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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 14: movements of the Army of the Potomac.--the Monitor and Merrimack. (search)
ling the Congress. That vessel fought her foes right gallantly until the Cumberland went down, when, with the help of the Zouave, she was run aground, under cover of the strong batteries at Newport-Newce. There the Merrimack also assailed her, sending raking shot through her, while the Congress could reply only with her stern guns, one of which was soon dismounted by the Merrimack's shot, and the other had the muzzle knocked off. The gallant Lieutenant Smith, Acting-Master Moore, and Pilot William Rhodes, with nearly half of her crew, were soon killed or wounded. Her hull was set on fire, and she had not a gun to bring to bear on her assailants. Further resistance would have been folly, and at half-past 4 Lieutenant Pendergrast hauled down her flag. McKean Buchanan, brother of the commander of the Merrimack, was an officer on board the Congress, and was in charge of the berth-deck during the terrible struggle. In a letter to the Secretary of War afterward, he said, I thank God I
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
sition was no longer tenable, and he ordered his troops to fall back to the second line in possession of Couch. They did so, with the loss of six guns and many gallant officers and men. Among the officers killed was Colonel James M. Brown, of the One Hundredth New York, and Colonel G. D. Baily and Major Van Valkenburg, of the First New York Artillery. The gallant Colonel Davis, of the One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylvania, was severely wounded. The cannon in the redoubt were seized by General Rhodes, and turned upon the fugitives. Notwithstanding the great odds against them, Casey's division numbered only a little more than four thousand men. The number of the assailants was estimated at more than thirty thousand. and the fearful enfilading fires to which they were exposed, Casey's men brought off three-fourths of their cannon. Early in the action General Keyes had sent to Heintzelman for aid, but because of some unaccountable delay it did not arrive until it was almost too l
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
s were ordered forward, and at an early hour in the forenoon, after some skirmishing, Cox reached the borders of the Pass. Under cover of a portion of the guns of the two batteries, he pressed up the wooded and rocky acclivity. He was at first confronted by General Garland, whose division was soon so badly cut up, and so disheartened by the loss of its commander, who was killed early in the action, that it fell back in confusion, and its place was supplied by that of Anderson, supported by Rhodes and Ripley. These held the position firmly for a long time, but, Wise's House, South Mountain battle-field. this is a view of Wise's House when the writer sketched it, at the beginning of October, 1866. it is on the Sharpsburg road, about a mile and a half South from Keedy's tavern, on the pike at Turner's Gap. finally, by hard and persistent fighting Cox gained a foothold on the crest, not far from the house of Daniel Wise, an earnest Union man. It was now noon, and up to this ti
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 34: (search)
e; Lieutenant Wm. Whitehead; Acting-Masters, Edm. Kimble, S. P. Lathrop and P. Leach; Midshipman, H. C. Tallman; Chief Engineer, W. C. Wheeler; Assistant Engineers, W. D. Pendleton W. H. Messinger, C. J. Coney, H. Holmes and M. H. Knapp; Acting-Master's Mates, A. Ellwell, Wm. McCreary and C. A. Stewart; Boatswain, John Burrows; Gunner, Samuel Cross. Frigate Congress. Lieutenants, Joseph B. Smith and Austin Pendergrnst; Acting-Master, Thomas Moore; Master's Mate, Peter J. Hargous; Pilot, Wm. Rhodes. Bark Gemsbok. Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, Edward Cavendy; Acting-Masters, J. E. Giddings, O. Thatcher. T. Werthoff and Samuel Very; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, Thomas Welch; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, E. H. Roberts. Ship supply. Commander, Geo. Colvocoresses; Assistant Surgeon, W. L. Wheeler; Paymaster, Edw. Foster; Acting-Masters, Zac. Kempton and J. D. Wood; Acting-Ensign, A. B. Axtell; Acting-Master's Mate, Peter Faunce. Steamer Stars and Stripes. Lieutenant-Comma
from her stern, raked her fore and aft with shell, while one of the smaller steamers from Norfolk kept up a fire on her starboard quarter; while the Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson--Rebel steamers from up the James — like-wise poured in their broadsides with precision and effect. The hapless Congress could only reply from her two stern guns, whereof one was soon dismounted and the other had its muzzle knocked off. Her commander, Lt. Joseph B. Smith, Acting-Master Thomas Moore, and Pilot William Rhodes, with nearly half her crew, having been killed or wounded, the ship on fire in several places, without a gun that could be brought to bear on her destroyers, Lt. Pendergrast, on whom the command had devolved, at 4:30 P. M. hauled down our flag. She was soon boarded by an officer from the Merrimac, who took her in charge, but left shortly afterward; when a small Rebel tug came alongside and demanded that her crew should get out of the ship, as her captors intended to burn her immediat
cements; and ordered his artillery to open on the advancing enemy. But the odds were too great. The three brigades of Rhodes, Garland, and Anderson, were immediately in his front; while that of Rains, by a flank movement, was coming in on his lef New York artillery, were killed, while endeavoring to save the guns in the redoubt; which were the next moment seized by Rhodes, and turned upon our flying columns. To the credit of this shattered division be it recorded, that, under a fearful enfilading fire from Rains, in addition to that thundered on their rear from Rhodes, they brought off three-fourths of our guns. The storm of battle now fell upon the 93d Pennsylvania, Col. McCarter, 55th New York, Lt.-Col. Thourot, 23d Pennsylvania, of Tenn. ; Cols. Lomax, 3d Ala., Jones, 12th Ala., Giles, 5th S. C., and Lightfoot, 22d N. C.; while, beside himself, Gens. Rhodes and Garland, with Cols. Goodwin, 9th Va., and Wade Hampton, S. C., were wounded. He also lost Gen. Pettigrew and Col.
