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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 22 4 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Ohio, (search)
ank of the Muskingum, at its mouth. The commander of the troops was Maj. John Doughty, and he named it Fort Harmar, in honor of his commander, Col. Josiah Harmar. It was the first military post of the kind built in Ohio. The outlines formed a regular pentagon, embracing three-fourths of an acre. United States troops occupied Fort Harmar until 1790, when they left it to construct Fort Washington, on the site of Cincinnati. After the treaty of Greenville it was abandoned. In 1788 Gen. Rufus Putnam, at the head of a colony from Massachusetts, founded a settlement at the mouth of the Muskingum River, and named it Marietta, in honor of Marie Antoinette, the Queen of Louis XVI. of France. A stockade fort was immediately built as a protection against hostile Indians, and named Campus Martius. In the autumn of the same Fort Harmar. Campus Martius. year a party of settlers seated themselves upon Symmes's purchase (q. v.), and founded Columbus, near the mouth of the Little Miam
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ohio Company, the (search)
Ohio Company, the When, by treaty, the Indians had ceded the lands of the Northwestern Territory, the thoughts of enterprising men turned in that direction as a promising field for settlements. On the night of Jan. 9, 1786, Gen. Rufus Putnam and Gen. Benjamin Tupper formed a plan for a company of soldiers of the Revolution to undertake the task of settlement on the Ohio River. The next day they issued a call for such persons who felt disposed to engage in the enterprise to meet at Boston on March 1, by delegates chosen in the several counties in Massachusetts. They met, and formed The Ohio Company. It was composed of men like Rufus Putnam, Abraham Whipple, J. M. Varnum, Samuel Holden Parsons, Benjamin Tupper, R. J. Meigs, whom Americans think of with gratitude. They purchased a large tract of land on the Ohio River; and on April 7, 1788, the first detachment of settlers sent by the company, forty-eight in number—men, women, and children—seated themselves Site of Marietta i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ohio land Company, the (search)
ion, and which was recognized by the treaties of Utrecht (1713) and Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), to the region which they had formerly conquered, and which included the whole eastern portion of the Mississippi Valley and the basin of the lower lakes, Erie and Ontario. These conflict ing claims at once embarrassed the operations of the Ohio Land Company. It was provided by their charter that they were to pay no quit-rent for ten years; to colonize at least 100 families within seven years; General Putnam's land office at Marietta. and, at their own cost, to build and garrison a fort. The government was anxious to carry out this scheme of colonization west of the Alleghany Mountains to counteract the evident designs of the French to occupy that country. The French took immediate measures to countervail the English movements. Galissoniere, who had grand dreams of French empire in America, fitted out an expedition under Celeron de Bienville in 1749 to proclaim French dominion at variou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parsons, Samuel Holden 1737- (search)
Parsons, Samuel Holden 1737- Military officer; born in Lyme, Conn., May 14, 1737; graduated at Harvard College in 1756; admitted to the bar in 1759; was a representative in the Connecticut Assembly for eighteen sessions. He was an active patriot at the beginning of the Revolution. He was made colonel of a Connecticut regiment in 1775, and engaged in the siege of Boston. In August, 1776, he was made a brigadier-general, and as such engaged in the battle on Long Island. In 1779 Parsons succeeded General Putnam in command of the Connecticut line, and in 1780 was commissioned a majorgeneral. At the close of the war he resumed the practice of law, and was appointed by Washington first judge of the Northwestern Territory. He was also employed to treat with the Indians for the extinguishment of their titles to the Connecticut Western Reserve, in northern Ohio. He went to the new territory in 1787; settled there; and was drowned in the Big Beaver River, Ohio, Nov. 17, 1789.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Phillips, Wendell 1811-1884 (search)
compromise. Now, if the North conquers, or there be a compromise, one or the other of two things must come—either the old Constitution or a new one. I believe that, so far as the slavery clauses of the Constitution of ‘89 are concerned, it is dead. It seems to me impossible that the thrifty and painstaking North, after keeping 600,000 men idle for two or three years, at a cost of $2,000,000 a day; after that flag lowered at Sumter; after Baker, and Lyon, and Ellsworth, and Winthrop, and Putnam, and Wesselhoeft have given their lives to quell the rebellion; after our Massachusetts boys, hurrying through ploughed fields and workshops to save the capital, have been foully murdered on the pavements of Baltimore—I cannot believe in a North so lost, so craven as to put back slavery where it stood on March 4 last. But if there be reconstruction without those slave clauses, then in a little while, longer or shorter, slavery dies—indeed, on other basis but the basis of ‘89 she has no
