Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for John Randolph or search for John Randolph in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Andros, Sir Edmund, -1714 (search)
t. a former governor, then eighty-seven years of age, was seen in the crowd by the militia, and immediately proclaimed the chief magistrate of the redeemed colony. The magistrates and other citizens formed themselves into a council of safety. The ready pen of Cotton Mather wrote a proclamation, and Andros was summoned to surrender. A barge sent front the Rose to take off the governor and his council was intercepted and captured. Andros yielded. and, with the royal ex-President Dudley, Randolph, and his other chief partisans, was imprisoned (April 18, 1689). Andros, by the connivance of a sentinel, escaped to Rhode Island, but was brought back. In July following he was sent to England, by royal order, with a committee of his accusers, but was acquitted without a formal trial. Andros was appointed governor of Virginia in 1692, where he became popular; but, through the influence of Commissary Blair, he was removed in 1698. In 1704-6 he was governor of Guernsey. He died in London
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bland, Theodoric, 1742-1790 (search)
Bland, Theodoric, 1742-1790 Military officer; born in Prince George county, Va., in 1742; was, by his maternal side, fourth in descent from Pocahontas (q. v.), his mother being Jane Rolfe. John Randolph was his nephew. He received the degree of M. D. at Edinburgh, returned home in 1764, and practised medicine. Bland led volunteers in opposing Governor Dunmore, and published some bitter letters against that officer over the signature of Cassius. He became captain of the 1st Troop of Virginia cavalry, and joined the main Continental army as lieutenant-colonel in 1777. Brave, vigilant, and judicious, he was intrusted with the command of Burgoyne's captive troops at Albemarle Barracks in Virginia; and was member of the Continental Congress in 1780-83. In the legislature and in the convention of his State he opposed the adoption of the national Constitution; but represented Virginia in the first Congress held under it, dying while it was in session. Colonel Bland was a poet as
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chase, Samuel 1741- (search)
hich was finally recovered. From 1791 to 1796 he was chief-justice of his State, and was a warm supporter of the administrations of Washington and Adams. In the session of Congress in the early part of 1804, it was determined by the leaders of the dominant, or Democratic, party to impeach Judge Chase, then associate-justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was an ardent Federalist, and warmly attached to the principles of Washington's administration. At the instance of John Randolph, of Virginia, Democratic leader of the House of Representatives, he was impeached for his conduct during the trial of Callender and Fries, solely on political grounds. Eight articles of impeachment were agreed to, most of them by a strict party vote. One was founded on his conduct at the trial of Fries (see Fries), five on the trial of Callender (Callender, J. T.), and two on a late charge to a Maryland grand jury. Having been summoned by the Senate to appear for trial, he did so (Jan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colleges for women. (search)
d on the general basis of college requirements, were divided into two classes. The first comprised the following: Mills College, in Mills College Station, Cal.; Rockford College, Rockford, Ill.; Women's College, Baltimore, Md.; Radcliffe, in Cambridge; Smith, in Northampton; Mount Holyoke, in South Hadley; Wellesley, in Wellesley—all in Massachusetts; Wells, in Aurora; Elmira, in Elmira: Barnard, in New York City; and Vassar, in Poughkeepsie—all in New York; Bryn Mawr, Bryn Mawr, Pa.; and Randolph-Macon Women's College, Lynchburg, Va. These colleges had 543 professors and instructors, 4,606 students, seventeen fellowships, 254 scholarships, $6,390,398 invested in grounds and buildings, $4,122,473 invested in productive funds, and $1,244,350 in total income. The second division, which comprised institutions under the corporate name of colleges, institutes, and seminaries, and were largely under the control of the different religious organizations, numbered 132, with 1,933 professors
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonization Society, American (search)
