his regiment should have been led into their first battle by any one but himself; but, on the other hand, he had a right to be proud of their excellent conduct and steadiness under a hot fire of two or three hours.
Colonel Webster, on the 16th of August, rejoined his regiment, which was then encamped upon the Rapidan, near Mitchell's Station.
It was a part of Hartsuff's brigade, Ricketts's division, and McDowell's corps, forming a portion of the Army of Virginia, under the command of General Pope.
On the 18th of August, the army began a movement towards the North Fork of the Rappahannock, and by the 20th the main body was behind the river and prepared to hold its passes.
On the 24th of August, General McDowell's corps was at or near Warrenton.
On the morning of the 27th of August, he was directed to move forward rapidly on Gainesville, by the Warrenton Turnpike.
And the required position was reached before the next day. On the next evening a brisk engagement took place at Th
thful discharge of his duties.
He accompanied the Army of the Potomac when it moved north to join the forces in front of Washington, where the Twentieth Massachusetts, toward the last of August, was present at Chantilly, the closing combat of General Pope's disastrous campaign.
After the disasters under General Pope, the regiment fell back with the army across the Potomac to Tenallytown, in order to move upon the enemy, who had crossed the Upper Potomac into Maryland.
On the 17th of SepteGeneral Pope, the regiment fell back with the army across the Potomac to Tenallytown, in order to move upon the enemy, who had crossed the Upper Potomac into Maryland.
On the 17th of September, 1862, Dr. Revere accompanied his regiment in its advance under General Sumner, to follow up the charge of General Hooker upon the enemy's troops under General Lee.
The latter general had taken position for the battle on the heights in front of Sharpsburg, between that place and the Antietam River.
The Twentieth Massachusetts was in the hottest of the fight, and lost very heavily.
Dr. Revere, as usual, followed close to the line, being of opinion that his duty to his men required him to
ty, he was compelled to seek restored health in the more salubrious air of his Northern home.
With the last days of August came the discouraging intelligence of Pope's disastrous campaign in front of Washington; and Revere, scarcely recovered from sickness, hastened to his post of duty.
He had, during his absence from the armyvery prospect of immediate shindy, I could not of course leave them, and have been with them through all the marching of the two weeks campaign, which has ended in Pope's sudden and by no means dignified exit from Virginia.
We did all sorts of things except fight; we marched and counter-marched, we guarded baggage, we went hungry days later, under date of
Arlington Heights, August 28.
Our men are just getting a notion of loading and firing.
We have had rumors of the defeat of Pope, Sigel, &c., but nothing authentic.
We can tell literally nothing here about the movements of the armies.
Regiments come and go: their tents whiten the hillside
ich had been advancing towards Washington from the Rapidan in a steady stream for about twenty-four hours. Instead of being sent to Washington on one of the trains, as I had expected, I was told to rejoin the regiment, which I found on the northern side of the Rappahannock. . . . . Having thus rejoined the regiment, when there was every prospect of immediate shindy, I could not of course leave them, and have been with them through all the marching of the two weeks campaign, which has ended in Pope's sudden and by no means dignified exit from Virginia.
We did all sorts of things except fight; we marched and counter-marched, we guarded baggage, we went hungry and thirsty, we spread our blankets on the ground with no other cover than the canopy of heaven; in short, the experience was more severe than any the regiment have ever been through, and was harder than that of the Army of the Potomac when it removed from before Richmond to Harrison's Landing. . . . . They want me to go as Surgeon
orable, beloved dead are on their way to Massachusetts.
She has no spot on her soil too sacred for them, no page in her history that their names will not brighten.
The regiment looks well, but oh, so gloomy! . . . . As for myself, I look forward.
Soon after this, a prohibition was put upon the mails, and no letter reached us from him until September 3d, when he wrote from Washington:—
After an experience of sixteen days, here I am, humiliated, exhausted, yet well and determined.
Pope's retreat, without a line and without a base, is a military novelty.
We lived on the country with a witness,—green corn and green apples.
Twice cut off by the enemy, everything in discomfort and confusion, forced marches, wakeful bivouacs, retreat, retreat!
O, it was pitiful!
Some days later, from Camp near Rockville, he writes: We want soldiers soldiers, and a general in command. Please notice the words, all of them.
