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tance he met with from the troops posted there, under G. B. Crittenden, he retired. After consultation with Smith, he again disembarked, on the 16th, at Pittsburg Landing, on the left bank, seven miles above Savannah, and made a reconnaissance as far as Monterey, some ten miles, nearly half-way to Corinth. On the 17th General Grant took command, relieving Smith, who was lying ill at Savannah on his death-bed. Smith died April 25th--a very gallant and able officer. Two more divisions, Prentiss's and McClernand's, had joined in the mean time, and Grant assembled the Federal army near Pittsburg Landing, which was the most advantageous base for a movement against Corinth. Here it lay motionless until the battle of Shiloh. The Federal army was at Shiloh, near Pittsburg Landing, in a position naturally very strong. Its selection has been censured for rashness, on the erroneous presumption that the army there was outnumbered, inferior in discipline to its opponents, and peculiarl
reliminary fighting of the 3d and 4th of April necessarily put division and army commanders on the alert. The evidence he cites for this is as follows: Prentiss had doubled his pickets the day before (the 5th), and had a reconnaissance of a regiment out at three o'clock on the morning of the 6th; he received the earlieste combatants of Mycale. Known facts, inference and imagination, often construct in an army an hypothesis not to be neglected. Possibly upon some such basis General Prentiss acted in throwing to the front ten companies, under Colonel Moore, to watch the approaches to his position. But it is perfectly evident that Grant and Sh, and following the ridge led into both the Bark road and the Corinth road by numerous approaches. Across this to Sherman's left, with an interval between them, Prentiss's division (the Sixth) was posted. Covering this interval, but some distance back, lay McClernand's division (the First), with its right partially masked by She
risoners, including a division commander (General Prentiss), and several brigade commanders, thousan Shaver, and Gladden's brigade, burst in upon Prentiss's division. Peabody's brigade, which lay upotroops he saw were the columns moving against Prentiss. It is difficult to reconcile his admission eneral Beauregard. This, however, was one of Prentiss's camps. The correspondent of the Cincinn brigades and three batteries. On his right, Prentiss's division had rallied, reinforced by the Twtheir officers. Anderson probably confronted Prentiss. The loss suffered by Pond's brigade has alrn the day, attacked on Breckinridge's left in Prentiss's front, when that Federal general was captur While these movements were being executed, Prentiss determined on a bold course, afterward condemnridge's brigades on the right. A portion of Prentiss's command which surrendered was turned over t Furthermore, the final rout and surrender of Prentiss occurred much earlier than six o'clock. This [32 more...]
nflict was expected by General Beauregard. In spite of the somewhat imprudent boasts of General Prentiss that Buell's reinforcements would turn the tide of battle in the morning, it was expected,zation was, however, greatly broken up. Sherman had lost thousands by desertion and straggling; Prentiss had been captured, with 2,200 men; while W. H. L. Wallace's command was nearly destroyed, by caing courage. Sherman seems to have had a general supervision of Grant's troops. Wallace's, Prentiss's, and Hurlbut's divisions, had almost disappeared from the contest; but as their residuary legty (30) flags, colors, and standards, over 3,000 prisoners, including a division commander (General Prentiss) and several brigade commanders, thousands of small-arms, an immense supply of subsistence,many sources, including the newspapers of the enemy, we engaged on Sunday the divisions of Generals Prentiss, Sherman, Hurlbut, McClernand, and Smith, of 9,000 men each, or at least 45,000 men. This
was desperately maintained by the Western men, who fought like panthers; but it was of no avail; our admirable plan of battle was still maintained by the quickness and coolness of our several chiefs, among whom I would especially mention General (Bishop) Polk and old Bragg. The latter, of course, was ever with his beloved artillery, and seemed as cool as a cucumber, among thirty pieces blazing away like furies. Polk, however, had achieved a great success in capturing that arch-braggadocio Prentiss and his whole brigade — the same bombastic hero who, when in command at Cairo, was going to play thunder with us, as the boys termed it. But while all were in high spirits at our evident success, and at the prospect of soon driving the enemy into the Tennessee, couriers looking pale and sad passed by, reporting that Johnston had been killed while personally leading an attack on a powerful battery. Major-General Albert Sidney Johnston was a Kentuckian, and about sixty years of age; tall,