our advance, was instantly and badly cut up, its commander being killed; when it retired in disorder, and was replaced by that of Anderson, supported by those of Rhodes and Ripley, who held the pass firmly for hours against the most gallant efforts of Cox's Ohio regiments. But, meanwhile, our superior numbers, backed by desperat position and shelter, and were nowhere so driven as to lose heavily by a fire upon huddled, disorganized masses, when retreating in disorder. Hill says that Gen. Rhodes, commanding one of his brigades, estimates his loss at 422 out of 1,200 taken into action. Col. Gayle, 12th Alabama, was among his killed; and Col. O'Neal, 24tew, 2d N. C., Barnes, 12th S. C., Mulligan, 15th Ga., Barclay, 23d do., and Smith, 27th do. Among their wounded were Maj.-Gen. R. H. Anderson, Brig.-Gens. Lawton, Rhodes, Ripley, Armistead, Gregg, of S. C., R. Toombs and Wright, of Ga. Lee, of course, did not care to renew the battle on the morrow of such a day; and McClellan,
oo late to call on Lee for reenforcements; and he had no choice but to fall back rapidly before our advancing columns to Chancellorsville, where a fourth brigade joined him; but, being still too weak to make head against an army, he obliqued thence five miles toward Fredericksburg, at the point where the two roads from Chancellorsville become one. Here Lee soon appeared from Fredericksburg, with the divisions of McLaws and the rest, of Anderson's own. Jackson, with those of A. P. Hill and Rhodes (late D. H. Hill's), had been watching our demonstration under Sedgwick, below Fredericksburg; but, when Lee heard that Hooker had crossed in force above, he at once inferred that the movement below was a feint, and called Jackson away toward Chancellorsville, adding the division of Trimble to his command and impelling him on a movement against Hooker's extreme right; leaving only Early's division and Barksdale's brigade in front of Sedgwick on our remote left, and to hold the heights overlo
a., and he hoped that 1,000 more would do so; which hope was of course a delusion. Lee says General Rhodes captured 700 prisoners and 5 guns at Martinsburg, and proceeds to enumerate more than 4,000 ps, marching from York under orders to concentrate on Gettysburg, came rapidly into the battle — Rhodes's division assailing the 11th corps in front, while Early's struck hard on its right flank. Of cluding the divisions of Anderson, Pender, and Heth, held the center; while Ewell's, composed of Rhodes's, Early's, and Johnson's divisions, formed the Rebel left, which bent well around the east sideto us, the Excelsiors had been fighting a brigade of Ewell's men, who were holding the Gap while Rhodes's division, forming the rear-guard of Lee's army, marched past up the valley, and had, of course repelling the enemy's skirmishers and reaching, at 10 A. M., Robertson's tavern; where Early's, Rhodes's, and E. Johnson's divisions of Ewell's corps confronted it. Warren was thereupon ordered to ha
side: the enemy being obliged, at 3 1/2 P. M., to give ground, after a most determined effort: Maj.-Gen. J. M. Jones and Brig.-Gen. Stafford having been killed. Rhodes's division, led by Gordon, next charged vigorously, and pushed back our advance with loss, taking some prisoners. In a return charge from our side, Gen. Pegram fth its right on the Mechanicsville pike, near Bethesda church, where Col. Hardin's brigade of Reserves, Crawford's division, was struck May 29. on its flank by Rhodes's division of Ewell's corps, and hurried back to the Shady Grove road; where Crawford, bringing up the remainder of the Reserves and Kitching's brigade (of Warren's corps), repulsed Rhodes, and established our left on the Mechanicsville pike. Meantime, Hancock, on our right, had been stopped, after heavy skirmishing, at the Tolopotomy, finding the enemy in his front too strong and too well covered by defenses and a swamp; while Burnside had come into position on his left, and Wright on hi
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