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Putnam, Rufus 1738-1824 (search)
Putnam, Rufus 1738-1824 Military officer; a cousin of Gen. Israel Putnam; born in Sutton, Mass., April 9, 1738; served in the French and Indian War from 1757 to 1760, and on the surrender of Montreal (1760) married and settled in Braintree, Mass., as a mill-wright. He was studious; acquired a good knowledge of mathematics, surveying, and navigation; was a deputy surveyor in Florida before the Revolution; and entered the army at Cambridge in 1775 as lieutenant-colonel. The ability he disps brigade, and served to the end of the campaign. He was made a brigadier-general in 1783. He was aide to General Lincoln in quelling Shays's insurrection (1787), and in 1788, as superintendent of the Ohio Company, he founded Marietta, the Rufus Putnam. first permanent settlement in the eastern part of the Northwest Territory. He was judge of the Superior Court of that Territory in 1789, and was a brigadier-general in Wayne's campaign against the Indians. As United States commissioner, he
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
als of officers or troops in America for murder would, by a recent act, be removed to England. The skirmishes at Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775), stirred society in the colonies as it was never stirred before. There was a spontaneous resolution to environ Boston with an army of Provincials that should confine the British to the peninsula. For this purpose New Hampshire voted 2,000 men, with Folsom and Stark as chief commanders. Connecticut voted 6,000, with Spencer as chief and Putnam as second. Rhode Island voted 1,500, with Greene as their leader; and Massachusetts voted 13,600 men. The people there seemed to rise en masse. From the hills and valleys of the Bay State (as from all New England) the patriots went forth by hundreds, armed and unarmed, and before the close of the month —in the space of ten days—an army of 20,000 men were forming camps and piling fortifications around Boston, from Roxbury to the river Mystic. The Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, with Jo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Safford, James Merrill 1822- (search)
Safford, James Merrill 1822- Geologist; born in Putnam (now Zanesville), O., Aug. 13, 1822; graduated at the Ohio State University in 1844; Professor of Natural Science in Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn., in 1848-72; during which time (1854-60 and since 1871) he was State Geologist of Tennessee; Professor of Chemistry in the medical department of the University of Nashville and Vanderbilt University in 1874-94; and for more than thirty years was a member of the State board of health. He is author of Geology reconnoissance of Tennessee; Geology of Tennessee; and many papers on geological subjects.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indiana, (search)
....March 3, 1791 Brigadier-General Scott, with 800 men, sent against Wea Indian towns on the Wabash, destroys Ouiatenon......June 1, 1791 Second expedition against the Indian villages on the Wabash under Brig.-Gen. James Wilkinson, who leaves Fort Washington, Aug. 1, 1791, destroys the Eel River Indian village near Logansport, and over 400 acres of corn, and reaches the rapids of the Ohio......Aug. 21, 1791 Treaty of peace and friendship with the Indians at Vincennes, by Brig.-Gen. Rufus Putnam......Sept. 27, 1792 Fort Wayne, on the site of an ancient Miami village and an English fort erected 1764, built and garrisoned......Oct. 22, 1794 Northwestern Territory divided: that part west of a line from the mouth of the Kentucky River to Fort Recovery, and thence north to be called Indiana Territory, and Vincennes the seat of government, by act approved......May 7, 1800 William Henry Harrison, appointed governor of Indiana Territory, May 13, 1800, arrives at Vincennes.
rom Mingo Bottom in what is now Steubenville township, Jefferson county......May 25, 1782 They are defeated by the Indians near upper Sandusky......June 5-6, 1782 Colonel Crawford, being captured by the Indians, is put to death with barbarity......June 11, 1782 Virginia legislature authorizes her delegates to convey the Northwest Territory to the United States......Dec. 20, 1783 Virginia deed of cession dated......March 1, 1784 New Ohio Company formed in Boston......1786 Rufus Putnam, Samuel Parsons, and Manasseh Cutler made directors of the Ohio Company......March, 1787 Northwest territorial government established......July 13, 1787 Gen. Samuel H. Parsons appointed judge in and over the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio River......1787 Mayflower leaves Sumrill's Ferry on the Youghiogheny with pioneers from Danvers, Mass., and Hartford, Conn., to form a permanent settlement in Ohio......April 2, 1788 They land at Marietta......April 7, 1
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