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Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 40 8 Browse Search
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he men from Arkansas. McCulloch had fought Indians in Texas and the Mexican mestizos in Mexico, and he knew the difference between inexperienced citizen soldiery and well-armed, disciplined troops, many of them veterans and commanded by veterans. He was in favor at first of falling back into Arkansas, but General Price maintained that the strength of the enemy was overestimated. He was eager to attack, and urged an immediate advance. At this juncture McCulloch received dispatches from General Polk that a large force of Confederates from Pitman's Ferry and New Madrid would march toward Rolla to intercept Lyon. McCulloch agreed to march against Lyon at Springfield, or wherever they might find him, General Price magnanimously waiving his superior rank and consenting that McCulloch should take command of the army. Price was a brave and chivalrous officer, and inherently too great to contend about rank where the liberties of his country were at issue. He was willing to surrender not
company organized for that purpose, called the Yell Rifles, in honor of Colonel Yell, former member of Congress and governor of the State, who was killed at the head of his regiment in the battle of Buena Vista. Upon the call of the military board of Arkansas for troops to resist the invasion of the Southern States ordered by Mr. Lincoln, the Yell Rifles entered the State service with Cleburne as their captain, Edward H. Cowley, first lieutenant, James Blackburn, second lieutenant, and Lucius E. Polk, third lieutenant. The company marched to Mound City, above Memphis, where, on May 14th, it was united with other companies in the formation of a regiment of infantry, of which Captain Cleburne was elected colonel, J. K. Patton, lieutenant-colonel, and J. T. Harris, major. L. H. Mangum was made adjutant of the regiment. It was the First regiment of infantry, State troops, but subsequently, upon the transfer of the State troops to the Confederate States service, according to the date
overnor Rector. And they, if they had been organized, would also have been transferred, pursuant to orders to Generals Rust and Roane, so urgent were the demands by Gen. A. S. Johnston and the officers associated with him, Generals Beauregard and Polk, for an increase of their forces, to save Corinth and Memphis from the threatened advance of Halleck and Grant from Pittsburg landing. Gen. J. A. McClernand reported to Mr. Lincoln, after the battle at Pittsburg landing, that Van Dorn and Priceiment. In raising Arkansas troops, and afterward in their organization, important services were rendered by the following, among other officers: Cols. J. F. Fagan, Shaler, Shaver, Morgan, Glenn and Johnson; Lieutenant-Colonels Geoghegan, Magenis, Polk, McMillan, Wright, Hart, Young and Crawford; Majors Bell, Gause, Cocke, Baber, Yell, Hicks, Chrisman and Crenshaw, and Captains Johnson, Ringo, Martin, Home, Blackmer and Biscoe. In Arkansas there were raised and organized, under my orders, thi
om every land and every race, which swelled the ranks of the enemy, while sheer exhaustion of resources was rapidly diminishing the armies of the Confederacy. The regions of the State which were engaged in planting sent their soldiers to aid the cause. The little county of Phillips, of which Helena is the county seat, furnished the Confederate army seven generals before the termination of hostilities. They were Brig.-Gens. Archibald Dobbin, Charles W. Adams, D. C. Govan, J. C. Tappan, Lucius E. Polk and MajorGen-erals Hindman and P. R. Cleburne. The Federal army was getting ready, in July, to occupy the Arkansas valley and march upon Little Rock. On the 27th, by special orders of General Grant, Maj.-Gen. Frederick Steele was assigned to the command of the army, to take the field from Helena, and on August 11th he assumed command of all of Arkansas north of Arkansas river. His military force included the infantry divisions of Col. W. E. McLean and Gen. S. A. Rice, present for d
apt. William Wilson, of Perry county, First Lieut. Robert F. James, Second Lieut. Jesse W. Holmes, Third Lieut. Morgan G. Smyers. Company I, Capt. J. W. Duncan, of Conway county, First Lieut. Z. A. P. Venable, Second Lieut. Jefferson Mallett, Third Lieut. E. H. Russell. Company K, Capt. W. S. Hanna, First Lieut. L. F. Ragsdale, Second Lieut. J. C. Barnes. The regiment was transferred to Union City, Tenn., where 150 men died from the effects of measles; thence to Columbus, Ky., and was in General Polk's reserve there when the battle of Belmont took place. Thence they were marched to Bowling Green, Ky., and formed, together with the Ninth Arkansas, Fifth Missouri and Tenth Mississippi regiments, the brigade commanded by General Bowen, which was part of the rear guard in Bragg's retreat out to Cumberland gap. Assigned to Hardee's corps, the brigade marched to Corinth, Miss. Being changed to the reserve corps under General Breckinridge at Corinth, they moved with the army under Gen. A
intrusion of Federal forces in the State. General Polk was at Columbus, and at Cumberland ford, Ges commands in Kentucky were the Thirteenth with Polk at Columbus, and the Ninth, Colonel Dunlop, ande and Georgia commands. The First corps, General Polk, included the Thirteenth Arkansas, commandeand compelling him to leave the field. Col. Lucius E. Polk, commanding the Thirteenth and Fifteente's division embraced his old brigade, under L. E. Polk, promoted to brigadier, Liddell's Arkansas bnow comprised the brigades of S. A. M. Wood, L. E. Polk and James Deshler (formerly Churchill's). Lip rapidly to these headquarters. Leaving Gen. L. E. Polk to bring up the division, he galloped foriled by the First Arkansas, hurried up by Gen. L. E. Polk, who won the crest twenty paces ahead of sed Hardee's corps in May, 1864, included Gen. L. E. Polk's Arkansas and Tennessee brigade, Gen. D.n Kenesaw mountain. On the day before, Gen. Lucius E. Polk, of Helena, who had risen from a lieute[1 more...]
and was author of several valuable masonic works. Brigadier-General Lucius Eugene Polk Brigadier-General Lucius Eugene Polk was born at Brigadier-General Lucius Eugene Polk was born at Salisbury, N. C., July 10, 1833; was graduated at the university of Virginia in 1852, and was living in Arkansas at the opening of the civil wferred to the eastside of the Mississippi early in 1862. At Shiloh, Polk conducted himself with great gallantry and received a wound. On theby Cleburne, Hardee and Bragg. At Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, Polk's brigade maintained its reputation for valor and efficiency. At Ri fight the artillery and trains of Bragg's retreating army, Brigadier-General Polk was included with Lowrey, Govan and Granbury in a very highn until Hood retired from the trenches of Atlanta on September 1st. Polk's command bore an honorable part in the marching, intrenching and fim where his illustrious kinsman, Leonidas Polk, lost his life, Gen. L. E. Polk was severely wounded by a cannon ball and disabled for further