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The battle of Shiloh. (search)
e other five divisions of McClernand, Smith, Hurlbut, Sherman, and Prentiss, disembarked at Pittsburg Landing, which consisted of a warehouse, General Sherman occupied the extreme front at Shiloh church; Generals Prentiss and Hurlbut lay on the left-; Generals McClernand and W. H. Lty miles--one by the way of the church, and the other through General Prentiss' camp, intersecting the road from Hamburg, seven miles furthernt and tolerably brisk firing on the left, in the direction of General Prentiss. As Colonel Hildebrand was not well; he was advised to remainnced firing on our pickets, and believed, from the rapid firing on Prentiss' line, that he had been attacked in force. Captain Sisson returne keen eye of Hardee soon detected the wide gap between Sherman and Prentiss. This gap — more than a mile in width-General Sherman says was lee men. McClernand, Hurlbut, and others did effective service. General Prentiss, who was captured with part of his division, contended bravely
ed to do until Monday, at which time I was taken to Columbus, Mississippi. We had only one meal of victuals during the forty-eight hours we remained in the prison, and there were quite a number of men there who did not get anything to eat. But for this we had some apology, in the fact that the armies were fighting very near us, and about all these rebels could do was to lie and boast about their success on the previous evening. They brought us the news that our whole army had been captured, that they had got between our forces and the river, and had taken twenty-seven thousand prisoners, and that the remainder of the army had been driven to the gunboats. So incredible and exaggerated were their reports, that when they afterward informed us of the capture of Prentiss and his division, we placed no confidence whatever in the story. On Sunday, at three o'clock, the Texan Rangers came in greatly decimated, themselves declaring that they had been cut to pieces by our sharpshooters.
we thought it very fine indeed. We lay down till morning, and when we arose, we found ourselves in company with General Prentiss and General Crittenden, togegether with two hundred and sixteen other officers of various grades. Here also I met wnant-Colonel Adams, Majors Crockett, Chandler, McCormick and Studman. I soon formed an agreeable acquaintance with General Prentiss, who was taken prisoner on Sunday, April 6th, 1862, at Shiloh. It had generally been reported that the General had justice; for on that bloody field he displayed coolness and heroism seldom equalled, and never excelled. I found General Prentiss not one of your half-hearted war men, who fight conditionally, but a whole-souled patriot, who would destroy the insuffrages at every election, without exception, have been exclusively confined to a candidate of their own caste. General Prentiss was kind and affable to all around him, and among fifteen hundred men of his command with whom I freely conversed,
night of our final attempt, and then, unfortunately, one of our companions was taken ill. This was the first disappointment. The next wet night that came, we were all well, and started; but, just as we were about to accomplish our purpose, General Prentiss, with several others, made a like attempt, unknown however, to us. Of course, an alarm was immediately raised, and the guards were on the qui vive. The General's party, headed by him, dashed back, and hid themselves in the cellar where we us A short time afterward, they were brought back into the room in which we were, amid the jokes and laughs of the rest of the prisoners at their non-success. A few hours after daylight, a guard of fifteen or twenty men marched in and took General Prentiss, Captain Gaddus, Major Ward, and several others into custody. Where they took them we did not know; but, a few days subsequently, I heard through Dolph, the black boy, that they were put into a common jail, and chained to the floor. From
Chapter 19: Just Judgment General Prentiss in close confinement Northern peace men bear story in the hospital old Aunt Susie sold children without bread, and satisfied what our fathe deeds she has committed during this war. What renders the offence against the noble General Prentiss so much more aggravating, is the fact, that he was thus treated after he had been regularlyo of their cruelties to their slaves: Oh, they're only niggers! So, in regard to General Prentiss, they might say: Oh, he's only a Yankee abolitionist! And shame mantles my brow st of victories won over the legions of secession. Such are the Vallandigham traitors. General Prentiss remained in close confinement until October 6th, and during the time he had been absent fro, in relation to the matter of exchanges by cartel, they returned, and brought with them to General Prentiss several hundred dollars, which the General divided among the officers. Our mess, consistin
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