For the history of the past fifteen months is the sad record of tha
se, for the Army of the Potomac, and never tired of sounding the praises of his regiment,—making up for this profuseness of eulogy by his extreme reticence and modesty with regard to himself.
He was hardly at home when, unexpectedly, news came of Pope's disastrous campaign.
Heedless of the remonstrance of his kind surgeon, away he went on his cane, with his wound unhealed, and, to his inexpressible satisfaction, reached his regiment before it had again encountered the enemy.
The battle of Chantilly followed on the 1st of September.
There the brigade fought, and then brought up and covered the rear of Pope's retreat to Washington.
Without pause succeeded the great Maryland campaign, consisting of the brilliant battle of South Mountain and the terrific and decisive engagement of Antietam.
At this latter battle the regiment was severely engaged, with very great loss of officers and men; and Patten was reported to be in the thickest of the fight.
These actions took place on the 14t
of his death are best given in letters from Lieutenant-Colonel Bryan, at the time in command of the regiment, and from Lieutenant J. Otis Williams, of the same company:—
On the night of Saturday, the 9th instant (August, 1862), the Third Brigade, General Hartsuff commanding, was ordered to take a position on the extreme right of General McDowell's corps.
Whilst the Twelfth (the left regiment of the brigade) was crossing an open field but a few yards distant from some woods, which Generals Pope, McDowell, and Banks, with their escort, were on the point of entering, the enemy, seeing and hearing the horses, opened a sharp fire upon them.
We happened to be immediately in the line of that fire, and, returning it at once, covered the retreat of our generals.
Lieutenant Williams adds, that the regiment was then ordered to lie down upon the ground, and that Captain Shurtleff had just raised himself on his elbow to see that his men were protecting themselves, when a second volle
illy, and while it covered, last of all the infantry, the retreat of Pope.
In the Maryland campaign he was seized with typhoid fever, and owith his regiment to Cairo, where it was assigned to the army of General Pope, then moving against New Madrid.
The regiment saw its first fiest, he set off at midnight of the 18th on that disastrous retreat of Pope which culminated in the second Bull Run.
August 19.—ern part of Virginia, and the regiment shared the experiences of General Pope's campaign.
On the 30th of August the battle was to be foughtt noon, notwithstanding the accession of General Porter's corps, General Pope was confronted by a superior force of the enemy.
As fresh arrivin body of the Rebels were continually increasing the disparity, General Pope advanced to the attack as soon as he could bring his troops ints.
In the summer of 1862, and about the time of the disasters to Pope's army and the battles of Cedar Mountain and Manassas, came the call
ks after their return they were without tents to shelter them.
After the Army of the Potomac was withdrawn from the Peninsula, Almy's regiment was joined to General Pope's army, and fought in the battle of Manassas, August 29 and 30, 1862.
From the first day's fight Almy came out unharmed, but upon the second day he was killedll officers.
He was detained, in fact; but Dr. Guild, General Lee's Medical Director, on hearing the circumstances from Dr. McFarland, the medical Director of General Pope's army, very courteously gave him a pass for the desired purpose.
Then for several hours he searched in vain, but having at last found the remains, he buried ed sixty miles in two days, without one mouthful to eat, or a bit of sleep.
In July the Second Regiment became a part of the forces under the command of Major-General Pope, and on August 6th moved forward on the disastrous campaign which was directed by that general.
On the day before the battle of Cedar Mountain Lieutenant R
In August, 1862, the Twentieth left the Peninsula and was sent from Newport News to Alexandria.
After crossing the Potomac with the rest of Dana's brigade, and advancing a few miles beyond Fairfax Court-House, it took position there, and allowing Pope's army, then in retreat, to pass by, covered the rear.
At Antietam the division under the immediate direction of General Sumner was in the thickest of the fight.
The Twentieth lost one hundred and thirty-seven enlisted men in killed, wounded, d never, during the long campaign that followed, was he absent an hour from his company.
At Newport News, Porter's corps embarked in transports for Aquia Creek; thence it marched to Falmouth; then followed the famous march from that place to join Pope's army, the disastrous campaign under that officer, the retreat upon Washington, the reassuming of the command of his old army by General McClellan, and the brilliant Maryland campaign, ending with the battle of Antietam.
In all this the part tak