the resolut[4 more...]
passes and have few defiles. The enemy held all these passes, and his main position in front of Shelbyville was strengthened by a redan line extending from Horse Mountain on the east, to Duck River on the west, covered by a line of abattis. Polk's corps was at Shelbyville. Hardee's headquarters was at Wartrace, and his troops held Hoover's, Liberty, and Bellbuckle Gaps. Polk's corps was generally estimated by intelligent rebels and Union men at about eighteen thousand, infantry and artiPolk's corps was generally estimated by intelligent rebels and Union men at about eighteen thousand, infantry and artillery; Hardee's, at twelve thousand, infantry and artillery — making a total of thirty thousand of these arms, and probably eight thousand effective cavalry. Positive information from various sources concurred to show the enemy intended to fight us in his intrenchments at Shelbyville, should we advance by that route, and that he would be in good position to retreat if beaten, and so retard our pursuit through the narrow winding roads from that place which lead up to the barrens, and thus infl
n pieces were taken from the enemy. They had been pushed already three quarters of a mile, and Longstreet was threatened with actual annihilation, when a new danger caused Thomas to halt. While our left was so remorselessly driving the rebels, Polk and Hill, collecting their chosen legions, threw them with great impetuosity upon Palmer and Van Cleve, in order to effect a diversion in favor of Longstreet. An obstinate contest ensued, but the overpowering numbers of the enemy speedily broke t repulsed, and almost for the first time since the fight began there was a lull in the fearful storm. An hour passed by, and it became evident that Bragg would not be foiled in his attempt to annihilate our gallant army without another effort. Polk's corps, assisted by the Georgia State troops, by Dabney Maury's division, and by various detached fragments of the rebel army, were to try their hands upon the heroic band who, as the forlorn hope of the army, still held the hill. Our feeble ran
ied during the days of the first week of July. Polk's corps, except Anderson's brigade, of Withers's thrown forward as a supporting force to guard Polk's left against Thomas and McCook, in the cove. s. The right wing was placed under Lieutenant-General Polk, and the left under Lieutenant-Generaer's corps; Major-General Hindman, of Lieutenant-General Polk's corps, and Benning's, Lane's, and Rank them. The assault was a desperate one. General Polk being informed by General Hill that the enemy was threatening his right flank. Polk ordered Walker immediately to move to the right and form ahaving been communicated by General Sill to General Polk, the latter ordered Cheatham to replace Cles again threatened, and he wanted support. General Polk examined the position of Cleburn, and findis, made contemporaneously with the movements of Polk's wing, as mentioned above, led to the almost sof day. Three hours were lost in the morning by Polk's failure to attack at daylight; and, therefore[7 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 8.89 (search)
repulsed. General Adams said to me, The boldness of the cavalry advance convinces me that an column is not far off. Lucius Polk's brigade was brought down from Pigeon Mountain, and every disposition was made to celebrate appropriately the next dar lies. There is not an infantry soldier of the enemy south of us. The next morning he called his four corps commanders, Polk, Buckner, W. H. T. Walker, and myself, together, and told us that McCook was at Alpine, Crittenden at Lee and Gordon's Mil. 3. Buckner, crossing at Tedford's Ford, will join in the movement to the left, and press the enemy up the stream from Polk's front at Lee and Gordon's. 4. Polk will press his forces to the front of Lee and Gordon's Mills, and if met by too muPolk will press his forces to the front of Lee and Gordon's Mills, and if met by too much resistance to cross will bear to the right and cross at Dalton's Ford or at Tedford's, as may be necessary, and join the attack wherever the enemy may be. 5. Hill will cover our left flank from an advance of the enemy from the cove, and, by pre
es recorded in this chapter, the Rebel stronghold at Columbus, Ky., commanding the navigation of the Mississippi, had been rendered untenable. It was held by Maj.-Gen. Polk, Episcopal Bishop of Louisiana, who had expended a vast amount of labor in strengthening its defenses, while the adjacent country had been nearly divested of by a net-work of railroads and telegraphs, he communicated easily with Richmond, and with every portion of the Cotton States. The recent evacuation of Columbus by Polk was probably ordered by him, in obedience to his policy of concentrating around Corinth the greatest possible force, with intent to rush upon and overwhelm the Uni was resumed in line of battle: Maj.-Gen. Hardee, with the 3d corps, in front, with the 2d, and strongest, under Gen.-Bragg, 500 yards behind him; the 1st, under Gen. Polk, half a mile in the rear of this, with the reserve, under Gen. John C. Breckinridge, closely following. This order, however, was soon sacrificed to the exigenci
his left, where Hardee was in command, with orders to attack McCook at daylight. Dec. 31. Bishop Polk, in his center, strengthened by McCown's division, was directed to second and support Hardee'had only moved half a mile, when a new order came to detach one or two brigades to the support of Polk, in the center; and lie sent two brigades accordingly. He soon received a still further order to advance and attack, and then one to report to Polk with all but Hanson's brigade. Moving his remaining brigades, under Preston and Palmer, by the left flank, lie crossed the creek and reported to PoPolk and Bragg just in season to see the brigades of Jackson and Adams, which lie had previously sent, recoil from an assault on our line,); Adams being among the wounded. Breckinridge was now ordered columns of assault, seemed to emerge from the earth, and, aided by a heavy enfilading fire of Bishop Polk's artillery, toward the center, swept on to the charge. Their strength was overwhelming; a
ance. Of Bragg's infantry, 18,000, under Bishop Polk, held a very strong position, formidably inenemy before he discovered his mistake. Lt.-Gen. Polk was ordered to Anderson's, to cover Hindmaushing our left by a left-wheel movement, while Polk was to press our front at Gordon's mill, fightie by an attack by Hill's corps on our left; but Polk's aid, sent with the order, could not find him;delivered on any moonless but starlit night. Polk says that, when he was ready to advance and attemy was sorely pressing our wavering lines. Gen. Polk, who had borne the brunt of the battle durinCleburne, with the brave Deshler, Wood, /un>and Polk, who soon came in conflict with Granger's corpst still the men pressed forward: Wood, with Lucius Polk's brigade, storming breastwork after breastwork, until the third work was carried — Polk capturing three pieces of cannon, the standards of thens, now crestfallen, defeated, and humiliated. Polk's wing captured 28 pieces of artillery, and Lon[1 more...]
lsboroa, and Decatur, across the Octibbeha and Tallahaha, to Meridian Feb. 14-16.--a railroad junction on the eastern border of the State--destroying a vast amount of railroad property, bridges, trestles, track, locomotives, cars, &c., &c. Lt.-Gen. Polk, with French's and Loring's divisions and Lee's cavalry, fell back before our army ; skirmishing occasionally, but making no serious resistance; retreating at last behind the Tombigbee. Yet the expedition, though scarcely resisted, and doiled by reenforcements from below. The place was evacuated, by order from Vicksburg, soon afterward. Gen. Jo. Johnston, commanding in northern Georgia, having dispatched two divisions of Hardee's corps, under Stewart and Anderson, to the aid of Polk in Mississippi, Gen. Grant, still commanding at Chattanooga, sent forward Feb. 22. the 14th corps, under Gen. Palmer, to counteract this diversion. The divisions of Jeff. C. Davis, Johnson, and Baird, moved on the direct road to Dalton; Stanle
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