pany of thirty-eight colored persons emigrated to Sierra Leone from New Bedford. Steps had been taken as early as 1811 for the organization of a colonization society, and on Dec. 23, 1816, the constitution of the American Colonization Society was adopted at a meeting at Washington, and the first officers were chosen Jan. 1, 1817. All reference to emancipation, present or future, was specially disclaimed by the society, and in the course of the current session of Congress, Henry Clay, John Randolph, Bushrod Washington, and other slave-holders took a leading part in the formation of the society. In March, 1819, Congress appropriated $100,000 for the purpose of sending back to Africa such slaves as should be surreptitiously imported. Provision was made for agents and emigrants to be sent out, and early in 1820 the society appointed an agent, put $30,000 at his disposal, and sent in a government vessel thirty-eight emigrants, who were to erect tents for the reception of at least 300
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dabney, Richard Heath, 1860- (search)
Dabney, Richard Heath, 1860- Educator; born in Memphis, Tenn., March 29, 1860; graduated at the University of Virginia in 1881; became Professor of History and Economical Science in the University of Virginia in 1897. He is the author of John Randolph; The causes of the French Revolution, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Doughfaces. (search)
Doughfaces. During the great debate on the slavery question in 1820, elicited by proceedings in relation to the admission of Missouri as a free-labor or slavelabor State, eighteen Northern men were induced to vote for a sort of compromise, by which the striking out the prohibition of slavery from the Missouri bill was carried by 90 to 87. John Randolph, who denounced the compromise as a dirty bargain, also denounced these eighteen Northern representatives as doughfaces —plastic in the hands of expert demagogues. The epithet was at once adopted into the political vocabulary of the republic, wherein it remain
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Erskine, David Montague, Baron, 1776- (search)
zed to declare that his Majesty's Orders in Council of January and November, 1807, would be withdrawn on June 10 next ensuing. On the same day (April 19) the President issued a proclamation declaring that trade with Great Britain might be resumed after June 10. This proclamation gave great joy in the United States. Partisan strife was hushed, and the President was toasted and feasted by leading Federalists, as a Washingtonian worthy of all confidence. In the House of Representatives, John Randolph, who lauded England for her magnanimity, offered (May 3, 1809) a resolution which declared that the promptitude and frankness with which the President of the United States has met the overtures of the government of Great Britain towards a restoration of harmony and freer commercial intercourse between the two nations meet the approval of this House. The joy was of brief duration. Mr. Erskine was soon afterwards compelled to communicate to the President (July 31) that his government had
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indiana, (search)
ern one being called the Territory of Indiana, after one of the old ante-Revolutionary land companies. St. Vincent, or Vincennes, was made the capital, and William Henry Harrison was appointed governor of the Territory. It then included Michigan and Illinois. In 1803 a movement was made in Congress for suspending for a limited term, in the case of Indiana Territory, the provision of the ordinance of 1787 (q. v.) prohibiting slavery northward of the Ohio River. A committee, of which John Randolph, of Virginia, was chairman, reported strongly against the proposition, believing that in the salutary operation of this salutary and sagacious restraint the inhabitants of Indiana would, at no distant day, find ample remuneration for a temporary privation of labor and immigration. At the next session (1804) the subject was brought up and referred to a new committee, of which Rodney, the new Democratic representative from Delaware, was chairman. This committee reported in favor of such
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Macon, Nathaniel 1757-1837 (search)
Revolutionary War broke out; returned home and volunteered as a private soldier in the company of his brother. He was at the fall of Charleston, the disaster to Gates near Camden, and with Greene in his remarkable retreat across the Carolinas. From 1780 to 1785 he was a member of the North Carolina Assembly, and there opposed the ratification of the national Constitution. From 1791 to 1815 he was a member of Congress, and from 1816 to 1828 United States Senator. He was a warm personal friend of Jefferson and Madison, and his name has been given to one of the counties of North Carolina. John Randolph said of him in his will: He is the best, purest, and wisest man that I ever knew. Mr. Jefferson called him The last of the Romans. He selected for his place of burial an untillable ridge, ordered the spot to be marked only by a pile of loose stones, and directed his coffin to be made of plain boards, and to be paid for before his interment. He died at his birthplace, June 29, 1837.
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