f Governor Vance in 1866, no less than fourteen out of twenty governors were University men-Miller, Branch, Burton, Owen, Swain, Spaight, Morehead, Graham, Manly, Winslow, Bragg, Ellis, Clark, and Vance.
They filled the chair thirty-eight years out of the fifty-two.
The influence of the University was not less paramount in North Carolina at the outbreak of the war in 1861 than it had been in former years.
The governor in 1861s, John W. Ellis, and his opponent on the Whig ticket in 1860, John Pool, were both alumni.
The two Senators in Congress in 1861, Thomas Bragg and Thomas L. Clingman; four of the Representatives in Congress, L. O'B. Branch, Thomas Ruffin, Z. B. Vance, and Warren Winslow, were University men. The speakership of the State Senate, under Warren Winslow, W. W. Avery, Henry T. Clark, Giles Mebane, M. E. Manly, and Tod R. Caldwell, was constantly under the direction of University men between 1854 and 1870.
With the exception of a period of fifteen years, this office